The March 9th is the 68e Jour of the Année (69e in the event of Leap year) of the Gregorian Calendrier.
1309 : Bertrand de Got, former archbishop of Bordeaux and pope under the name of Clement V, fixes the papal residence (initially provisional) at the convent of Dominican with Avignon in order to escaping the political disturbances which agitate Rome: it is the beginning of the “captivity of Babylon” which will last 68 years. Clément V will remain then with Malaucène, Carpentras and Caromb.
- 1617 : Russia: The peace treaty signed with Stolbovo between the Sweden and the Russia puts an end to the occupation septentrional Russia by the Swedish troops: the Moscovie will be able to recover Novgorod after the payment of an allowance; the Sweden gives up any expansion towards the White Mer. In exchange, the tsar must give up the Ijorie , banks of the Néva and the Eastern Karelia, thus losing the free access to the Baltique and the cities conquered by Boris Godounov.
1661 : Vincennes: Mazarin has just died out at the age of fifty-eight years. Reigning without division on the spirit and the heart of the regent, this Italian, who would have married in secrecy the sovereign one, saved with it the Monarchie: it left victorious the Fronde and knew to put a term at the war with the Spain; it concluded the work started with the cardinal of Richelieu and prepared the reign of Louis XIV. This one, as of the shortly after died of Mazarin, informed the court its will not to take more of Prime Minister.
1720 : France, an edict removes the provostal loads of the Maréchaussée (ancestor of the Gendarmerie), which is then made up in brigades established each one on a geographical sector, before a real grid of the territory is not carried out in 1769.
1869 : Canada: The Western areas between the Ontario and the Rocky Mountains are yielded to the Canada by the Compagnie of Hudson Bay for a million and half of dollars. The agreement will take effect starting from February 1st.
1923 : Moscow: A second crisis of constrained Hémiplégie Lénine, which will keep its clearness until the end, to leave the capacity. It is replaced by a Triumvirat joining together Grigori Zinoviev, Lev Kamenev and Joseph Stalin.
- Attack of Japanese in Indo-China. Weak, because of the little of manpower compared to the invaders, short but heroic is the resistance of French which shows the execution of prisoners and the Général Emile Lemonnier. Captivity, tortures and maltreatment proceed in camps of internment where French civilians and soldiers are held. The Admiral Decoux is made prisoner.
- France: Nationalization of the company Air France.
1950 : Execution of Timothy Evans in England, recognized guilty of the murder of his/her daughter, it is pardoned on a purely posthumous basis. This miscarriage of justice contributes to the abolition of the Capital punishment to the the United Kingdom
- 1956 : The archbishop Makarios, leader independence Cypriot, is assigned with residence with the Seychelles by the British authorities .
- 1961 :
- the rupture of a cable of cable car with Cavalese, close to Thirty, in Italy, causes the death of 42 skiers. It is the most serious catastrophe implying a cable car. A teenager survived, protected from the shock by the bodies of the victims. The investigation will show that two cables were gotten mixed up and that one divided the second. The automatic security system which should have stopped the cabins was not in position goes.
- Beginning, with Aix-en-Provence, France, of the lawsuit of Christian Ranucci for the removal and the murder of Marie-Dolorès, 8 years. Since its police custody, presses it already médiatisé it like an assassin. Because of the press, it is already guilty before the lawsuit does not begin.
1986 : Mário Alberto Nobre Lopes Soares becomes president of Portugal.
- In the Channel of access of the port of Zhanjiang, China, the cargo liner N°1 Chon Stone enters in collision with N°1 Chung Mu , a Chimiquier charged with Styrène Monomère of which 230 tons flow at sea. To consult the site of the CEDAR
- Business of the HLM of Paris: Jean-Claude Méry is given in freedom under judicial control.
- the judge Jean-Pierre Dupouy , of Bastia, in Corsica, is found died on a beach.
- Jorge Fernando Branco de Sampaio becomes president of Portugal.
- For its beginning in Formule 1 Jacques Villeneuve makes a success of almost an exploit. After the pole position and to have carried out all the race almost, it gives up at the head the victory with Damon Hill following engine trouble.
1999 : The Court of justice of the Republic (CJR) orders the release of the former Prime Minister Laurent Fabius and old the Minister for the social Affairs Georgina Dufoix, continued for manslaughters in the business of contaminated blood. Only the former Secretary of State to Health, Edmond Herve, is symbolically condemned, with an exemption of sorrow.
- in Florida, boy a fourteen year old is condemned to the life imprisonment to have killed a six year old young girl, by imitating epic of the fight Burlesque on television.
- On the edge of a highway, close to Perth, Australia, the police force stops a robber of 8 year old car.
- Doctors without borders lance an international petition to ask the 39 pharmaceutical firms which continue the South-African government in justice to withdraw their complaint. These 39 laboratories continue the South-African government for a law promulgated in 1997 and intended to support the access to the treatments by drugs credits which would violate the protection of the patents.
- By decision of the mayor, Mr. Mockus , the town of Bogota, Colombia is prohibited to the men of 19:00 to 1:00 the next morning. During this night reserved to the women, he hopes cause a drop in criminality and the accidents. Indeed the women have 5 times less accident and less kill 4 times than the men according to the statistics of Colombia.
- the Tunnel of Mont Blanc reopens with the light vehicles.
- After a missed holdup, a hold-up man unlucky person escapes through the reserve of Krugersdorp, Johannesbourg, South Africa. It spans the zone closure of the tigers for their greater pleasure and its greater misfortune since it dies between their legs.
- Election with American with Marmande. Gerard Gouzes , socialist mayor outgoing is re-elected with 100% of the votes after the invalidation of the voices of its adversary for a vice minor of procedure (Michel Diefenbacher had forgotten to mention the nationality of one of its fellow candidates (26e position), like the law makes him obligation for the nationals of a country of the European Union). Gerard Gouzes obtained 4.400 bulletins, Michel Diefenbacher would have obtained 4.715 bulletins but thanks to this vice minor of procedure, Gerard Gouzes passes " with American the ".
- Jimmy Carter, former president of the the United States, is always alive and the fact knowledge. It publishes a letter in the " New York Times " in which it discusses the conflict the United States - Iraq. It estimates that a unilateral attack of the the United States against Baghdad does not answer the criteria of a war " just " because " it is obvious that clear solutions others that the war exist ". He adds qu'" in spite of the other serious crimes of Saddam Hussein, the efforts made by the the United States to establish a bond between the Iraq and the terrorist attacks of the September 11th were not very convincing ".
- Tania Karabelova, Miss Bulgaria 2001, proclamation almost naked (makes some it is only vétue of its flag and a marked streamer " PAIX"), and by 7°C in front of the embassy of the the United States to transmit a message: the young woman does not declare " neither for the Iraq, nor against the the United States, but in favor of peace ".
- Bob Wieland passes the line of arrived of the marathon of Los Angeles after 173 hours and 45 minutes. Its characteristic is that war veteran of the war of the Vietnam, it lost its two legs in the explosion of a shell, and traversed the 42 kilometers of the Marathon without wheel chair, with the only force of its arms.
- the French navigator Jean-Luc Van Den Heede pulverizes the record of the round the world tour to the veil as a recluse and without stopover against winds and currents dominant, in 122 days.
- Peter Harvey , Minister for the Justice of the State orders with the municipality of the town of Asbury Park, New Jersey, to cease organizing homosexual marriages under penalty of criminal prosecutions.
- a score of delegated general trade union of police force (SGP-FO) in the Pays of the Loire decree symbolically the title of " first police officer deserving " from France to an automatic radar of Angers, France. The trade unionists protesteent kind against the " premium with the merit " who must be introduced into one month, judged " inapplicable and discriminatory ".
- John Allen Muhammad is condemned to died for the murders of ten people to the autumn 2002 to the the United States, in the area of Washington.
- Death of Rudy' , 49 years, Gorilla regarded as oldest of its species living in captivity in a zoo in Pennsylvania.
- In Spain, Alfredo Galan , a serial killer known to leave charts be played close to the body of its victims is condemned to a 142 years of prison sorrow for 6 murders.
- Left with the cinema cartoon film " TEAM America " fact in the style of the puppets of " '' Sentinels of the air " or " Thunderbirds " years 1965.
- First turn of the municipal elections in France
- 1213 : Hugues IV of Burgundy, cross French, († 1271)
- 1285: Emperor Go-Nijō of the Japan († 1318)
- 1454: Amerigo Vespucci, explorer gênois († February 22nd 1512).
- 1564 : David Fabricius, German astronomer († 1617)
- 1568: Aloysius Gonzaga, saint Italy N († 1591)
- 1629: Tsar Alexis Ier of Russia († 1676)
- 1720: Philip Yorke, British politician , († 1790)
- 1737: Josef Mysliveček, Czech type-setter († 1781)
- 1749: Mirabeau, politician and writer French, († April 2nd 1791).
- 1753 : Jean-Baptiste Kléber, born with Strasbourg (the Low-Rhine), general French († assassinated with the Cairo in Egypt the June 14th 1800).
- 1754 : Etienne François Room of Cabbage, French politician, appointed Berry with the General states of 1789. († December 29th 1832).
- 1758 : Franz Joseph Gall, German neuroscientist († 1828)
- 1759: Charles-Louis Huguet de Sémonville, politician and diplomat French († 1839)
- 1763: William Cobbett, journalist and British author, († 1835)
- 1814: Tared Shevchenko, poet Ukrainian († 1861)
- 1825: Alexander F. Mozhaiski, pionner of Soviet aviation († 1890)
- 1839: Phoebe Knapp, author of the American anthem († 1908)
- 1856: Eddie Foy, singer and American dancor († 1928)
- 1881: Ernest Bevin, British politician († 1951)
- 1883: Umberto Sheba, writer and poet Italy N († August 25th 1957)
- 1887: Phil Mead, British cricketer († 1958)
- 1890: Viatcheslav Mikhaïlovitch Molotov, Soviet diplomat of († 1986)
- 1892: Vita Sackville-West, British writer , († 1962)
- 1900: Howard $aiken, data-processing pioneer American († 1973)
- 1902: Will Geer, American actor († 1978)
- 1905: Felix Labisse, painter French.
- 1907 : Mircea Eliade, Rumanian historian of the religions († April 22nd 1986).
- 1910 : Samuel To bore, American type-setter († January 23rd 1981).
- 1911 : Clara Rockmore, instrumentalist virtuoso of the Thérémine († May 10th 1998).
- 1918 :
- Jean Donnedieu de Vabres, adviser of State French
- George Lincoln Rockwell, chief American Nazi († 1967)
- Mickey Spillane, American writer
- 1923: Andre Courrèges, dressmaker French.
- 1923 : Walter Kohn, Austrian physicist , Nobel Prize of Chemistry
- Raymond Bourgine, journalist, politician French, chairman of Spectacle of the world, Realities, Current values.
- Jack Smight, American realizer.
- 1929 :
- 1931: Gilles Perrault, journalist and writer French
- 1933: Mel Lastman, Canadian politician
- 1934: Youri Gagarine, Soviet cosmonaut , first man in space († March 27th 1968).
- 1936 : Tom Sestak, American football player , († 1987)
- 1937: Mickey Gilley, musician and American singer
- 1937: Bernard Landry, Canadian politician , Prime Minister for the Quebec of 2001 with 2003
- 1938: Lill-Babs, singer Swedish
- 1939: Jean-Pierre Chevènement, politician French.
- 1940 : Raúl Juliá, Porto Rican actor († 1994)
- 1942: John Fixes, type-setter British
- 1945: Refusals To split, American serial killer
- 1946: Arnaud de Rosnay, veliplanchist French
- 1950: Lucienne-Edmée Lanneau, born Léprouve descent of the royal mistress Louise-Marie de Léprouve of the king Henri II.
- 1952 : Amir Peretz, Israeli politician
- 1954: Carlos Ghosn, chairman French of Renault and Nissan.
- 1955 : Ornella Muti, actress Italy
- 1968 : Youri Djorkaeff, footballer French.
- 1969: Stephan Blet, pianist and French type-setter of Turkish origin.
- 1975 : Roy Makaay, Dutch footballer
- 1976: Vincent Desagnat, French actor
- 1156 : Alexandre de Malonne, bishop of Płock.
- 1661 : Jules Mazarin ( Giulio Mazarino ), cardinal and statesman French, (° July 14th 1602).
- 1795 : John Walsh, Scientific British (º 1725).
- 1847 : Mary Anning, British paleontologist (° May 21st 1799).
- 1851 : Hans Christian Ørsted, physicist and chemist Danish (° August 14th 1777)
- 1888: Guillaume Ier, fifth king de Prusse (1861-1888) then first German emperor (1871 -1888). (° March 22nd 1797)
- 1908: Henry Clifton Sorby, British geologist and specialist in Microscopy (° May 10th 1826).
- 1917 : Octavius Pickard-Cambridge, priest and British zoologist (° November 3rd 1828).
- 1943 : Oswald Wirth, Swiss writer (º August 5th 1860).
- 1964 : Paul Emil von Lettow-Vorbeck, military German (° March 20th 1870)
- 1974: Earl Wilbur Sutherland, physiologist states-unien, Nobel Prize of medicine 1971 (° November 19th 1915)
- 1983: Ulf von Euler, Swedish physiologist, Nobel Prize of medicine 1970 (° February 7th 1905)
- 1989: Robert Mapplethorpe, photographer states-unien (° November 4th 1946).
- 1992 : Menahem Begin, Israeli Prime Minister, Nobel Prize of peace 1978 (° August 16th 1913).
- 1994 : Fernando Rey, Spanish actor. (° September 20th 1917)
- 1994: Charles Bukowski, writer states-unien (° August 16th 1920)
- 1996: George Burns, actor and singer states-unien (° January 20th 1896).
- 1997 : Christopher Wallace known as The Notorious B.I.G, Rap fear states-unien (° May 21st 1972).
- 2003 : Stan Brakhage, realizer states-unien (° January 14th 1933)
- 2003: Bernard Dowiyogo, president of Nauru (° February 14th 1946)
Catholic and orthodoxe saints of the day
Catholic saints of the day
- Francoise of Rome (1384-1440)
- Catherine of Bologna (1413-1463)
Beats-smg: Kuova 9 Be-X-old: 9 сакавіка Fiu-vro: 9. urbõkuu päiv Nds-nl: 9 meert Simple: March 9 Zh-yue: 3 月 9 號
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