The March 3rd is the 62e Jour of the Année (63e in the event of Leap year) of the Gregorian Calendrier.
1356 : the Brabant: The brabançonnes cities impose on the Duc of the Brabant the charter of the “ Joyeuse Entry ” which founds the relationship between the duke and his duchy.
1638 : A free-Swedish alliance is renewed for three years.
1794 : Paris: The February 26th, Saint Just obtains Convention a reinforcement of repressive measurements. In an impassioned speech, he affirms that the Révolution “is frozen”, that the bureaucracy invades all and that the courts do not punish guilty truths. He indirectly aims the Indulgents and the Hébertistes and puts forward radical measures intended to sap the social base of the latter. From now on, the goods of the aristocrats put under the hand of the nation will not be any more sold but will be distributed to the patriots and will become inviolable kinds. Especially, the Comité of Public Hello henceforth can, starting from this day, without control of the Convention to send representatives on mission.
- 1813 : Sweden: The regent Bernadotte sign a treaty of alliance with the England in order to preserve the interests of the Sweden, obstructed by the continental Blockade. The England promises to him the Norway as well as territories with the the Antilles, in Guadeloupe, against the provision of thirty thousand soldiers.
- Montenegro: Signature of a peace treaty enters the sultan and the prince Danilo II. Arrived at the capacity in 1852, this one decides to secularize the capacity on the councils of the tsar. The Turks try to invade the country, but are pushed back.
- Netherlands: After the England, it is with the turn of the Netherlands calvinists to know the organization of a catholic hierarchy. This decision causes the fall of the First liberal minister Rodolphe Thorbeke (1796 - 1872).
1857 : China: Taking pretext of the assassination of the French missionary Chapdelaine, the English and French governments declare the war with the China.
- Paris: The national guard federates under the authority of a Central committee which will elect the March 15th, Giuseppe Garibaldi as general-in-chief, but this one refuses. The new authority affirms to want to found a “Democratic republic and social”.
- Creation of the Common of Paris.
- Germany: The elections at the first German Parliament, the Reichstag, give to the party national-liberal the first place in front of the catholic Center.
1875 : At the time of the first representation of Carmen to Paris, the type-setter Georges Bizet is chahuté by the spectators. The opera, which will become one of most frequently played throughout the world, transgressed narrow conventions of use at the time with the Op3era Comique. He will violently be criticized for his indecency, his weaknesses dramatic… and his melody poverty.
1915 : New York: The exit of film, this day, The Birth off has Nation (Naissance of a nation) is a triumph: in its first feature-length film (three hours), David Griffith reveals the extent of his talent: use of a mobile camera, preparation of cutting, rational use of the decorations of studio, alternation of the general plans and closes-up.
1923 : The Time Magazine in kiosk for the first time.
1957 : The archbishop of the catholic Diocèse of Chicago banishes the Rock-and-roll schools and public rooms of his territory, pretexting that this music comprises wild rates/rhythms and encourages with a behavior Hédoniste. The merchants of Chicago do not report falls in their record sales.
1980 : At the time of an auction sale of the house Sotheby Park-Bernet with London, a paper towel autographiée by Elvis Presley with the hotel Riviera of Las Vegas is allocated for 500 pounds. A package of letters and autographs of the Rolling Stones find taking with 220 pounds, just as four banknotes autographiés by the Beatles.
1983 : The writer Arthur Koestler and his wife are found without life in their residence of London; the couple apparently committed suicide. The author of the novel the Zero and Infinite the suffered according to certain sources from Leucémie and the Parkinson's disease.
- a Séisme of 7,8 on the open scales of Richter kills 180 people with the Chile. it is the first of the 5 large seisms which shook the country this year there.
- the trade union of the minor British stops the Grève which lasted since nearly one year and gives an order of resumption of work.
- 1990 :
- One of the 23 specimens of the Déclaration of independence of the United States of America is sold with the biddings for 1.595.000 $.
- Jean-Pierre Amat becomes champion of Europe to the rifle to 10 m by beating the world records with 596 points.
- Beginning of the business Rodney King: a scenario writer amateur films four police officers in the train of tabasser a black motorist at the edge of a highway of Los Angeles; the images will make the round the world tour. The police officers will be discharged by 12 sworn white. One will count 58 dead at the time of the riots which burst thereafter in the black districts of [[Los Angeles]. At the end of a second lawsuit, the police officers will be recognized guilty of infringement of the civic rights of King.
- Gulf: the Iraq accepts resolution 686 of the Safety advice of the United Nations which envisages a permanent cease-fire and the release of all the prisoners of war and the Kuwaiti civilians removed.
- the Croatian General Tihomir Blaškić is condemned to forty-five years of prison for Crimes against humanity by the International penal court for ex-Yugoslavia.
- the former dictator Pinochet arrives at Santiago. Described like very tired, mourrant in order to justify his release, one sees it, after many hours plane to only get out of the plane without assistance.
- Russo Giuseppe , 34 year old Italian, and his wife Sandra Elazar are stopped in Sicily for swindle with the bank card. They would have used the codes of American bank cards to divert more than one hundred Franc million.
- the singer Nayah who had represented the France with the last Concours Eurovision of the song and which had been defended to belong to the sect of the raëliens has just been promoted a priest of this Secte of which she does not make be-not saying part.
- After 12 years of presence on PAF, the Puppets of information announces the end of their emission. It was only a Canular, but 3,4 million people is in front of their small screen Monday March 6th 2000, in waiting of a confirmation.
- the Catamaran Multicoque Club Med skippé by the New Zealander Grant Dalton gains the race " The Race " , after more than sixty two days of a round the world tour as a crew without assistance and stopover.
- the Foot-and-mouth disease crosses the Manche, three cases of pigs reached are located in Belgium.
- the crash landing of a plane of the American National guard in Georgia, the United States, keep silent 21 people.
- 2002 :
- the Suisses yes say “ ” to adhesion with UNO, at the time of a national Référendum.
- Twelve hours after a attack-suicide which cost the life nine people with Jerusalem, ten other Israelis are killed by a Palestinian gunner at an Israeli checkpoint in the West Bank.
- a Séisme of 7,2 on the open scales of Richter shakes the Afghanistan and the Pakistan, killing a hundred people.
- a Charter ensuring the connection Milan - Havana made half-turn after a majority vote of the passengers. Indeed, several of them saw flames escaping from an engine from takeoff. The pilot having announced that it had succeeded in solving the problem and that it could continue the flight, the 250 very nervous passengers favorably accommodated the proposal for a vote and the democracy decided return to the box departure.
- Svetlana Feofanova increases the female world records indoor of the jump to the pole to 4 m 75.
- Jolanda Ceplak carries the female world records indoor of the 800 meters to 1 mn 55 S 82.
- Opening, with Athens, of the lawsuit of the nineteen alleged members of the Greek revolutionary organization of the 17-November , one of the terrorist groups of the most mysterious extreme-left of Europe, held responsible for twenty-three assassinations between 1975 and 2000.
- an operation of the Israeli army in the Palestinian camp of Al-Bureij (Gaza Strip) made seven dead.
2004 : The French Parlement definitively adopts the bill on the Laïcité which prohibits the wearing of religious signs " ostensibles" in the schools, colleges and public lycées as from the return to school 2004.
- the independence leader Oscar Temaru is elected president of the French Polynésie by the representatives at the local assembly.
- the adventurer American millionaire Steve Fossett becomes the first man to be carried out, in 67 hours and a minute, the round the world tour in the experimental plane " Virgin Atlantic GlobalFlyer " (37.000km) without stopover nor supply.
- Opening to Angers of the lawsuit of 66 marked people of acts of Pedophilia on forty children.
- Fin of the war enters the human ones and alliance covenante.
- 1589 : Gisbertus Voetius, Dutch theologist († 1676)
- 1606: Edmund Waller, English poet († 1687)
- 1652: Thomas Otway, English playwright († 1685)
- 1709: Andreas Sigismund Marggraf, German chemist († 1782).
- 1749 : Honore Gabriel Riqueti, count de Mirabeau, diplomat, journalist and politician French, († April 2nd 1791).
- 1800 : Heinrich Georg Bronn, German geologist († 1862).
- 1805 : Jonas Furrer, first president of the Swiss Confederation, († 1861)
- 1829: Carl Von Siemens, German industrialist .
- 1831 : George Pullman, industrialist, inventor of the sleeping car of railroad. († October 19th 1897)
- 1839: Jamshedji Touched, industrial Indian († 1904)
- 1845: Georg Cantor, German mathematician († 1918)
- 1847: Alexandre Beautiful, inventive Graham British († August 2nd 1922)
- 1863: Arthur Machen, ( Arthur Jones-Machen ), British writer , († December 15th 1947).
- 1868 : Emile Chartier, known as Alain, philosopher French, († June 2nd 1951).
- 1870 : Emile Mauchamp, French doctor. († March 19th 1907).
- 1871 : Maurice Garin, known as the Small chimney sweeper , runner Cyclist French, of Italian origin , first winner of the Tour de France.
- 1883 : Frantisek Drtikol, Czechoslovakian Photographer .
- 1886 : Torus Ørjasæter, Norwegian poet († 1968)
- 1898: Emil Artin, Austrian Mathematician , († December 20th 1962).
- 1911 : Jean Harlow, American actress († 1937)
- 1914: Asger Jorn, painter Danish, cofounder of the movement Cobra, († May 1st 1973).
- 1919 : Peter Abrahams, South-African novelist of English language.
- 1920: Ronald Searle, British draftsman of cartoons
- 1921: Paul Guimard, editor French.
- 1922 :
- Barney Martin, American actor
- Doc. Watson, American musician
- 1924: Micheline Dax (Micheline Etevenon), French actress .
- 1926 :
- Keiiti Aki, seismologist Japan board
- Heiner Geißler, politicking German
- Ion Iliescu, president of Romania
- 1931: Roger Caillois, writer, sociologist and critical literary French, member of the French Academy, († December 21st, 1978).
- ARIANE Mnouchkine, director of theater.
- Jean-Marc Maniatis, French, founder of a company of hairstyle.
- 1942 : Vladimir Kovalionok, Soviet cosmonaut
- 1945: George Miller, (born George Miliotis ), scenario writer, realizer and producer of Australian cinema .
- 1946 :
- James C. Adamson, American astronaut
- Chantal Bourragué, political woman French.
- John Virgo, British player of snooker
- Jean Gaubert, politician French.
- Patrick Pollet, French businessman
- Miyamoto Teru, Japanese author
- Jennifer Warnes, singer and American author
- Snowy White, British guitarist of rock'n'roll
- Jüri Allik, Estonian psychologist
- Bonnie J. Dunbar, American astronaut
- Gloria Hendry, American actress
- Gilbert Breaking, Political man French.
- Governed Ovion, runner Cyclist French.
- James S. Voss, American astronaut
- 1950: Tim Kazurinsky, American actor and actor
- Robyn Hitchcock, British musician
- Zico, Brazilian footballer .
- 1958 :
- 1962 :
- 1966: Ton-Loc, American musician
- 1968: Brian Leetch, player of Hockey
- 1970: Julie Bowen, American actress
- Charles Philippe of Orleans
- Victoria Zdrok, Ukrainian model
- 1974: David Faustino, American actor
- 1977: Ronan Keating, Irish singer
- 1981: Lil' Flip, American rappor
- 1982: Jessica Biel, American actress
- 1985: Sam Morrow, football player of Northern Ireland
- 1986: Stacie Orrico, American singer
561 : Peeling Ier, pope
- 1111: Bohémond de Tarente, prince d' Antioche and cross
- 1459: Ausiàs March, Catalan poet (° C. 1397)
- 1554: Jean Frederic of Saxony (° June 30th 1503)
- 1616: Mathias of Obel, Flemish Botanist (° 1538).
- 1703 : Robert Hooke, physicist English (° July 18th 1635).
- 1706 : Johann Pachelbel, German musician (° September 1st 1653)
- 1707: Aurangzeb, Emperor moghol of the India (° November 3rd 1707)
- 1717: Pierre Alex, author and Minister for the reformed Church French. (° 1641)
- 1719: Jacques-Louis de Valon, marquis of Mimeure, author and member of the French Academy French. (° 1641)
- 1731: Philibert Lambert, author French. (° 1664)
- 1768: Nicola Porpora, Italian type-setter (° August 17th 1686)
- 1792: Robert Adam, British architect (° July 3rd 1728)
- 1797: Yves Joseph de Kerguelen de Trémarec, navigator French (° February 13rd 1734).
- 1902 : Henri Gourgouillon, French sculptor (° 1858)
- 1806: Heinrich Christian Boie, German author (° July 19th 1844).
- 1808 : Johan Christian Fabricius, Entomologist and economist Danish (° January 7th 1745).
- 1916 : John Wesley Judd, British geologist (° February 18th 1840).
- 1925 : Clement Ader, French engineer, pioneer of aviation (° April 2nd 1841)
- 1932: Eugen d' Albert, Type-setter and German Pianist. (° April 10th 1864)
- 1937: Amelia Earhart, pionnière states-unienne of aviation (° July 24th 1897)
- 1959: Lou Costello, actor states-unien (° March 6th 1906)
- 1961: Paul Wittgenstein, pianist states-unien of Austrian origin (° May 11th 1887)
- Maxfield Parrish, painter states-unien (° July 25th 1870)
- Alice Pearce, actress states-unienne (° October 16th 1917)
- 1982: Georges Perec, writer French, member of the Oulipo. (° March 7th 1936).
- 1983 :
- Georges Remi known as Hergé, Belgian author of cartoon , (° May 22nd 1907)
- Arthur Koestler, British writer and polymathe of Hungarian origin (° September 5th 1905)
- 1987: Danny Kaye, actor states-unien (° January 18th 1913)
- Carlos Montoya, guitarist of flamenco. (° December 13rd 1903)
- Albert Sabin, Polish doctor. (° August 26th 1906)
- 1998: Fred W. Friendly, personality states-unienne of television (° October 30th 1915)
- 1999: Gerhard Herzberg, Canadian chemist of German origin, Nobel Prize of chemistry 1971 (° December 25th 1904)
- 2003: Horst Buchholz, German actor (° December 4th 1933)
- 2005: Rinus Michels, Footballer Dutch become Trainer. (° February 9th 1928)
- Hina Matsuri (festival of the headstocks) is a festival which takes place on March 3rd of each year in all the Japan.
- Camille (female)
- Guénolé, Gwenaël.
Catholic and orthodoxe saints of the day
- Camille d' Écoulives († 437), virgin recluse close to Auxerre.
- Guénolé de Landévenec († towards 529), abbot.
- March 3rd in sport
- March 3rd in the railroads
Beats-smg: Kuova 3 Be-X-old: 3 сакавіка Fiu-vro: 3. urbõkuu päiv Nds-nl: 3 meert Simple: March 3 Zh-yue: 3 月 3 號
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