The March 21st is the 80e Jour of the Année (81e in the event of Leap year) of the Gregorian Calendrier.
1098 : Foundation of the Abbey of Cîteaux by Robert, the founder of the abbey of Molesmes. Cîteaux essaime soon, melting four “girls”: Ferté (1113), Pontigny (1114), Clairvaux, whose Bernard is the first abbot, and Morimond (1115). The order cistercian is organized in 1114 by the Carta Caritatis and is launched in Europe by Bernard de Clairvaux.
1800 : The Russia and the Ottoman Empire, are meant, in the treated of Constantinople to form the “federative République of the Seven-Islands”, name given to the entity gathering seven islands of the Ionian Mer (in the past Venetian), located between the Greece and the Italy, that the France had been allotted to the Traité of Campo-Formio in 1797.
- 1804 :
- Execution of the duke of Enghien in the ditches of the castle of Vincennes.
- (30 ventôse year XII): Napoleon Bonaparte promulgates the Civil code. This one is one of the codes founders of the contemporary era in Europe. It was used of 1804 to 1884 without modifications or almost. It is under the IIIe République that half of the articles will be modified. The texts which most radically evolved/moved since its creation are those which concern the family. The radiation of the Civil code of Bonaparte was obvious until our days; not only in Europe, but also in America, Africa and Asia.
1841 : France: The Room has just adopted a law regulating the exploitation of the children in the industry and which prohibits the child work in eight year old lower part, limits it to eight hours for those from eight to twelve years, at twelve hours before sixteen years. But, badly applied, it will not remove “ the torture which one inflicts with children from six to eight years, obliged to traverse, as of five hours of the morning, the long distance which separates them from the workshops ”.
1861 : Tremor devastator kills 18.000 people in Argentine.
1919 : In Hungary, after the fusion of the Communist Parties and social democrat, Béla Kun seizes the power and proclaims the République of the Councils on the model of the Soviet S Russian. This communist interlude will duerera until.
1948 : Creation as of the autonomous Governed of Parisian transport (the RATP).
1975 : One year after having reversed the emperor Hailé Sélassié, in Ethiopia, of the soldiers abolish the imperial statute of the Négus and three thousand years an old monarchy, and proclaim the Republic.
1984 : Katarina Witt adds the world championship of figure skating to its Olympic gold medal. Young the 18 year old skater of the German Democratic republic dominated in the compulsory figures and the programs short and length in free style.
1993 : Historical defeat of the PS to the first turn of the legislative ones. With only 17% of the voices, the Socialist party records a historical retreat with the first turn of the legislative elections. One week later, the second turn confirms this sanction of the voters with respect to the Socialist government. The UDF and the RPR are majority with the Assemblée with four hundred soixante-douze seats. The March 29th, the first socialist minister Pierre Bérégovoy resigns. Edouard Balladur is named Prime Minister for one second cohabitation left-right-hand side. The May 5th, Pierre Bérégovoy, despaired to be mingled with a scandal politico-financial and given up by his/her friends, commits suicide.
- the given 66e of the Oscars marks the triumph of Steven Spielberg, whose film the list of Schindler gains 7 statuettes, including those for best film and the best realizer, while Jurassic Park collects of them 3. Holly Hunter and the young person Anna Paquin, 11 years old, are crowned for their roles in the Piano lesson . The film Philadelphia brings back a Oscar to Tom Hanks like better actor and to Bruce Springsteen for the best song: Streets off Philadelphia . Tommy Lee Jones is the best supporting actor for his service in The Fugitive , and the Oscar for the screen of the film the list of Schindler , belongs to John Williams.
- Coming into effect symbolic system of convention tallies of the the United Nations on the Climate changes opens, whose objective is to stabilize the atmospheric concentrations of gas for purpose of the greenhouse on a level which prevents any dangerous human disturbance of the climatic system. Only 50 countries signed it.
- Bertrand Picard and Brian Jones lands in Egypt. The day before with 10:54, they buckled the first round the world tour in balloon without stopover in 19 days 1 hour 49 minutes.
- the reverend Keith Sinclair of the parish of Birmingham, decides to make sound the bells of its church of 10:00 to 13:00 for “ emmerder ” the footballers. Indeed, to arrange the televised retransmission, the match was advanced per hour of the mass, which high risk to deprive of the parishioners of at least eight churches of the Sunday office if those place football before the mass.
- Israel carries out the withdrawal of 6,1% of the the West Bank, in accordance with the revised agreement of Wye Plantation.
- Contrairement has what was envisaged, Lionel Jospin refuses to present its orientations on the future of the retirements.
- Jean-Paul II becomes the first Pope in official visit in Israel.
- After a derailment of a score of coaches of a goods train due to a broken rail, a toxic cloud of smoke escapes from the cistern broken of the one of them (it transported nitric Acid and hydrofluoric Acid ), with Saint-Galmier (the Loire), close to Saint-Etienne. 1.800 people are evacuated but it is observed that the death of several bovines which grazed in the vicinity and which succumbed to a nitrate surdose.
- Epidemic of Foot-and-mouth disease: the Irish Republic identifies officially its first case of Foot-and-mouth disease.
- Epidemic of Foot-and-mouth disease (still): the veterinary experts of the European Union issue a Embargo on exports of cattle living and derivative products coming from the Netherlands.
- the 22e Salon of the book of Paris, whose Italy is the guest of honor, opens in the absence of Italian the Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, due to polemic with the minister Frenchwoman of the Culture Catherine Tasca.
- Reduction (Morocco): Marriage in the intimacy of Mohammed VI, thirty-eight years, with a twenty-four year old data processing specialist Salma Bennani (now Princess Lalla Salma).
- Three minors (14, 15 and 16 years) are placed as a police custody after a track race with the police force with Metz. These three hooligans are already known, in spite of their age, of the police force for multiple businesses. They were in freedom in spite of these misdeeds.
- Aaron Peirsol carries the world records of swimming on 200 m back, large basin, to 1 mn 55 S 15.
- old the Mayor of Paris and current mayor of Ve district, Jean Tiberi, is put in examination in the investigation into the false voters of this Parisian district.
- teenager a 17 year old kills seven people in her college, located in the Indian reserve of the Minnesota, like his/her grandparents, before committing suicide.
2007 : With the Quebec, the journalist Julie Miville-Dechêne is named at the station of Ombudsman of the Société Radio-Canada /CBC for a five years mandate. It is the first woman to occupy this function within the company of state.
- 1685 : Jean-Sebastien Bach, Type-setter and German Organist. († July 28th 1750).
- 1736 : Claude Nicolas Ledoux, architect († 1806).
- 1768 : Jean Baptist Joseph Fourier, French mathematician († 1830).
- 1775 : Lucien Bonaparte, French Academician († 1840).
- 1806 : Benito Juarez, Mexican politician († 1872).
- 1809 : Jules Favre, French Academician († 1880)
- 1827: Andrew Leith Adams, Doctor, Naturalist and geologist († 1882).
- 1837 : Bocanegra (Manual Fuentes there Rodríguez), Spanish Matador († June 21st 1889).
- 1839 : Modeste Moussorgski, Russian type-setter. († March 28th 1881)
- 1867: Florenz Ziegfeld, producing American († 1932).
- 1877 : Maurice Farman, French pioneer of aviation.
- 1885 : Pierre Renoir, French actor. († March 11th 1952)
- 1886: Henri Massis, French Academician († 1970)
- 1896: Errick French Willis, Canadian politician (Manitoba) († 1967).
- 1901 : Arthur Gavin, Astrologer and American occultist († 1970).
- 1912 : Andre Laurendeau, Journalist and politician Québécois († 1968)
- 1914: Paul Tortelier, French violoncellist.
- Henri-Paul Pelliza, champion of tennis.
- Eric Rohmer, scenario writer, carried out My Night at Maud , Perceval the Welshman , Pauline with the beach .
- 1921 : Arthur Grumiaux, Belgian violoncellist († 1986)
- Peter Brook, British realizer .
- Hugo Koblet, Swiss, victorious cyclist of the Tour de France in 1951 († 1964)
- 1926: Andre Delvaux, Belgian realizer.
- 1934 : Raoul Vaneigem, writer and Belgian Philosopher.
- 1937 : Pierre-Jean Rémy, diplomat and writer French, Price Renaudot 1971, French Academician.
- 1939 : Patricia Viterbo, French actress († 1966)
- 1940: Gary Buck, Canadian singer of country († 2003).
- Dirk Frimout, Belgian spationaut
- Paul Fentener van Vlissingen, businessman and philanthropist Dutch.
- Francoise Dorléac, French actress and sister of Catherine Deneuve. († June 26th 1967)
- Fradique de Menezes, president of Sao Divide into volumes-and-Principle.
- 1943 : François Patriat, French politician, President of the District council of Burgundy, former minister.
- 1946 : Gerard Gavarry, writer French.
- 1947 : Christian Bimes, president of the French federation of tennis.
- 1950 : Roger Hodgson, British guitarist .
- 1952 : Christophe Malavoy, actor and singer French.
- 1957 : Youssef Rzouga, Tunisian poet.
- 1958 : Gary Oldman, American actor.
- 1959 : Nobuo Uematsu, Japanese type-setter.
- 1960 : Ayrton Senna, racing driver Brazilian, world champion in 1988, 1990 and 1991. Find death on the circuit of Imola. († May 1st 1994)
- 1961: Lothar Matthäus, German footballer
- 1962: Matthew Broderick, American actor.
- 1965 : Xavier Bertrand, French politician.
- 1971 : Jose Clayton, Tunisian footballer.
- 1972 : Piotr Adamczyk, actor Polish
- Laura Allen, American actress.
- Takeharu Dejima, Japanese sumotori.
- Sebastien Gimenez, footballer, guard with the Olympic Nimes.
- Andrey Kashechkin, Kazakh cyclist.
- Ronaldo de Assis Moreira says Ronaldinho, football player Brazilian of the F.C. Barcelona.
- 1982 : Jordan Tai, kickboxer néozélandais.
- 1983 : Jean-François Montauriol, player of Rugby of the Stade Toulousain.
- 1110: Robert de Molesme, Holy Catholic celebrated the April 30th (°C. 1029)
- 1237: Jean de Brienne, king de Jérusalem and Latin emperor of Constantinople. (° 1148).
- 1306 : Robert II of Burgundy, duke of Burgundy (° 1248)
- 1324: Marie of Luxembourg, queen of France, at the 19 years age. (° 1305).
- 1461 : Bertrand V of the Tower of Auvergne, count d' Auvergne.
- 1487 : Nicolas de Flue, Swiss hermit (° 1417)
- 1556: Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury (° July 2nd 1489)
- 1595: Ernest de Habsbourg, Governor of the Belgium, wire of the emperor Maximilien II
- 1656: James Usher, Irish archbishop (° January 4th 1581)
- 1676: Henri Sauval, French historian (° 1623)
- 1729: John Law, British economist (° April 21st 1671)
- 1751: Johann Heinrich Zedler, German editor (° January 7th 1706)
- 1762: Nicolas-Louis de Lacaille, French astronomer (° March 15th 1713)
- 1772: Jacques-Nicolas Bellin, French cartographer (° 1703)
- 1801: Andrea Luchesi, Italian type-setter (° May 23rd 1741)
- 1804: Louis Antoine of Bourbon-Cop, Duke of Enghien (° August 22nd 1772)
- Guadalupe Victoria, president of Mexico (° September 29th 1786).
- Robert Southey, British writer (° August 12th 1774).
- 1934 : Franz Schreker, type-setter and Austrian leader (° March 23rd 1878)
- 1936: Alexandre Glazounov, Russian type-setter (° August 10th 1865)
- 1951: Willem Mengelberg, Dutch leader (° March 28th 1871)
- 1980: Marcel Boussac, industrialist of cotton and owner of a racing stable in France.
- 1983 : German Beaumont, journalist and a French novelist. (° October 31st 1890)
- 1984: Shauna Grant, pornographic actress states-unienne (° May 24th 1963)
- 1985: Michael Redgrave, British actor. (° March 20th 1908)
- 1987: Robert Preston, actor states-unien (° June 8th 1918)
- 1988: Eugene Ribère, French rugby player.
- 1991 : Leo Fender, manufacturer states-unien of Guitar S (° August 10th 1909)
- 1995: Etienne Martin, sculptor.
- 1998 : Galina Oulanova, Russian ballerina (° January 8th 1910)
- 1999: Jean Guitton, writer, philosopher and academician French.
- 2000 : Paul Oddo, resistant French, companion of the Release.
- 2001 :
- Chung Ju-Young, South Korean industrialist, founder of the Group Hyundaï. (° November 25th 1915)
- Maurice Arreckx, French politician. (° December 13rd 1917)
AstronomyIt is one of the days of the equinox of spring.
With the 21e century, only the years 2003 and 2007 are in this case. It will be necessary to await the year 2102 for this return. At the 22e century, that will arrive 11 times. They had arrived 58 times at the 20th century.
- Tunisia: Youth
- Japan celebrates: Shunbun No hi (Day of the vernal equinox)
- Mexico: Birthday of the birth of Benito Juárez
- Iranian World: Norouz, the first New Year's Day of the Persan calendar, which also corresponds to the New Year's Day of the Foi Baha' IE and the Kurdish , inter alia.
Catholic and orthodoxe saints of the day
- Benoit de Nursie († 543), patriarch of the monks of Occident (Western date).
- Sérapion d' Arsinoé (IVe century), abbot in Egypt.
- Sérapion Sindonite († towards 387), monk in Egypt.
Holy catholic of the day
- Happy Clemence (12th century)
Beats-smg: Kuova 21 Be-X-old: 21 сакавіка Fiu-vro: 21. urbõkuu päiv Nds-nl: 21 meert Simple: March 21 Zh-yue: 3 月 21 號
|Random links:||Akseli Gallen-Kallela | Islam de Afrika | Bryan Adams | Vaslav Nijinski | Harmony-brass band | Carlos Vaquera | Regiment Fusiliers with Horse of the King|