The March 19th is the 78e Jour of the Année (79e in the event of Leap year) of the Gregorian Calendrier.
632 : With the return of its pilgrimage of good-bye to Mecque, the prophet Mahomet makes a halt with Ghadir Khum, where he pronounces a sermon, during which it reveals that God ordered to him to designate its successor, and that it chose Ali.
- 1314 : Jacques de Molay, large Master of the Temple and Geoffroy de Charney, commander of Normandy, condemned by the cardinals to the life imprisonment, reconsider their consents. The cardinals are given the night to reflect but condemned are burned alives by people of the king, the evening even, in the Île with the Jews with Paris, in accordance with the medieval right which punishes of dead the Relaps. Before expiring in the flames, Molay would have cursed the king Philippe Beautiful the and the pope Clément V in their predicting that they would die them-also before the end of the year, which was the case.
1315 : Louis X Hutin promulgates the Charte with Norman the, symbol of the unit of the Normandy, which echoes the Large Charter English, and which the Registers of grievances will still call upon in 1789.
1563 : Amboise: To thwart the royal policy of tolerance, the duke of Own way approached the constable of Montmorency; with the Saint-Andrew marshal, they decide to form a “ triumvirate ” to defend the catholic cause. Cop mobilizes Réformés and makes sure of the support of the England while promising of him delivers the port of the Havre. Against Dreux, Condé runs up against the troops of Montmorency and puts in rout (December 19th 1562), but is in its turn beaten by Guise. The assassination of this one, the February 24th 1563, allows Catherine de Médicis, this day, to impose the peace of Amboise.
1682 : Jacques Bénigne Bossuet makes adopt by the Parliament of the clergy her Déclaration on the ecclesiastical power known as Déclaration of the Four Articles, protest demonstration gallicane against the theory of the Papauté, practiced with such an amount of boldness by Hildebrand (Gregoire VII). The king recognizes with the Pape the capacity on the spiritual things - which relate to safety - but not on the temporal and civil things. The sovereigns are subjected to no ecclesiastical power by the order of God in the temporal things and cannot be deposited by the authority of the chiefs of the Church. The decisions of the pope are irreformable only as far as they are accepted by the Église. The use of the apostolic power must be regulated by the guns. This declaration constitutes the charter of the political Gallicanisme, namely the king is the Master of the Church of France and the decisions of the Concile are higher than those of the Pape.
1808 : The king Charles IV of Spain abdicates. His/her son Ferdinant, goes up on the throne of Spain but gives up the throne less than two months, terrorized later by Napoleon with the Entrevue of Bayonne.
- 1812 : the Cortes Spanish vote a liberal Constitution of hereditary monarchy.
1813 : Treaty Russo - Prussian.
1817 : Assassination of old the imperial Prosecutor Antoine Bernardin Fualdès, of which the body is found floating in the Aveyron, starting point of famous the Affaire Fualdès, which had an enormous repercussion through all France and Europe.
1853 : China: Nankin falls to the hands from the rebels Taïping .
- 1915 : Although she is not recognized any more as a planet, Pluton is photographed for the first time.
- 1919 : Formation of a government Korea N in exile, under the direction of Synghman Rhee.
- 1932 : Inauguration of the broadest bridge of the world with Sydney, in Australia: 49 m broad for a span of 503 Mr.
- 1933: Benito Mussolini proposes a pact with the France, the Great Britain and the Germany.
- 1936 : the Rhineland: Its remilitarization by the Germany gives place only to one solemn judgment of the future allies.
- 1937 : France: The civil capacity of the women is recognized. For a civil, legal or administrative act, one will not be able to require the authorization of her husband any more.
- 1941 : The the United States and the Canada sign the pact of the Sea route of the St. Lawrence ; work will be supplemented in 1959.
- 1945 : with 16:30, the first French Army ordered by the general Jean de Lattre de Tassigny penetrates in Germany with Scheibenhard (the Low-Rhine) by crossing the Lauter.
- 1946 : The French Guiana, the Guadeloupe, the Martinique and the Réunion become departments of overseas French (DOM).
- 1953 : The ceremony of handing-over of the Oscars of the Cinema is diffused on television for the first time.
- 1955 : The second generation of the computers is born in the laboratories of the company Bell.
- 1959 : Rising anti-Chinese with the Tibet.
- 1962 : A precarious Cessez-le-feu is established in Algérie after the signature of the Accords of Evian, which put an end to seven years of war.
- 1963 : The Algeria request opening of negotiations with the France to put a term at the French nuclear tests with the the Sahara.
- 1966 : Opening to the circulation of the road bridge of Oléron.
- 1971 :
- a landslide makes 160 dead in north Sao Paulo, Brésil.
- a Avalanche makes between 600 dead with Chungar , with the Peru.
- 1977 : The Équipe of France of Rugby to XV beats the Ireland and makes a success of its second large slam.
- 1978 : the Israeli army takes the control of the almost totality of the Lebanon in the south of the river Litani.
- 1979 : Accident with the nuclear plant of Harrisburg, the the United States
- 1981 :
- While working on the Space shuttle Columbia, in Cap Canaveral, two technicians die asphyxiated by the Azote.
- First history of the “ Women in White ” in the Newspaper of Spirou.
- 1986 : Iraqi aviation bombards important a Iranian military camp and military industrial facilities close to Ahwaï .
- 1987 : with the terrace of a coffee of Djibouti, a bomb makes eleven dead including five French and three Germans.
- 1988 : Michael Jackson acquires of a Ranch of 28 million dollars with Santa Ynez , in California. It will make there arrange a surface of recreation and a park of animals.
- 1989 : John Ngugi becomes world champion of Cross-country for the fourth time of continuation. Annette Sergent gains its second title.
- 1992 : Carole Merle is world champion Super G and of Giant.
- 1993 :
- an attack asserted by the WILL GO keep silent a child and wounds 50 people in a shopping mall of Warrington, in England.
- the XV of France takes down the 1st championship of Europe of Rugby.
- 1994 :
- Patrice Bailly-Saline becomes world champion of Biathlon.
- Alexander Popov carries the world records of the 100 m freestyle in small basin to 46" 74.
- 1995 :
- Twelve people lose the life, and nearly 5.000 others are victims of intoxication after having inhaled a very virulent gas - the gas sarin - in the subway of Tokyo. The Japanese police force will quickly carry its investigation towards a sect extremist, the sect of the Truth , which she suspects of being responsible for the attack.
- Claire Gibault, becomes the first woman leader to prestigious the Scala of Milan.
- Michael Jordan makes her return in the team of baskett NBA of the Chicago bulldozers.
- 1996 :
- the forces of the Fédération croato-Moslem woman take the total control of Sarajevo after the departure of the forces Serbes which controlled five more districts.
- with Quezon City (Manila), more than one hundred fifty young people dies in the fire of a Discothèque.
- 1998 : The auction of some 600 batches of memories of the late president John F. Kennedy pays a little more than 10 million dollars, a sum considered to be disappointing. The sale of memories of Jacqueline Kennedy in 1996 had added up more than 34 million.
- 1999 :
- Adjournment of the peace negotiations of Paris on the Kosovo, after the refusal of the Serb to sign the plan suggested by the Group of contact; consequently, SOEC decides the departure of its 1.380 observers of the province, thus leaving the free field to strike NATO.
- the mode of Libya grants so that two suspects of the attack of Lockerbie, in 1988, are judged with the Netherlands, by the Scotland.
- 2000 :
- Abdoulaye Wade gains the presidential election, putting an end to 40 years of reign of the Socialist party to the Senegal.
- part of the fifty-five statuettes flights and intended for the ceremony of the Oscars of the cinema to Hollywood are found in a dustbin.
- Roman Sloudnov carries the world records of the 200 m brews to 2 mn 07 S 59.
- Neil Walker carries the world records of the 100 m backstroke small basin to 50 S 75.
- Lars Frölander carries the world records of the 50 m butterfly to 23 S 19.
- 2001 :
- Beginning of the lawsuit of Guy Georges, the " killer of the Parisian east ". He is judged for the rapes and assassinations of seven women and four other aggressions between 1991 and 1997.
- Birth in Germany of the greatest trade union of the world, with nearly three million members. " Ver.di " is the fruit of the fusion of five trade unions. " Ver.di ", abbreviation of Vereinte Dienstleistungewerkschaft (plain Trade union of the services), will represent employees of the public services and transport, post-office employees, media, employees, trade, banks and insurance.
- a Séisme a magnitude of 5,7 on the open scales of Richter shakes Ambon, in the archipelago of Moluques, without making neither wounded nor damage.
- 2002 : An important sector of the Icecap of the the Antarctic, the Larsen B , 200 m thickness and 3.250 km ², is detached and broken in Iceberg.
- 2003 :
- Mahmoud Abbas ( Abou Mazen ), N° 2 of PLO, becomes Prime Minister for the Palestinian Autorité.
- the American group Apple Computer announces the stop of the production of its computer IMac.
- Old terrorist habit become extremely rare today, six hijackers hijack a plane cuban Douglas DC-3 with thirty-five people on board. The plane lands with Key West where the hijackers are stopped.
- 2006 : The Belorusse president Aliaksandr Loukachenka is re-elected with the head of his country.
- 2007 : partial solar Eclipse. It is about the 5th partial eclipse of the 21e century.
- 1600: Anders Ball, Rigsmark Danish († 1657).
- 1629 : Alexis Ier of Russia, Tsar of Russia.
- 1767 : François Governed of Bourdonnais, count of Bretèche, minister French.
- 1779 : Józef Dwernicki, general Polish († September 22nd 1857)
- 1780: Andre Joseph Abrial, Minister for Justice French († November 13rd 1828)
- 1784: Joséphine Rostkowska, army medical officer Polish († July 18th 1896)
- 1813: David Livingstone, missionary and exploring British († 1873).
- 1821 : Sir Richard Francis Burton, British explorer († October 19th 1890)
- 1870: Cheche (Jose Marrero Bez), Mexican Matador († August 11th 1909).
- 1872 : Serge de Diaghilev, the inventor (Russian), the organizer and the director of the troop of the Russian Ballets († 1929).
- 1883 : Pepete (Jose Gallego Mateo), Spanish Matador († September 7th 1910).
- 1889 : Manual II last king of Portugal
- 1891: Earl Warren, lawyer and an American politician († July 9th 1974)
- 1900: Frederic Joliot-Curie, physicist French, Nobel Prize of chemistry 1935 († 1958).
- 1905 : Albert Speer, architect and Minister of the Nazi Germany († September 1st 1981)
- 1906: Adolf Eichmann, Obersturmbannführer S.
- 1911 : Simone Renant, actress of French cinema. († March 29th 2004)
- 1917: Carnicerito de Méjico (Jose González López), Mexican Matador († September 15th 1947).
- 1926 : Valerio Zurlini, Italian realizer († 1982)
- 1930: Alex Métayer, humorist French. († February 21st 2004)
- 1936: Ursula Andress, Swiss actress .
- 1939 : Miguelín (Miguel Mateo Salcedo), Spanish Matador († July 21st 2003).
- 1947 : Glenn Close, American actress .
- 1950 : Colette Coleman, American musician
- 1955 :
- 1956: Manchu, illustrator of Science fiction
- 1964: Nicola Larini, racing driver Italian;
- 1977 : Mallaury Nataf, singer and French actress.
- 1976 : Alessandro Nesta, Italian Footballer
- 1978: Gabriel Heinze, Argentinian footballer .
- 1979 :
- 1981: Kim Rae-won, South Korean actor .
- 1984 :
- 1238 : Henri Ier Bearded the, duke of Cracow (°C. 1170)
- 1279: Bing, emperor of China (° 1271)
- 1286: Alexandre III of Scotland, king d' Écosse (° September 4th 1241)
- 1406: Ibn Khaldun, historian and Tunisian philosopher (° May 27th 1332)
- 1637: Peter Pázmány, theologist and philosopher Hungarian (° October 4th 1570)
- 1683: Thomas Killigrew, playwright English (° 1612)
- 1687: Rene Robert Cavelier of the Room, exploring French (° November 22nd 1643)
- 1697: Nikolaus Bruhns, organist and German type-setter (° 1665)
- 1721: Clement XI ( Gianfrancesco Albani ), pope (° June 23rd 1649)
- 1747: Catherine Opalinska, queen of Poland (° October 13rd 1682)
- 1907: Emile Mauchamp, French doctor. (° March 3rd 1870).
- 1914 : Giuseppe Mercalli, Vulcanologist Italy N (° May 21st 1850)
- 1930: Arthur Balfour, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (° July 25th 1848)
- 1942: Clinton Binder Merriam, American Zoologist (° December 5th 1855)
- 1944: Edouard de Castelnau, general French. (° December 24th 1851).
- 1950 : Edgar Rice Burroughs, American writer (° September 1st 1875)
- 1950: Walter Haworth, British chemist , Nobel Prize of chemistry 1937 (° March 19th 1883)
- 1976: Albert Dieudonné, French actor (° November 26th 1889)
- 1976: Paul Kossoff, British musician , guitarist of the group Free (° September 14th 1950)
- 1978: Gaston Maurice Julia, mathematician French, precursor of the Fractale S (° February 3rd 1893)
- 1982: Randy Rhoads, American guitarist (° December 6th 1956)
- 1987: Louis de Broglie, physicist French, Nobel Prize of physics 1929 (° August 15th 1892)
- 1997: Willem de Kooning, Dutch painter
- Jeanne Bourin, writer French (° January 13rd 1922)
- Emile Genest, Actor Québécois. (° July 27th 1921)
- 2005: John De Lorean, automobile engineer American (° January 6th 1925)
- Wednesday the 25th Pedal, Supreme Festival Quad of Peligraf Poligrafovitch, Dog.
Catholic and orthodoxe saints of the day
- Joseph the Juste (1st century)
- Leonce Holy († 640), bishop.
Catholic saints of the day
Orthodoxe saints of the day
Beats-smg: Kuova 19 Be-X-old: 19 сакавіка Fiu-vro: 19. urbõkuu päiv Nds-nl: 19 meert Simple: March 19 Zh-yue: 3 月 19 號
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