The March 17th is the 76e Jour of the Année (77e in the event of Leap year) of the Gregorian Calendrier.
first century BC
- -45 : Victoire of Jules César with the Battle of Munda on the last republican legions of Pumped the Young person and Sextus Pompeius.
1526 : The king François Ier is released by the Spanish which retained it captive.
1790 : Paris: With an aim of giving again confidence with the public towards the Assignat S, the Constituante decides more to guarantee them on the goods of the clergy. They are from now on paper money. The goods of the clergy available will be sold via the municipalities.
1805 : Italy: The Italian République is set up in Royaume of Italy, whose Napoleon is the sovereign. Hereditary kingdom, the Italy will remain however independent. Crowned with Milan the May 28th, it names his son-in-law Eugene de Beauharnais, viceroy.
1830 : Frederic Chopin gives its first concert.
- 1847 : Vanves: Grandville disappears. He worked as satirical draftsman for newspapers such as the Caricature and the Hullabaloo. But the illustrations constitute more the most remarkable share of its work. He builds a strange world that Baudelaire will compare with “ an apartment where the disorder would be systematically organized ”.
1851 : A. of Gasparis discovers Psyché, one of the larger asteroids ever observed with 250 kilometers in diameter.
1861 : Turin: In less than two years, Cavour carried out the Italian unit. Indeed, in March 1860, these are 426.000 Emiliens (Parma, Modena, Romagna) against 760 which approve their annexation by the Piedmont; 336.000 Tuscan against 15.000 make in the same way. In front of such a unanimity, Napoleon III must be inclined. At the end of the war of Italy, the Lombardy is granted the Piedmont. At the conclusion of the Forwarding of the Thousand, Victor-Emmanuel is Master of the Ombrie, the Marches, the Sicily and Naples, which, they also, decides massively for the unit around its kingdom. To sit the Sardinian dynasty with the head of the Italy, Cavour joins together the first Italian Parliament with Turin the February 18th 1861. The poll of the March 18th devotes Victor-Emmanuel II like “ king d' Italie by the grace of God and the will of the Nation ”. Only the Venetian kingdom and Rome still escape its influence.
1876 : Marshall Brooks carries the world records of high jump to 1.83 Mr.
- 1896 : The Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Cambric Grâce (Northern) is set up in minor basilica by the Pape Leon XIII.
1909 : France: the strike of the post-office employees, which lasts until the May 22nd, will give the opportunity to check the firmness of Georges Clémenceau, called the “ fusillor of the working class ” since the repression of Villeneuve-Saint-Georges (July 30th 1908).
1911 : China: Law prohibiting the smokings of opium as well as the ill treatments with the prisoners.
1950 : Willie Pep preserves its world title of the Feathers vis-a-vis Ray Famechon .
1960 : A plane Lockheed L-188 of the company Northwest the East Airlines crashe in Such City and keep silent its 63 passengers and team members.
- 1966 :
1970 : The principal defendant is the major general Samuel Koster , superintendent of the military academy of West Point.
1973 : An officer of the Kampuchean air force conceals a plane and attacks the presidential palace of Phnom-Penh: the marshal Lon Nol, Head of the State, is unscathed, but a score of people are killed.
- 1986 : Jean-Marc Boivin connects in 20:00 the 4 faces north of the Massif of Mont Blanc: Green the , the Lines , Short the and the Large Jorasses.
1988 : A Colombian plane is crushed, killing 137 people.
- an bomb attack, charged to the Hezbollah, aims the embassy of Israel at Buenos Aires, making 28 died and 240 wounded.
- in South Africa, the president Frederik De Klerk obtains a clear mandate of the electorate to put an end to the Apartheid in its country and to open the doors of the capacity in the majority black.
- the Bosnian government and the Serbes of Bosnia sign, under the aegis of UNO, an far-sighted agreement the opening of roads inside and around Sarajevo.
- Beginning of the lawsuit of Paul Touvier, chief of the Milice Lyon is born during the Second world war.
- to celebrate its bicentenary, Schweppes exposes a giant bottle: 3 m in height, 3,5 m of circumference and 2250 liters of capacity.
- the pope launches its first CD " Abba Lord's Prayer " as well as a video. Jean-Paul II reads there psalms, Gospels or prayers on bottom of African musics, Slavic liturgies or Celtic flutes.
- the International Olympic committee (CIO) excludes the six members implied in the corruption scandal relating to attribution from the OJ of winter of 2002 with Salt Lake City.
- Ford repurchases the mark Land Rover with BMW.
- Dr. Michel Garretta , former director of the National center of the blood transfusion (CNTS), is put in examination in the financial shutter of the file known as of contaminated blood.
- the sect of the " Restoration of the ten commands of God " directed by Joseph Kibwitere orders the collective suicide by the fire from 400 to 500 people including 80 children in Uganda.
- Lars Frolander carries the world records of the 100 m butterfly to 50 S 44.
- Roman Sloudnov carries the world records of the 100 m brews to 58 S 51.
- Therese Alshammar carries the female world records of the 100 m freestyle to 52 S 17.
- Nicolas Fontaine , Québécois athlete, becomes champion of the World cup of hot-dogging for the fourth year of at a stretch.
- 2002 : For the Holy Patrick, saint of the Irish, the brewer Guinness decides to use a novel mode of publicity while offering to a certain number of Pub, in the world, of the green contact lenses for the barmands and waiters of the Pubs.
- the the United States, the Great Britain and the Spain withdraw their draft Resolution on the Iraq, thus renonçant to obtain a support of UNO for a war in Iraq; the president George W. Bush gives a 48 hours deadline to Saddam Hussein to leave the Iraq, or else an military intervention will be launched against its country.
- Robin Cook, British Minister for the Relations with the Parliament resigns of its station to protest against the position of alégence of the Great Britain to the the United States in the problem of the Iraq.
- PEN Hadow share of the Canada to reach the magnetic North pole, only and without assistance. It arrives there the May 19th 2003.
- France: The two legislative assemblies (Parliament and Senate) assemble themselves in Congress to ratify the constitutional revisions on the decentralization and the European warrant for arrest.
- the raft in reed, " Viracocha II " , leaves Vina del Mar (Chile) to try the crossing of the Pacific of is in west and to rejoin the Australia in six months of navigation.
- Business Elf: beginning of the Elf lawsuit in front of the magistrates' court of Paris.
- Élection of Rene Girard with the French Academy with armchair 37.
- the Palestinian factions joined together with the Cairo agrees to prolong the Cessez-le-feu with Israel until end 2005 and n the other hand requires the end of Israeli violences against the Palestinians and the release of the prisoners.
2007 : Clap of thunder announcing a love at first sight after 15 years of waiting
- 1231 : Shijō, 87e Emperor of Japan.
- 1473 : James IV king d' Écosse († 1513)
- 1628: François Girardon, French sculptor († 1715)
- 1665: Elisabeth Jacquet of the War, musician and Harpsichord French ist († June 27th 1729)
- 1741: William Withering, Doctor and British Botanist , celebrates for its discovery of the Digitaline († 1799).
- 1751 : Anders Dahl, Botanist Swedish († 1789).
- 1754 : Jean-Marie Roland of the Water-splash, revolutionary French.
- 1776 : Jean Marois, aide-de-camp of Napoleon, deputy of the English Channel
- 1795: Jacques Louis Randon, Count, marshal of France
- 1808: Robert Alfred Cloyne Godwin-Austen, British geologist († November 25th 1884).
- 1820 : Jean Ingelow, British poet († 1897)
- 1834: Gottlieb Daimler, German engineer († March 6th 1900)
- 1862: Silvio Gesell, Belgian economist († 1930)
- 1881: Walter Rudolf Hess, Swiss neurophysiologist .
- 1883 : Urmuz, Rumanian writer († 1923)
- 1884: Alcide Nunez, clarinetist of American jazz († 1934)
- 1892: Benjamin Drake Van Wissen, Australian engineer.
- 1894 : Paul Green, American writer († 1981)
- 1895: Shemp Howard, actor († 1955)
- 1900: Carl Mygind, zoology and Norwegian author
- 1907: Takeo Miki, 66e Prime Minister of Japan between the December 9th 1974 and the December 24th 1976, born in the prefecture of Tokushima, († November 4th 1988).
- 1908 : Brigitte Helm, German actress († 1996)
- 1913: Clay Shaw, business man of the New-Orleans, accused of the assassination of the president John F. Kennedy († August 14th 1974)
- 1916: Ray Ellington, British singer († 1985)
- 1918: Mercedes McCambridge, American actress († 2004)
- 1919: Nat King Cole, American singer . († February 15th 1965)
- 1926: Siegfried Lenz, German writer
- 1936 :
- François Heilbronner, Tax inspector and business man French
- Ladislav Kupkovic, Slovak type-setter
- Ken Mattingly, astronaut
- 1938: Rudolf Noureev, Russian principal dancer . († January 6th 1993)
- 1946: Lindsay Owen-Jones, chairman of L'Oreal, French
- 1949 :
- 1951 :
- Alain Vidalies, politician French, born with Grenade-on-the Adour in the Moors.
- Kurt Russell, American actor
- 1955: Gary Sinicizes, actor and American realizer , cofounder of the Steppenwolf Theater of Chicago, born in Blue-Island in the Illinois.
- 1959 : Willy Demeyer, Belgian politician of French language
- 1964: Rob Lowe, American actor
- 1972: Melissa Auf der Maur, bass player, Canadian born with Montreal, in the " group; Hole ", then " Smashing Pumpkins ".
- 1973 : Caroline Corr, Irish musician of the " group; The Corrs ".
- 1973 : Hafid Aggoune, writer French.
- -45: Titus Labienus, military Roman
- 180: Marc Aurèle, Roman Emperor (° April 26th 121).
- 493: Holy Patrick, patron saint of the Ireland
- 1040: Harold Ier Rabbit-foot clover, king d' Angleterre.
- 1058 : Lulach Ier known as Lulach Insane the king d' Écosse since the August 15th 1057, beautiful son of Macbeth which it succeeded.
- 1111 : Bohémond de Tarente or Bohémond Ier d' Antioche Large the , prince of Antioche, with Canossa-di-Puglia, in Apulie (Pouilles).
- 1272 : Go-Saga, Emperor of Japan (° April 1st 1220)
- 1425: Yoshikazu Ashikaga, shogun of Japan (° August 27th 1407)
- 1516: Julien de Médicis, duke of Nemours (° 1478)
- 1542: Angelo Beolco, known as Ruzzante or Ruzante , writer, Playwright and actor Italy N of the 16th century. (° v. 1496)
- 1660: François VI of Rochefoucauld, one of the large actors of the Sling (° September 15th 1613)
- 1704: Menno van Coehoorn, Dutch military engineer (° 1641)
- 1715: Gilbert Burnet, British theologist (° September 18th 1643)
- 1741: Jean-Baptiste Rousseau, French poet (° April 6th 1671)
- 1782: Daniel Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (° February 9th 1700)
- 1828: James Edward Smith, British botanist (° December 2nd 1759)
- 1830: Laurent de Gouvion-Saint-Cyr, Marshal of Empire French (° May 13rd 1764)
- 1846: Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel, astronomer and German mathematician (° July 22nd 1784)
- 1849: Guillaume II of the Netherlands, king of the Netherlands and large-duke of Luxembourg (° December 6th 1792)
- 1853: Christian Doppler, mathematician and Austrian physicist , discoverer of the Doppler effect (° November 29th 1803)
- 1890: Władysław Taczanowski, zoologist Polish (° March 1st 1819)
- 1891: Pierre-Jules Hetzel, writer and editor French (Jules Verne) (° January 15th 1814)
- 1893: Jules Ferry, politician French (° April 5th 1832)
- 1917: Franz Brentano, philosopher and German psychologist (° January 16th 1838)
- 1926: Alexeï Broussilov, General Russian then Soviet (° August 3rd 1853)
- 1937: Austen Chamberlain, British political personality , Nobel Prize of peace 1925 (° October 16th 1863)
- 1956: Irene Joliot-Curie, French physician , Nobel Prize of physics (° September 12th 1897)
- 1957: Ramon Magsaysay, president of the Filipino (° August 31st 1907)
- 1970: Michał Kalecki, economist Polish (° June 22nd 1899)
- 1976: Luchino Visconti, Italian realizer (° November 2nd 1906)
- 1978: Raoul Motoret, French writer
- 1983: Haldan Keffer Hartline, physiologist states-unien, Nobel Prize of medicine 1967 (° December 22nd 1903)
- 1990: Nasturtium ( German Lefebvre ), French actress (° January 6th 1928)
- 1992: Jack Arnold, American realizer (° October 14th 1916)
- 1993: Helen Beam, actress states-unienne (° October 10th 1900)
- 1996: Rene Clement, realizer French (° March 18th 1913)
- 1997: Robert A. Rushworth, astronaut of USAF (° October 9th 1924)
- 2000: Carl Mygind, zoology and Norwegian author,
- Czesław Słania, prolific engraver of postage stamps Polish (° October 22nd 1921)
- George F. Kennan, diplomat and historian states-unien (° February 16th 1904)
- Andre Norton, writer American of Fantasy and Science fiction. (° February 17th 1912)
- 2006: Oleg Cassini (92 years), American designer . (° April 11th 1913).
- 2007 : John Backus, American researcher , inventor of FORTRAN.
- Festival of Saint-Patrick: National festival Irish.
Catholic and orthodoxe saints of the day
- Patrice of Ireland or Patrick († 461), bishop.
- Alexis the Man of God († 411), recluse in Rome.
- Gertrude de Nivelles (+ 659), abbess in the Brabant.
Beats-smg: Kuova 17 Be-X-old: 17 сакавіка Fiu-vro: 17. urbõkuu päiv Nds-nl: 17 meert Simple: March 17 Zh-yue: 3 月 17 號
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