See also: Manila (homonymy)
1571 : Foundation of the city by the Spanish López de Legazpi. Spaniards settle there.
- 1898 : The the United States declare the war in Spain and destroy the Spanish fleet. Americans settle there. The patriots react and begin a second national liberation war. The American repression which s´ensuit is extremely brutal. Thus, the Americans decide to destroy any trace d hispanism, not only has Manila, pro-Hispanic bastion of culture, but also in all the archipelago.
- 1942 : At the time of the expansion of the Japanese empire, the imperial troops seize Manila and establish a military, tyrannical and corrupted domination there, after a conquest having involved many exactions of which the walk of died of Bataan.
- 1945 : In February, the city is the seat of a massacre of great width where at least: 100000 civilians are carried out by the forces of the Armée imperial Japanese woman.
- the Filipino government settles again in Manila. Roxas Acuna is elected there president and Elpidio Quirino vice-president.
- 1946 : After the Japanese invasion, Americans return to settle in Manila.
TerminologyThe city was a long time divided into a colonial, strengthened and populated city European colonists, Manila strictly speaking, now indicated Intramuros and Binondo , the indigenous city, that of the Indios , more populated. In the Spanish vocabulary of the 16th century, the term Indio designates any native of one of the Spanish possessions of the Nouveau World and, by extension, of the territories colonized after the discovery of America, including in Asia.
DemographyToday, the capital gathers a great number of suburban districts in the entity of Metro Shackled of which the total population exceeds the 10 million inhabitants. The municipality of Manila to the direction own account 1,6 million inhabitants.
Places of interestThe capital presents a very contrasted aspect and a third of the inhabitants of Subway Shackled lives in Bidonville S. On southern bank of the Pasig river, extends the Manila cigar old man, founded in 1571 by the Spaniards, who preserved surprising examples of architecture of the XVIIe century and an enclosure going back to 1590. The cathedral San Agustin was rebuilt six times between 1581 and 1879. Most of the old city was destroyed at the time of the Second world war. The city also has buildings modern, inspired of architecture North-American or dating from the Marcos era.
UniversitiesManila is today an important university center and cultural. The universities are the following ones:
- University of Saint Thomas (1611)
- University of the Philippines (1908), catholic
- University of Manila (1913), university of State
- University of the Filipino Women (1919)
- University of the Room
- University of the Far East (1928)
- University of Handbook L. Quezon (1947)
- Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila (1967), considered as one of most prestigious of Philippines.
EconomyThe city is the shopping mall, administrative and cultural of Philippines. The roads of Manila shelter an important seaport, equipped with a modern outer harbor being able to accommodate largest tonnages. Manila belongs to the Metro unit Shackled (Metropolitan Manila Area), a gigantic conurbation created in 1975 by the meeting of 14 cities. Its agglomeration concentrates more half of the industrial activity of the country, diversified around, press (coconut oil), rice manufacture, sugar refinery, tobacco factory (cigars and cigarettes), plywood, the work ironworks of leather, the industry of the shoe, the textiles and of derived from hemp.
Transport in Manila
- Subway of Manila
- List of the stations of the subway of Manila
External communicationsInternational airport Ninoy Aquino
- Air Macau (Macau)
- Air Niugini (HongKong, Moresby Port)
- Asiana Airlines (Busan, Seoul-Incheon)
- Cathay Pacific (HongKong)
- Cebu Pacific (Bangkok, HongKong, Jakarta on January 31st, 2007, Kuala Lumpur, Seoul-Incheon, Singapore)
- Clouded Airlines (Kaohsiung, Taipei-Taiwan Taoyuan)
- China Southern Airlines (Beijing, Guangzhou, Xiamen)
- Continental Airlines
- Emirates (Dubai)
- Etihad Airways (Abu Dhabi)
- EVA Air (Taipei-Taiwan Taoyuan)
- GULF Air (Manama, Muscatel)
- Japan Airlines
- JALways (Tokyo-Narita)
- Jetstar Asia Airways (Singapore)
- KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (Amsterdam)
- Korean Air (Seoul-Incheon)
- Kuwait Airways (Bangkok, Kuwait)
- Lufthansa (Frankfurt)
- Malaysia Airlines (Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur)
- Northwest Airlines (Strait, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Nagoya-Centrair, Tokyo-Narita)
- Qantas (Brisbane, Sydney)
- Qatar Airways (Doha)
- Royal Brunei (Bandar Seri Begawan)
- Saudi Arabian Airlines (Dammam, HongKong, Jeddah, Riyadh)
- Singapore Airlines (Singapore)
- Thai International Airways (Bangkok, Osaka-Kansai)
Final 2 Final Centennial
- North Wing
- Filipino Airlines (Bangkok, Beijing, Busan, Fukuoka, Guam, Ho Chi Minh City, HongKong, Honolulu, Jakarta, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Melbourne, Nagoya-Centrair, Okinawa, Osaka-Kansai, San Francisco, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei-Taiwan Taoyuan, Tokyo-Narita, Vancouver, Xiamen)
- Filipino Airlines (Bacolod, Butuan, Cagayan de Oro, Cebu, Cotobato City, Davao, Dipolog, General Santos, Iloilo, Kalibo, Laoag, Legazpi, Puerto Princesa, Roxas City, Tacloban, Tagbilaran, Zamboanga)
- Air Philippines (Bacolod, Cagayan de Oro, Cebu, Davao, Dumaguete, General Santos, Iloilo, Naga, Puerto Princesa, Tugueragao, Zamboanga)
Shackled Domestic Passenger Terminal
- Asian Spirit (Angeles City, Baguio, Basco, Busuanga, Calbayog, Catarman, Davao, Malay, Masbate, Pagadian (seasonal), San Fernando, San Jose (Antique), Surigao, Virac)
- Cebu Pacific (Bacolod, Butuan, Cagayan de Oro, Cebu, Cotabato City, Davao, Dipolog, Dumaguete, General Santos, Iloilo, Kalibo, Laoag, Legazpi, Puerto Princesa, Roxas City, Tacloban, Tagbilaran, Zamboanga City)
- Interisland Airlines (Malay, Tablas)
- South East Asian Airlines (Angeles, Basco, Busuanga, El Nido, Malay, Taytay)
Large the Manila cigarList municipalities constituting the metropolitan Aire of Manila (Subway Shackled)
Internal bondsFoundation Virlanie, action near the children of the streets of Manila
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