Mandarin (civil servant)
A Mandarin was a Fonctionnaire of the Chinese Empire. The term comes from the Portuguese mandarim (minister or adviser), and from the word into old Sanskrit mandari (commander) used to translate the Chinese word guan (官). An alternative theory supports that the word comes from Chinese mandaren (满大人), indicating official a Manchu. The word is also used to refer to the Chinese language of north, this language having been of use among the civils servant lasting the dynasties Ming and Qing.
In occident, the term “Mandarin” is associated to the official well-read men, plunged in poetry, the literature and the lessons of Confucius, in addition to the duties of the civil service.
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