Managua is the capital of the Nicaragua and the department of the same name, located close to the Pacific Ocean.
HistoryThe official name of the town of Managua is Leal Villa of Ciudad de Managua, and comes from Mana-ahuac , which means " near to the eau" or " surrounded by eau" in language Nahuatl. The city rises today on an inhabited area by the Indian tribues of the centuries before the Spanish conquest of the Central America in XVIe century.
It is only in 1857, after Granada was destroyed by an army of American mercenaries carried out by William Walker, that the capital of the country was established in Managua. Between 1852 and 1930 Managua knew an important phase of urbanization, becoming a center of government, infrastructures and services. The city sudden of important floods in 1876 and 1885 as well as a fatal earthquake in 1931, which destroyed most of the city. Under the reign of the dictator Anastasio Somoza García and of his family (1936 - 1979), it increases quickly. New governmental buildings were set up, developed industry, and a built university; Managua became the most developed city of Central America. Unfortunately, the city undergoes a second major earthquake the December 23rd 1972, which again destroyed most of the city. Although it was rebuilt quickly, it never found its last statute. The earthquake incentive of many inhabitants of Managua to going to be established in suburbs, and by fear of a new earthquake, the downtown area was never entirely rebuilt.
Social situationCurrently, several districts (barrios) of the city are with the catches with difficult social situations. Inter alia, the Acahualinca district, located at the accesses of the Lake Managua (lago of Managua) is stripped enough. He is recognized for his enormous municipal dump of the name of Chureca which extends on more than 13 kilometers length. In this dump live to three thousand children who work to collect materials which can be recycled such as the paperboard, aluminum as well as the plastic. One finds in this dump (basurero municipal of Managua) a small school of the restricted capacity of a hundred students. Small educational establishment is under the responsibility of a evangelic religious community. The district of Acahualinca is often disadvised to the foreign visitors, because it shelters the trust of the capital. However, several community agencies work in this part of the city. One finds inter alia a center of young people associate to YMCA which is named: ACJ (asociacion cristiana of jovenes). Moreover, more close to the dump two masonries for the hard-working children are and the organization bears the name of " back generaciones". The statistical data on the population of the districts of Managua are quasi non-existent with the result that we are unaware of how much are those which do not attend educational establishments, or how much children work in the hell of the dump. The births are not recorded, and the social structures are in decrepitude.
The currency used with Managua, as in all Nicaragua, is Córdoba in the honor of the captain Francisco Hernandez Córdoba who combatit for these grounds. But, it is called also " peso"
The leisures and the entertainments in the city are varied, there are many places all along the principal zones. De Linda Vista (western) moving towards the south towards Shingles Rosa, the new center of the city, called in the Nineties as such, going even further to the south with Zona Viva in Galerias and of the places more traditional as Bello Horizante where the visitor can find mariachis to listen to and give the serenade.
the transport system with Managua is to date obsolete, with old bus in the capital. in the past there was a railway line through along the capital but in the Nineties it was dismantled.
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