It was the theater of violent one confrontations at the time of the catch of Madrid during the Guerre of Spain.
HistoryThe birth of Majadahonda is not very sure there well that one thinks it that they were shepherds of segovianos, by century XIII, those which were based in the zone and built few fuselages. With the wire of time, these houses were multiplied causing later a village called modest Majadahonda, initially relating to the “country of Segoviano” and the “ground of Madrid”. These facts would help to explain the origin of the name since “the limit of the majada” means that the “sector or the esplanade in which it takes joins together the shelter or him the cattle is assembled”, mainly, of the cattle. Some archaeological results, specifically, the aspect of the remainder of a Roman-visigodo city can be used to base the idea that it was a place populated of long-term before although it was later uninhabited. It took place in century XVI when Majadahonda starts to become a village in conditions already, with a census of 400 inhabitants. Some of them had like facing the last name, Montero, Rojas or Labrandero, the last names which always last in the locality. At the end of this century already almost two hundred houses, inhabited by approximately 800 majariegos existed. It is interesting to underline it like, in important literary work of century XVII, mentions already Majadahonda. Two examples of him are the famous creation of Miguel de Cervantes, “hidalgo clever Don Quixote de Mancha” (second part, chapter XIX) or “the small robber” of Francisco de Quevedo. The core of the village was the seat, of which around they were the church of Santa Catherine, a small hospital and a modest inn. The city has advanced through the streets San Roque, truth and Christ. In century XVII a spectacular reduction of population took place, as soon as the override means a thousand of inhabitants as much to the principles that at the end of the century. It is indicated that then Majadahonda was on the edge of the sale, as took to him the ordering of Boadilla de Monte and Pozuelo de Aravaca (Pozuelo de Alarcón, after the sale). However, the protest of the made neighbors effect as a King Felipe IV and the operation did not bear fruit. With the change of the dynasty, and already entered the century of the lights, a demographic increase takes place considerable, until leaving it in 800 neighbors according to the census of Floridablanca. The majority was workers of day, in opposition to a minority from rich farmers and unloaded abroad. The bread and the firewood, that were sold in Madrid, were their principal arms of trade. The relations with the King Felipe V were then very good, obtaining even that it was compensated with the majariegos with 3.000 truths those at the year by the damage these hunting in the frame of brown caused. In the return, the inhabitants of the village reached this firewood of its pre were cut to make cook 600.000 bricks to build the true palate. The great route constitutes a new symbol of city-planning of century XIX of Majadahonda (Madrid) did not start with the good foot for the inhabitants of Majadahonda. The bad harvests, the plague, and the effects of the wars, left the almost afflicted city. In 1812, during the war of Spanish independence, the troops of Wellington practically faced the French in Majadahonda, leaving very demolished. The ecclesiastical and civil confiscation supposed the sale of much ground, acquired by the oligarcas and the noble powerful one. One of them, the marchioness of little laid out, built a place of stop with train in its property, which had with its position with the companies of the railroad. This one is the origin of the current station of the vicinities of the locality. In century XIX electricity arrived to Majadahonda, and with it of the leisure and booms, employee mainly in the casino. But the Spanish civil war supposed a new misfortune, and of 1936 to 1939 it was not left a heart in Majadahonda. Those which to return when finishing it war to find with one to devastate a city where almost no building being still above. Then a new city was built, at the two sides in the broad way, clearly differentiating the old helmet from the linear type of the plane in the grid. Throughout the Sixties one took place a process of urban increase in transformation and population. Majadahonda leaves the agricultural activities and this becomes residential place and of the services. The arrival of people is so massive that they must asphalt the streets with the race, build the sewage system, create schools and hospitals. In 1970 they seem around the road of the plantation per series of urbanizations of “garden of city”, with much of supplies house with unifamiliar. Soon the urbanizations leaning in the open houses of block and unifamiliares would emerge which prevails nowadays. The political changes reflected faithful in Majadahonda, that votes in favor of the constitution of 1978. In the first municipal elections, old oligarchy loses the power, and a new stage at the municipal council is open. Arrival of the democracy the city did not cease developing, on arrival to the 40.000 of year 2.000. The city that I increased in all directions, to become the richest localities of any Community of Madrid, being third in the rent per capita.
- Official site of the city
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