The term Sanskrit maithuna indicates the erotic representations with character explicitly illustrated on the Indian temples. This term derives from the word mithuna which means: couples, even, union, coupling. The significance of these sculptures is not clearly elucidated and can vary according to the context: favourable reason related to fruitfulness, representation of ritual tantric, evocation of the union enters the individual heart and the divine one… According to certain texts, they would have even the role to move away the lightning from the temple, the lightning being regarded as a particularly modest female entity.
Maithuna indicates also the tantric practice of the sexual pressure at spiritual ends, called Karmamudra. Buddhism Tibetan presents an analog called Yab-Yum which does not have however a sexual connotation, as a union of the wisdom of the Vacuité, and the average skilful of the Compassion, female and male respectively
etymologyAccording to the dictionary in line " Sanskrit Dictionary" Heritage; of Gerard Huet, the word means:
मैथुन maithuna mithuna N. union, association; marriage | coupling, copulation, coitus.
of mithuna A. Mr. N. formant couples - N. couples, even; iconographic arch. topic of the couple in love | union, coupling | astr. sign zodiacal of the Gemini.
root: mith v. pr. (methati) ABS. (mithitvā) to couple itself.
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