Mainz (in German: Mainz , in Latin: Moguntiacum ), town of Germany, capital, district and more big city of the Land of the Rhineland-Palatinat (Rheinland-Pfalz). Surrounded by vineyards, it is located on left bank of the the Rhine, opposite the mouth of the Main.
Mainz is an old Roman city , a university town and a Archevêché; its archbishop was formerly one of the voters of the Saint Germanic Roman Empire. It is also the seat of many media companies. It is surrounded by important cities like Mannheim, Darmstadt, Wiesbaden and Frankfurt.
Sit various great media
At Mainz various large chains of television and radio allemandes sit:
- ZDF ( Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen ), the second channel of German public television,
- 3sat, international German-speaking public television channel comparable with TV5,
- Südwestrundfunk (SWR), radio and television public of ARD of the Land of the Rhineland-Palatinat and Bade-Wurtemberg
- the private television channel SAT.1 also sat there until in 1999. It sits now at Berlin.
GeographyMainz is located on Western bank of the the Rhine which forms its urban border is.
The town of Mainz is divided into 15 districts:
- Schott AG
- Editor Schott Music S.A.
- Gebr. Alexander
- Mainz Hauptbahnhof
- river Ports of Mainz
- Werner & Mertz
- Archer Daniels Midland, Huile laughs
- WEPA, Toilet paper
- International Business Machines Corporation
- Novo Nordisk Germany
- Moguntia, mill of the spices
- Ditsch, production industrial of the Bretzel S
- Written press Verlagsgruppe Rhein Main
- Éditeur Philipp von Zabern
- German Siége of Keolis
The colors of the weapons of Mainz are those of the bishop of Mainz, Gueules (red) and of money (white). Two white wheels connected by a of the same cross color on red bottom are the armorial bearings of Mainz.
See also: History of Mainz
Mainz and FranceFollowing the progression towards the East of the armies and the ideas of the French revolution, a République of Mainz was proclaimed on March 18th, 1793, requiring its annexation of France the 21 and obtaining it the 30. This Republic of Mainz was the first democracy on the German ground. This event is commemorated on November 11th of each year, 11 symbolizing the currency of republican France: ELF (eleven in German) giving initial " Equality, Freedom, Fraternity. The general Adam Philippe de Custine must however move back in front of the Prussian projection and Mainz is lost the same year.
See also: Head office of Mainz (1793)
Then in 1797, transitory a République cisrhénane was proclaimed on September 5th (the Treaty of Campo-Formio ratifying the occupation of left bank of the Rhine), but on November 4th, 1797 the Directory creates the department of the Mount-Thunder, organized on January 23rd, 1798 (stopped of the 4 pluviôse year VI). This department was officially integrated into the French territory on March 9th, 1801 and existed until the dismantling of the Empire in 1814. On the councils of its minister, by decree of the Consuls of the 3 nivôse year IX (December 23rd, 1802), Napoleon restores the Chambers of commerce removed in 1791 and created of them 10 news, Mainz bénéficiè of a Room. Bonaparte named Jean Bon Saint-Andrew Préfet of Mount-Thunder and baron André Jeanbon Saint Andre created it. He died there of the Typhus.
After the First World War, and as far as 1930, Mainz is re-occupied by the French (see Rhenish République). Again in 1945 Mainz is under administration of France, with the limit of the zones of French and American occupation. Today the House of Burgundy and the House of France (in the past French Institute) located at the Palate Schönborn, are charged, through linguistic and cultural programs (CinéMayence in particular), to maintain the friendly relations between Mainz and France.
CultureAs a city of the Great Area, Mainz takes part in the program of the Européenne year of the Capitale of the Culture 2007 .
And the Literature Academy of Science of Mainz
The Stiftung Lesen (in French “Foundation Lira”) is a German foundation with educational, cultural and social vocation, of national radiation. It is based in Mainz. Mainz accommodated in 2006 the sixteenth festival Europa Cantat
Festivities mayençaisesMainz likes to have fun the festival. And perhaps even more intensely than any other city.
CarnivalWith the beginning of the year, the Bouffons transform the merry metropolis into one of the high places of the carnival. The procession of Rosenmontag, famous in the whole world, is made iridescent of thousand colors chatoyantes. It represents perfectly this respect of the traditions, if expensive in Mayençais.
See also: Carnival of Mainz
Saint John's dayThe night of Midsummer's Day of Mainz also attracts in the many old city visitors of the close and remote areas. This festival is organized with the memory of the most famous son of the town of Mainz, Johannes Gutenberg, which invented printing works with mobile letters in 1450 in Mainz.
Market with the winesPleasant wine stands and of creaming area will invite to stroll in the municipal Parc of Mainz in a romantic and merry atmosphere. Those which seek artisanal objects or simply entertainment, will be filled by the market of the craft industry in the Roseraie, by the large wheel in the park Volkspark or by the spectacular final fireworks of Sunday evening.
Beer festivalSince 2005, the Beer festival is a new reason to feast in Mainz.
- Museum of the Land
- Museum Gutenberg
- Museum of natural history
- Museum of history of the city
- Museum of the regional carnival
- Museums of Mainz (also districts)
- Roman-Germanic central Museum
- Museum of ancient navigation
- episcopal Museum of the cathedral and the diocese
- Musée at the house Kupferberg
- Musée of the garrison is Forteresse Mainz
Buildings, Places and other Monuments
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GastronomyMainz, surrounded by vineyards of the hesse-Rhenish is of Rheingau, is very known for its Vin. But of other specialities the flat small goods of formerly recall. These mets are to be tasted in the Woistub, restaurants typically mayençais, with the intimate framework and cordial environment.
The hurdy-gurdy city has many small restaurants and woistub. One eats there well, in quality as in quantity. The area is rich in products of the soil.
The wines of Hesse Rhenish are present in most of the area. A route was named Route of Weinterrasse. The wines of hesse-Rhenish the, cultivated on the hills of the triangle Mainz, Alzey and Worms, profits from a microclimate hot and shone upon at the origin of the large variety of Cépage S, it is called paradise of the wines. The wines can be consumed throughout a meal.
- the Riesling or the Pinot S is tasted with the Choucroute, the Volaille or the roast.
- Lastly, the velvety flavor and the fruity savor of the Gewürztraminer or the Siegerrebe (cultivated primarily in Germany) accompany with wonder the Pâtisserie or the Fromage.
Small the dishes impossible to circumvent are the Fleischwurst, containing pig, the Spundekäs and Handkäs with music (onions and vinaigrette). In addition to this family kitchen, mayençaises produces many refined mets, like the pork-butcheries very famous.
WoistubThe woistub, literally part with wine , restores best art of living mayençais. In the beginning, it is about a room open to the public allowing the owners, the producers, to run out the surplus of their production Viticole. The wine is served in Mainzer Stange , special glass, accompanied by small simple dishes.
Today, the woistub is the restaurant typically mayençais, by its spirit soil and bar. One finds there savors of formerly, the small dishes such as Spundekäs, Handkäs, Fleischwurst and the quenelles of liver. One eats there with the neck and neck on tables out of wooden. The woistub is a place where one still takes time to live.
- List of the mayors of Mainz
- List of the bishops of Mainz
- Personalities of Mainz
TwinningsMainz is twinned with cities of the whole world:
- (with the district Laubenheim )
There exists a common friendship in addition:
- Michelle Marty: Mainz, or deep Germany Crdp 1994
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