See also: the Loire
The department of Maine-et-Loire (49) is a French Département.
The department was created with the French revolution, the March 4th 1790 pursuant to the law of the December 22nd 1789, and corresponds to the major part of the province of Anjou. It was called initially the Mayenne-and-Loire , and became Maine-et-Loire the December 12th 1791.
Anjou formed part since the 16th century of the Généralité of Turns with the Touraine and the Maine.
The Généralité of Turns according to the general Payment of the January 24th 1789 (General states) was organized with a certain number of modifications which let predict the dismantling of the old royal provinces.
Indeed, on November 11th 1789, the Constituent Assembly abrupt the things by ordering to the deputies old provinces to act in concert, in order to set up a network of new departments of approximately 324 square miles, is 6.561 km actuels.
meetings are held at once in the hotel of the duke of Choiseul-Praslin, deputy of the nobility of the Seneschalsy of Angers. About thirty deputies (of the three provinces) present plan to reassign territories with the Poitou and to subdivide the field remaining in four departments, around the traditional capitals, Tours, Angers and Mans, and around the town of Laval, which would recover grounds of Maine and Anjou.
on November 12th 1789, 25 deputies (of the three provinces) approve this division, but the two representatives of Saumur, from Tool bags and Cigongne, dissociate from this decision. The Resident of Saumur pleads in favor of a department of Saumur located at the crossroads of the three provinces of Anjou, Touraine and Poitou, with Loudun for the division of the capacities. They show the representatives of Angers to get along with their colleagues of Maine and of Touraine for the cutting-up of the seneschalsy of Saumur. They also show them to give up in Touraine 24 parishes in the past angevines (around Castle-the-Vallière and of Bourgueil). Dissatisfaction grows, the manifest population of Bourgueil for her maintenance in Anjou and is solidarized with Saumur. During this time, the representatives of Chinon, following the example those of Saumur also try to create their own department. Discensions appear within the Municipal council of Saumur. Certain representatives of the Nobility and the Clergy approve the cutting suggested by Angers. In December of the same year, Loudunais break their agreement with Saumur.
on January 14th 1790, the National Assembly issues that " Saumur and the Resident of Saumur will belong to the department of Anjou ".
Integrated in the department of " the Mayenne-and-Loire " (future " Maine and the Loire "), Saumur tries to share with Angers the function of chief town. Having lost the part, the representatives of Saumur proclaim that the rotation between Angers and Saumur makes it possible to thwart the intrigues and the cabals which are born from the fixity…
on Monday, May 24 1790, they obtain 104 votes in favor of the rotation, but 532 votes decide in favor from a permanent headquarter in Angers. The new department is made up. The Constituent Assembly ratifies this structure on June 22nd 1790 and the King on June 25th 1790.
In order to calm the susceptibility of the Resident of Saumur, the 36 members of the new council of the department carry to their presidency Gilles Blondé of Bagneux (former mayor of Saumur). Thus until November 1791, the first president of the General advice of Maine-et-Loire, will be Saumurois.
Since this date, historical Anjou extends on the close departments:
- the Mayenne, one the Southern third of Mayenne, known as the Mayenne angevine.
- - the the Sarthe, area of the Maine angevin being located the Arrow at the West, Lude and until Castle-of-Dormouse in the East.
- - the Indre-et-Loire, area of Bourgueil to Castle-the-Vallière.
- - the Two-Sevres, Communes bordering at the department on Maine and the Loire.
- - Vienna area of Loudun and Mirebeau.
- - the Loire-Atlantique, angevine commune of the Mauges of Boissière-of-Gilded the.
GeographyThe department of Maine-et-Loire belongs to the area Pays of the Loire. It is bordering on the departments of Ille-et-Vilaine, of the Mayenne, the the Sarthe, Indre-et-Loire, the Vienna, the Two-Sevres, the the Vendée and the Loire-Atlantique. Department classified World heritage of humanity thanks to the Loire Valley and its many castles.
The Corniche Angevine is the zone located between the Chalonnes-on-Loire and the Rochefort-on-Loire.
Puy de Gardes (culminating point of the department) 210 meters.
The Maine-et-Loire has a moderate Climat of the oceanic type. The French poet Joachim of Bellay praised the “softness angevine” which it missed so much.
EconomyLeitartikel: Economy of the Maine-et-Loire
DemographyThe inhabitants of Maine-et-Loire are called Angevins (by analogy between the current department and the old province of Anjou which corresponded to him).
source: http://www.cg49.fr/medias/PDF/themes/decouvrir/demographie/geographie.pdf (Population without double accounts).
Leitartikel: Demography of Maine-et-Loire
Dialect angevinLeitartikel: Angevin
List few tourist places:
the Loire Valley with its castles (Loire ch4ateau), its parks and its flowers, registered voter with the World heritage by UNESCO
- the royal abbey of Fontevraud and the lying ones of the Plantagenêt
- the Tapestry of the Apocalypse to the castle of Angers (greater tapestry of the world)
- greatest concentration of troglodytes of Europe
- the vegetable park of Anjou, Terra Botanica
- the National school of horsemanship or Cadre Noir of Saumur, in Saint-Hilaire - Saint-Florent (regarded as one of prestidieuses the school ofEurope).
- the museum Cointreau, in St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre of Anjou, close to Angers.
- the most castle of France (Castle of Brissac)
- the twisted bell-towers of Baugeois
- the cross of Anjou to Wallow
- the largest visible collection of armoured tanks in France (museum with Saumur)
- the vastest vineyard of the Loire Valley (Vineyard of the Slopes of the Tailboard, Vineyard of Saumur, Vineyard of Saumur-Champigny…)
- the largest castle strong of France (Castle of Angers)
- the clubs of Boule of fort around Beaufort-in-Valley
- High-Anjou segréen tallies of the novel Vipère with the fist of Herve Bazin
- the castle of the Plessis-Stuffed tallies of Peau of Ass of Jacques Demy
- Terra Botanica, park with topic devoted to the plant (opening in 2010)
- the red handkerchiefs of Cholet created in remembering the tragedies episodes of the Guerre of the Vendée
- legendary softness angevine and the Castle of Turmelière to To read, remains of the poet Joachim of Bellay.
Some culinary specialities of the Kitchen angevine:
- Some drinks angevines: Wines of Anjou, Bonnezeaux, Thatch, Slopes of the Loire, Slopes of Aubance, Slopes of the Tailboard, Guignolet (Giffard, Combier, etc), Quarters of Thatch, Savennières, Wines of Thouarsais, dry Triple (Combier, Cointreau), Soup angevine…
List of the birds of Maine-et-Loire
- the Naturalists angevins
The Maine-et-Loire is a department anchored since of the decades in the moderate line current. the deputies since the Release were initially Gaullistes then member of the UDF or the RPR, to be unanimously member of the UMP during its creation in 2002. However at the time of the elections of June 17th, 2007 the election of a socialist deputy - Marc Goua - showed that the political slopes change there. This is socialogiquement explained socialogiquement by the fact why the population of the department is increasingly town.
List of the deputies of Maine-et-Loire
- List of the senators de Maine-et-Loire
- List of the general advisers of Maine-et-Loire
See the List of the prefects of Maine-et-Loire on the site of the prefecture of Maine-et-Loire
Intercommunalités of the Common Maine-et-Loire
- of the Maine-et-Loire
- Old communes of the Maine-et-Loire
- List of bridges of Maine-et-Loire
- the High-Anjou
- General advice
- Chart and text of the department in 1883, drawn from the Atlas of Vuillemin
- equestrian Departmental committee of Tourism
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