Its inhabitants is called the Magnycois .
SituationThe commune is located at approximately 12 km in the south-south-west of Versailles and at 23 km in the North-East of Rambouillet.
It is bordering on Montigny-le-Bretonneux, Neighbors-the-Bretonneux and Guyancourt in north, of Châteaufort to the east, Milon-the-Vault and Saint-Rémy-the-Chevreuse in the south and of Saint-Lambert and Trappes in the west.
It is included at the same time in the community of agglomeration of Saint-Quentin-in-Yvelines (old new Ville) and in the Regional natural park of the high valley of Chevreuse.
The commune is bordered in north by wood of Saint-Beno4it cheese and in the south by the forest of the Madeleine and the national forest of Port-Royal. The village and the majority of the hamlets are located on a plate at 160 m of altitude framed by the steepsided valleys of the Rhodon at the south and the Mérantaise at north, two small rivers affluents of the Yvette.
The plate of Magny-the-Hamlets is an old marshy plate, partly drained during the alteration work of the Château of Versailles at the 17th century, and little by little cleared in the following centuries. It remains today only little of traces of this past: the landscape is dominated by vast cereal fields, framed by the forests which cover the major part of the valleys of Mérantaise and Rhodon. To the east, the urbanization progresses little by little.
Divisions of the commune
In addition to the village (Magny-Village), historical heart of the commune, the commune includes/understands six today Hameau X: the Wood of the Rocks, Buloyer, Romainville, Brouessy, Villeneuve, and Gomberville. The fusion of several old hamlets following an important policy of urbanization around the old hamlet of Cressely created the current center of gravity of the commune and comprises several districts: the district of the Town hall (recent district which binds little by little Cressely and Gomberville), the Cross with the Boxwood, the Cressely Old man, the Lacoste Vault and the Bush. Among many the localities of the commune, one can in particular quote the Cross of Wood, the Pink Field, Mérantais, Port-Royal and the 25 Arpents.
The principal trade are today in the districts of the Bush and , Town hall Cressely; many companies are installed in the parks of activity of Gomberville, of the Wood of the Rocks, Magny-Mérantais and Young Wood.
Magny-villageHistorical heart of the commune, it is made up in great majority of stone-built houses Meulière, typical of the area. Structured around the Saint-Germain church, it is primarily directed towards the valley of Mérantaise, the plate of Magny having been until the 17th primarily marshy century.
It is the current center of the commune. Each one of its districts has its particular tonality. The trade and services are distributed primarily at the edge of the road of Versailles (secondary road 938), around the town hall (place Pierre Bérégovoy) and in the middle of the district of the Bush (place of the March 19th, 1962).
District of the Town hall
This district is composed of several allotments (houses, houses of city, buildings) recent (of the Années 1990 with today) and comprises a commercial zone and services around the town hall.
the Cross with the Boxwood
Residential district, the Cross with the Boxwood merges with the district of Beauplan with Saint-Rémy-the-Chevreuse, on the other side of the way of the Vault. It is separated from the district of the town hall by the road of Port-Royal of the Fields.
the Cressely Old man and the Vault Lacoste
These districts were built mainly after the Second world war. Composed mainly of modest particular houses in the center of small gardens, they keep a particular charm inherited the time when they were the districts of the second home of Paris iens in the search of a vacation resort at the same time within a framework peaceful and natural and close to Paris.
District created during the Years 1970, composed primarily of joint houses and buildings of less than four stages, mainly HLM. It comprises a commercial zone in its center, around the place of March 19th, 1962.
Buloyer, Romainville, Brouessy and Villeneuve
These 4 hamlets are traversed of west in is by the road of Port-Royal, which curve on the cereal plate of Magny. Structured around large farms in Grinding, they did not extend yet much beyond their historical limits and thus keep an authentic character.
GombervilleThis hamlet extended primarily thanks to a Zone from activity, which accommodates many SME. The historical hamlet (in Grinding, with in particular a farm Seedbed) is thus clearly separated from its recent extensions. The progression of the district of the town hall and the establishment of new companies in the zone of activity reduce little by little the separation of Gomberville of the current heart of the commune.
The Wood of the RocksOnly hamlet in the North-East of Mérantaise, it is not accessible by the road since the remainder from the commune without passing by another commune (Neighbors-the-Bretonneux or Châteaufort).
RoadsThe main axe of circulation is the secondary road 938 which passes in Cressely and led towards north to Châteaufort and Versailles and towards the south with Saint-Rémy-the-Chevreuse. The commune is crossed of is in west by the secondary road 195, known as road of Port-Royal of the Fields , which starts with Cressely and serves the major part of the hamlets of the plate in the south-west of Mérantaise, before finishing with the secondary road 91 which crosses the western end of the commune and connects Magny to Neighbors-the-Bretonneux and Chevreuse by Port-Royal. On the Toussus-the-Noble plate of (in the North-East of Mérantaise), the secondary road 36 serves the hamlet of the Wood of the Rocks and the zones of activity of Young Wood and Mérantais, connecting them to Montigny-le-Bretonneux and Saclay.
RailroadsOn the railway level, the station nearest is the station the RATP of Saint-Rémy-the-Chevreuse, terminus of the line B of the RER (zone Transport ticket 5), with a few kilometers of the center of the commune. Other stations are also accessible in public transport, mainly:
- stations of Versailles, in particular SNCF railway station of Versailles-Building sites (zone transport ticket 4), served by the RER C and the lines Transilien NR (Paris-Montparnasse) and U (Paris-Saint-Lazare),
- the SNCF railway station of Saint-Quentin-in-Yvelines (zone transport ticket 5).
Bus and busThe commune is included/understood in the zone Transport ticket 5, and is served by the networks SAVAC and SQYBUS.
The zone of activity of Mérantais is served by the following lines:
- because SAVAC 39.12 (Versailles - Guyancourt- Technocentre Renault - Magny-the-Hamlets Snecma),
- drunk SQYBUS 460 (Montigny-le-Bretonneux - Guyancourt - Magny-the-Hamlets),
- drunk SQYBUS 461 (Montigny-le-Bretonneux - Neighbors-the-Bretonneux - Magny-the-Hamlets).
- because SAVAC 262-03 (or 262 C, Versailles-Building sites - Châteaufort - Campus Nortel). -->
Airport, heliportThe airport nearest is that of Toussus-the-Noble (4 km), also equipped with a heliport; for the international flights the Aéroport of Orly is closest (approximately 30 minutes in the car, 1 hour in public transport).
Ways pedestrians and cycleMany country lanes, prohibited with the motor vehicles, furrow the commune and connect in particular the various hamlets and the neighbouring villages, beam fields, rivers and forests.
- la Feels Mollerayes
- la Feels at Dawn or Feels Neuve
- la Feels Buloyer with Voisins
- la Feels Romainville with Saint-Lambert
- la Feels the Pond-our-Lady or Villeneuve with Milon
- la Feels Magny with Chevreuse
- la Feels Roundwood or of Villeneuve with Châteaufort
- la Feels Vault of Coste with Châteaufort
- la Feels Châtaigniers
- la Feels leading to the Vienna Property and the cimetière
WaysCountry lanes supplement the paths and furrow the entirety of the commune:
- le Way of Port-Royal in Mesnil-Saint-Denis
- le Way of Port-Royal with Trap doors
- le Way known as “of the bottom of Port-Royal”
- le Way of Mollerayes or the Hedges of Buloyer
- le Way of the Plain of the Barns or Old way of Villepreux
- le Way of Port-Royal to Saint-Lambert
- le Green path or of Plantins
- le Way of the Red Cross with Beauregard
- le Way of Beauregard to Boulland
- le Way of Mocquesouris
- le Way of High Borne
- le Way of the Red Cross with Milon-the-Vault
- le Way-Green of Romainville
- le Way of Romainville with Villeneuve
- le Way of Magny with Milon or the Elm in Berger
- le Way of the High-Cup or Bosselin
- le Way of the White Cross with Châteaufort
- le Way of Pâtissiaux
- le Way of Mérancy to Geneste
- le Green path of Villeneuve
- le Way of the Bridge of Arche
- le Way of Vallée
- le Way of Magny with Mérantais
- le Way of Lavoir
- le Way of the Door of Mérantais
- le Way of the Door of Mérantais with Guyancourt or of the Elm of Enfer
- le Way of the Rocks of Mérantais
- le Way of Villeneuve with Gomberville
- le Way of Gomberville with Châteaufort
- le Way of Gomberville with Rhodon
- le Way of Gomberville to the Cross of Buis
- le Way of the Vault of Coste or Golds with Saint-Remy cheese
- le Way of Cressely with Aigrefoin
- le Way of Cressely in the funds of Cure
- le Way of the Lime kiln or the Turn of Côtes
- le Way of Débard
- le Way of the Caboche
- le Green path of Buloyer
Cycle tracks -->Certain streets, rehabilitated, are now equipped with cycle tracks.
HistoryAugust 1st The name of “Magny” comes from the Latin magnus , large , name which would come from wide from the commune (up to 12 km of length and 3 km of width), which covers the near total of the plate as well as part of the valley of Mérantaise. The commune was called “Magny-l' Essart” until in 1788, date on which it took its current name.
The commune is especially marked by the history of the abbey of Port-Royal-of-Fields (in the extreme west of the communal territory) which accommodated nuns cistercian born and was a high-place of the Jansénisme until in 1709, date of the expulsion of the nuns by Louis XIV.
Abbey of Port-Royal
See also: Port-Royal-of-Fields
The commune still presents some ruins of the Abbaye of Port-Royal. At the end of the plain of Trap doors, in a withdrawn small valley named Borroy , which, in Celtic, meant undergrowth, and which one makes Port-King , then Port-Royal , Eudes de Sully, in 1204, had joined together a community of nuns, equipped by the most powerful lords with time and directed in 1316 by Béatrix de Dreux, princess of the royal house; the Cloître had been abandoned during the long civil wars, and establishment, transferred to Paris, street Saint-Jacob, when, in 1630, the abbess Angélique Arnaud obtained that the community was withdrawn from the order of Cîteaux and was subject to a new rule whose base was the perpetual worship of the Blessed Sacrament.
The Mysticism of the news Doctrines, the deserved reputation of the founder attracted many followers to him; the convent of Paris which cannot contain them, one remembered the old cloister of the fields; several solitary piles, almost all parents or admirors of the mother Angélique Arnaud had been withdrawn there, to live there as Christian philosophers in the study and the meditation; they yielded the buildings of the old monastery, which were repaired, to the holy colony of the street Saint-Jacob; but they did not move away; the science and the talent of these men raised the piety and the virtue of the nuns; this glare became to them disastrous: doctrines of Jansénius, which they defended, were attacked and condemned by the pope Clément XI. Louis XIV, guided by the hostile competitions, exaggerated, in the execution, the rigors of the sentence: the establishment was shaven until in its bases, and persecution added a new gloss to famous of Port-Royal.
There does not remain any more abbey but the pond from which the Mérantaise leaves, small brook which passes to Mérantais and the bottom of Châteaufort before being thrown in the Yvette; the mill, the dovecote, part of the surrounding walls and turrets, cellars of the small palace that the Duchesse of Longueville had made there build, the fountain of Angélique Arnaud, and foundations of the walls of the church with the base of the pillars and the columns. In a small house (19th) which occupies the site of the bedside of the church, one piously joined together all plans, engravings of the old abbey, and remains of tombs.
Site of origin, only remain upright the farm (Barns of Port-Royal), attached a posteriori (1709) and the building of the Small Schools (17th century), accessible since 1962 the national museum of the Barns of Port-Royal.
Entry in the new cityAugust 1st
BlazonBlasonnement of Magny-the-Hamlets is “quartered, with the first and the gold fourth with three sand eaglets, with the second of azure to a vault of money ombrée of crimson, with the third of azure also to a sheaf of gold corn accompanied by a sinople tree at a peak” . On the blazon, which goes back to 1973, the eaglets recall Bouchard de Marly, first lord of Magny, the vault, the abbey of Port-Royal and the sheaf of corn and the tree, agriculture and the forest.
Culture and inheritanceAugust 1st Magny-the-hamlets belongs to the agglomeration of Saint-Quentin-in-Yvelines, Ville of art and history.
Architectural heritageAugust 1st
- Ruins of the castle-extremely of the 11th century (keep)
- Old Abbey of Port-Royal-of-Fields, founded in 1204, high place of the Jansénisme
- Church Saint-Germain: Gothic church of style of 12th and 15th centuries
- Door of Mérantais: it is one of the 43 doors which bored the enclosing wall of the “Grand park of Versailles” of Louis XIV, field of hunting of the king who covered 10 times the surface of the Parc of current Versailles (known as “Small Park”)
Environmental inheritanceAugust 1st Of an total surface area of 16,64 km ², the commune comprises 9,94 km ² green areas and arable lands, 3,16 km ² of wood and forests, and 0,12 km ² of stretch of water (ponds, ponds, rivers), is 80% of not urbanized surfaces.
MuseumsThe commune accommodates two museums within the Abbaye of Port-Royal-of-Fields:
- the National museum of the Barns of Royal Port , devoted to the history of the Jansénisme, located in the building of the Small Schools;
- the room Augustin Gazier , which presents various objects of the abbey close to the ruins from the abbey one.
One will be able to also discover on the site of the abbey of Port-Royal:
- ruins of the abbey (foundations of abbey, pigeon, old mill),
- the building of the Small Schools, built in 1651 by the Recluses of Port-Royal, to which a wing was added at the end of the 19th century,
- the home of the Recluses, which should accommodate the library of the museum soon and a research center devoted to jansénisme and the history of the spirituality,
- a small neo-gothic oratory (fine 19th century) built with the site of the bedside of old abbey, which accommodated the first museum, the
- the farm of the Barns, which was attached since 1709 to Port-Royal, where one can see the old barn with corn and a whole of agricultural buildings of 18th and 19th centuries, as well as the well known as of Pascal,
- an orchard (reconstitution of the orchard planted by Robert Arnauld d' Andilly, brother of the mother Angélique Arnauld withdrawn with the Fields) and of the historical gardens (kitchen garden, medicinal garden and bouquetier).
TheaterThe agglomeration of Saint-Quentin-in-Yvelines has its clean theater, located at Montigny-le-Bretonneux.
One can also quote the Théâtre Montansier with Versailles, directed a long time by Francis Perrin.
CinemasThe closest cinemas are with Montigny-le-Bretonneux (Jacques-Brel room, UGC Ciné Quoted WESTERN SQY), with the Ulis (UGC Ulis 2), with Versailles (Roxane and Cyrano) and with Vélizy (UGC Vélizy 2), and in Trappes (the Attic with Salt).
Other cultural placesAugust 1st
- Coffee-culture “the Pub”
- House of the Environment
Famous peopleAugust 1st
- Born or having grown with Magny-the-Hamlets
- Living or having lived with Magny-the-Hamlets
Statistical dataMagny accommodates 63 commercial companies and 157 craftsmen, who represent 2142 employment (given 1995).
DemographyThe population of common remains quasi-constant until the middle of the 20th century, around 450 inhabitants. The Glorious Thirty will see a first development of the commune, where are established many second home of Paris iens, which constitute nearly 30% of the dwellings in 1968. The development of the Parisian suburbs and the entry in the new Ville of Saint-Quentin-in-Yvelines will then make very quickly grow the number of inhabitants of the commune, growth which will be however slowed down by the entry in the Regional natural park of the high valley of Chevreuse (which fixes quotas maximum of construction) in 1985.
Since its entry in the new City of Saint-Quentin-in-Yvelines in 1973, Magny strongly urbanized, in particular in the east of the plate; the hamlets, initially articulated around firm-manors, were also extended by some allotments. Since 1985, Magny-the-Hamlets belongs to the Regional natural park of the high valley of Chevreuse. The strong real pressure thus could be partly contained, the participation in the park being conditioned with a certain number of engagements limiting the progression of the urbanization. The commune was thus the only one in France to form part at the same time of a new Ville and a Natural park, intercommunalities with the sometimes opposite goals.
Administrative statusLocated in the Canton of Chevreuse, the district of Rambouillet, the department of the Yvelines and the area Ile-de-France, Magny-the-Hamlets forms also part:
- of the Academy of Versailles (teaching),
- of the the Community of agglomeration of Saint-Quentin-in-Yvelines (ex- new City),
- of the Regional natural park of the high valley of Chevreuse,
- of SICTOM of Rambouillet (trade union of the household refuse).
- of Intercommunity association for the installation of the valley of the Yvette
- of the SIVOM Area of Chevreuse (swimming pool of Chevreuse)
Shopping malls, commercial lifeTwo shopping malls of intermediate size are on the territory of the commune:
- in the district of the town hall, around a supermarket Casino and of its appendix House & Decoration ,
- in the district of the Bush, around the place of March 19th, 1962.
A third shopping mall (Champion), moreover small size, is on the plate of Magny, in the Beauplan district of Saint-Rémy-the-Chevreuse.
Four great shopping malls (“regional”) are in the surroundings of Magny:
- the unit Spaces Saint Quentin + Western SQY (as well as the neighbouring trade) with Montigny-le-Bretonneux,
- Ulis 2 with the Ulis,
- Vélizy 2 with Vélizy,
- Parly 2 with the Chesnay.
One can also mention the retail parks of Coignières - Maurepas (RN 10), Plaisir - Clayes-under-Wood and of Holy-Genevieve-of-Wood.
Zones of activityFour zones of activities are on the communal territory:
- with the Wood of the Rocks (1978, 8,2 ha), bordered by RD 36, where the tertiary sector, nonpolluting light industries, and the research activities are allowed,
- in Gomberville (1980, 17,9 ha), where are allowed industries, tertiary sector, and storage; the park is primarily occupied by industrial SME and craftsmen, like by commercial SME at the edge of RD 195,
- in Mérantais (1986, 17,6 ha), where are accepted artisanal activities, tertiary, industrial or of service, which accommodates several seats of companies of reputation,
- with Young people Wood (1996, 23 ha including 6 on Magny, zone shared with Châteaufort), which accommodates tertiary sector and of high technology.
Large companiesThe commune accommodates large companies like Hilti, Colas (head office) and the Snecma within the park of Mérantais. The head office of the company Nortel is installed in the park of Young people Wood.
To live with Magny-the-HamletsMany associations, varied spheres of activity (culture, social, sport, etc), are present at Magny.
SportsThere are 28 sporting clubs with Magny. In addition, the commune has many sporting infrastructures:
- 2 gymnasia,
- 3 grounds of foot,
- 6 tennis courts,
- 1 ground of game of bowls,
- 1 ground for the shooting with the arc,
- 1 sporting surface for the practice of the skate, the roller and the tennis shoe.
Cultural lifeTwo religious organizations animate the site of Port-Royal and the coffee-culture of the commune.
Festivitiesthe diary of the various demonstrations can be found on the site of the town hall.
Places of worshipOf information on the worships catholic, protesting, Moslem, Jew and orthodoxe is available on the site of the town hall.
For the worship protesting, the commune is attached to the parish of the reformed Church of Rambouillet - Chevreuse - Montfort-l' Amaury.
Early childhoodthe relative informations with early childhood are available on the site of the town hall, here.
Nursery schoolsMagny counts 5 nursery schools:
- School Claude Debussy: street Gabriel-Perished (Cressely)
- School Francis James: 22, rue Hodebourg (Cressely/Le Bush)
- School Andre Gide: avenue of Aigrefoin (the Bush)
- School Small Prince: street of the Equality (the Cross with the Boxwood)
- School Jean-Baptiste Corot: street of the Schools Jean Baudin (Vault-Lacoste)
Elementary schoolsMagny counts 6 elementary schools:
- School Rosa Happiness: 4, rue Ernest-Chausson (Village)
- School Albert Samain: 9, rue des Écoles Jean Baudin (Vault-Lacoste)
- School Saint-Exupéry: street of the Equality (the Cross with the Boxwood)
- School Claude Debussy: street Gabriel-Perished (Cressely)
- School Andre Gide: avenue of Aigrefoin (the Bush)
- School Louise Weiss: 22, rue Hodebourg (Cressely/Le Bush)
CollegesThe commune has the college Albert-Einstein (10, rue Hodebourg). A private college of catholic teaching is with Montigny-le-Bretonneux.
CollegesMagny is attached to the college of Villaroy located at Guyancourt.
It is possible under certain conditions of being registered with the college of the Vallée de Chevreuse, located at the border between Gif-sur-Yvette and Saint-Rémy-the-Chevreuse.
Higher educationThe Université of Versailles-Saint-Quentin-in-Yvelines is the university of sector.
The universities of Versailles-Saint-Quentin-in-Yvelines and Paris-South XI in Orsay are in the vicinity, just like the plate of many Saclay and its Universities (Polytechnic school, Supélec…) and research institutes.
Continuing educationAugust 1st
Public servicesAugust 1st An antenna of the Social security is with the Bush.
OthersThe name of the commune being rather long, it is often shortened in Magny-les-Hx on the panels of Road signs, in the forms, or the correspondence.
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