Madeleine Korbel Albright (born the May 15th 1937 with Prague, Czechoslovakia), is an American diplomat , which was American Ambassadrice in the United Nations of 1993 with 1997 then the 64e Secretary of State (Foreign Minister of the United States) between 1997 and 2001 under the second mandate of the President Bill Clinton.
BiographyMarie Jana Korbelová was born with Prague, Czechoslovakia. His/her parents were Juif S converted with the Catholicisme to escape persecutions anti-semites and she was educated in the religion Catholique. His/her father, Josef Korbel was a Czech diplomat. She has a brother named John.
Marie Jana will be called thereafter Madeleine at the time of her inscription in a Swiss school. This first name was a French adaptation of " Madlenka" , the Czech nickname which his/her grandmother gave him. In 1939, the Korbel family flees with London after the annexation of the Bohemia and the Moravie. His/her grandparents die in Déportation in the camps of Auschwitz and Teresin.
In 1948, after the takeover by the Communists in Prague, the family is exiled in the United States where Josef becomes professor in international relations at the university of Denver (one of its pupils will be Condoleeza Rice).
She becomes American citizen in 1957.
She continues her studies, learns the Russian and obtains a control and a Doctorat in public right of the Université of Columbia. She speaks four languages henceforth usually (English, French, Czech and Russian) and knows the German , the Polish and the Serbo-Croatian.
Professional path and policy
Of 1978 with 1981, it works with the White House in the team of Jimmy Carter and is named at the safety advice main road. It is at this station that she formulates the foreign politics of president Carter.
After the end of the Casing presidency in 1981, she works for the " Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars" with the Smithsonian Institution where she writes articles on the role of the press in the political changes occurred in Poland with beginning of the year 80. She also works for the Center for Strategic and International Studies as specialist in the the USSR and the Europe of the East. She also Co-founds a think tank, the Center for the national policy (Center for National Policy) whose she will assume the presidency.
In 1984, it is adviser in international policy of the democratic candidate to the vice-presidency Geraldine Ferraro then in 1988 of the democratic candidate to the presidency Michael Dukakis. From 1993, date of the return of the democrats to the capacity, it returns to the government and enters the administration of the president Bill Clinton.
Ambassadress in the United NationsThe February 9th 1993, it is named ambassadress with the the United Nations by the president Bill Clinton.
At this station, it is reproached to him for having been long in intervening at the time of the Génocide in Rwanda in 1994.
In 1996, during an interview granted to Leslie Stahl in the magazine of CBS entitled " Sixty Minutes" , she declares in connection with the sanctions against the Iraq and of the supposed death of a half-million children: " I think that it is a difficult choice but it is the prix." (" I think this has very hardware choice, goal the price -- we think the price is worth it."). She will state thereafter to have regretted this answer but will maintain all its support for the principles of the international commercial sanctions.
Secretary of StateIt is named Secretary of State by the president Bill Clinton the December 5th 1996. After confirmbeing confirmed in this function by a unanimous vote of the Senate, she was established 64e Secretary of State the January 23rd 1997.
Celebrated like the first woman Secretary of State and like the woman having reached the more political high ranking of the history of the United States, Madeleine Albright is made the lawyer of the Démocratie, the Human rights, while making the promotion of the approach states-unienne on work, the trade and the environment.
In 2000, it is still made the lawyer of the democracy calling with the creation of a " community of démocraties".
Nevertheless, its detractors show it war crimes because of its support for the international sanctions against the Iraq.
Since 2001After the end of the mandate of Bill Clinton in January 2001, it is approached by the Czech president Vaclav Havel to take its succession with the presidency of the Czech Republic, proposal which it declines.
Professor at the Georgetown university, it takes part in January 2006 in a meeting in the White House of all the former Secretaries of State and those of Defense to discuss the foreign politics with the members of the government of George W. Bush.
It chairs the National institute of international businesses as well as the stock exchange foundation Truman.
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