By its population, it is the third town of France (after Paris and Marseilles) if one counts only the intramural population, or the second if one takes into account all the urban Aire or that of sound urban Unité.
The inhabitants of Lyon are the Lyonnais . The Parler Lyons also gives to the young graduates the nickname of gones (boys) and of fenottes (girls). The currency of the commune (in Francoprovençal) is Avant, Avant, Lion Melhor . The holy owner is holy Blandine. The armorial bearings of Lyon consist of mouths to the money lion, with the bent chief of the Royaume of France (of azure with three flowers of gold lily).
Crossroads of the Europe since the Romans, Lyon is a proud city which always resisted the supervision of Paris. Since the Romans made there converge 5 great ways and until our days, Lyon always wanted to be a fortified town of the trade of the men and it knew to adapt to the technological revolutions. It not owes its successive rebirths with its natural resources but with its geographical location.
The city preserved an important inheritance energy of the Roman epoch at the 20th century while passing by the Renaissance and, for this reason, is registered with the World heritage of UNESCO.
Names and titles
- Lugdunum under the Roman Empire
- Loudoun, then Lion or Lyon with the Middle Ages.
- Commune-Freed under the Revolution.
- Capital of Gaules (in Latin Caput Galliae) official Title of the city at the time Roman, it is one of the nicknames most used to indicate it nowadays.
- Capital world of the gastronomy. (due to its local specialities and its large universally known cooks)
- Capital of resistance. (due to its big role in occupied France)
- Capital of silk. (Of François 1st which impelled the industry of silk and also a homage to the silk workers, Lyons silky workmen)
ToponymyThe old word Gallic dunos , castle, fortress, left its trace in the name of much of French cities even when those were Latin ized by the Romains. Generally, it is associated in the name of a Gallic chief as with Loudun precisely, but also with Verdun or Meudon. Or in the name of Gallic god more venerated Lug for example. It is precisely the case in Lyon and Laon whose two names derive from Lugduno . Lyon thus means " Fortress of Lug ". With Châteaudun, one notices that the name of the city known as thus twice the same thing the first Latin time and the second into Gallic/Celtic.
SituationLyon is the city centers Grand Lyon, the Urban community.
- Historically, the city is the capital of the province of the Lyonnais (covering part of the departments of the the Rhone and the current Loire).
- the city is integrated into the RUL (or Urban Région of Lyon ) which corresponds to the territories organized around the metropolis (zone of influence from 50 to 100 km of radiation).
- the area the Rhone-Alps, whose Lyon is the administrative capital, covers a territory of 43.698km ².
- Lyon and its area are located at a crossroads of Western Europe, connecting the North Sea to the Mediterranean, and Eastern Europe in the Atlantic.
TopographyLocated at the confluence of the the Rhone and the the Saone, the city is dominated by three hills, Fourvière, Cross-Russet-red the and Duchère, which are separated by a rock procession from the Saone ( Pierre Scize ). About 1850, Jules Michelet had called Fourvière, the “hill which requests” (basilica Notre-Dame de Fourvière, many convents, sits of Évêché) and theRusset-red one, the “hill which works” (place where resided the Canut S, small hands of the clothes industry of fabrics and the weaving of silk). The hill of Duchère, the least known today, profits from a program of Great project of city (comprising nevertheless old Fort of Duchère and the Panoramic Tower, more modern).
One finds in the districts of the Vieux Lyon and Cross-Russet-red the of many routes within the buildings, called Traboule S which make it possible to go of a street another while crossing the courses of buildings.
On the Peninsula, between the Rhone and the Saone, the Place Bellecour is, the greatest place pedestrian of Europe , in the center of which throne the equestrian statue of Louis XIV. Then the city extends on left bank from the Rhone in direction from the Dauphiné. Beyond the the Rhone, to the east, extends the plain, urbanized according to an orthogonal plan in the districts of Brotteaux and the Share-God.
ClimateClimate of Lyon east of the semi-continental type with hot and sunny summers and rigorous winters. In Bron, the annual average temperature was, between 1921 and 2000, of 11,6°C with a minimum of 2,8°C in January and a maximum of 20,9°C in July. The minimal temperature was there of -24,6°C the highest on December 22nd, 1938 and of 39,8°C on July 22nd, 1983. This temperature nevertheless was beaten, the August 13rd 2003 with 40,5°C.
The draining of the marshy zones involves a reduction in the evaporation of water, therefore the number of days of fogs drops.
An important industrial complex called corridor of chemistry , established along the river in the south of the agglomeration, constitutes a threat of pollution. The quality of the air is supervised by detectors of level of pollution which give alarm where necessary.
- Of Lugdunum, Roman city and capital of the Three provinces of Gaules, to Lyon, city open to international and large urban surface of France, the history of the city passes by a long membership to the Roman Empire, a religious radiation which raised the bishop of Lyon to the row of Primat of Gaules (but tore its population at the time of the wars of religion), then in the Holy roman Empire Romain Germanique before fastening with the Kingdom of France.
- Lyon, which is the theater of federalistic insurrections and royalists during the Revolution, is relieved of its name until the takeover of Napoleon Bonaparte, the future Emperor of the French.
- Its famous Canut S (silky workmen) was large actors of its Industrial revolution, period which also saw the inauguration between 1830 and 1832 of the first French broad outline (58 km) of railroad connecting Saint-Etienne to Lyon. Lyon saw being born from great inventions like the weaving loom of Jacquard, the sewing machine by Thimmonier, and the Cinématographe of the Frères Light.
- Lyon is recognized like capital of the Résistance, grace in particular to the clandestine activities of the prefect Jean Moulin during the Second world war in this city.
- In 1940 Lyon is defended on the basis of Lyon Bron by the Commander Armand Viguier, fighter pilot since 1915, Officer of the Legion of Honor, First World War
In the years 1970-1980, Lyon lost more than 100.000 inhabitants preferring to join the periphery because of many urban upheavals like the construction of the district of Share-God for example.
The town of Lyon finds a demographic dynamism since the years 1980 passing from 413.000 inhabitants with 466.000 in 2004 is 54.000 inhabitants moreover in 22 years, but the spectacular increase really started in the years 1990, because of the restoration of several districts (Gerland, Share-God, Vaise, Saint-Rambert): more than 51.000 inhabitants of 14 years.
- See: the article detailed on the administration and the territorial cutting of Lyon.
DistrictsThe town of Lyon is divided into new municipal districts, created starting from 1852. Since the Law PLM, the municipal organization is comparable with that of Paris. The majority of the districts are identified initially by their name more than by the number of district.
Traditionally, the Lyons flag floats on each municipal building at the sides of the French and European flags.
1st district: The Slopes of Cross-Russet-red the, the Composts.
- 2nd district: The Cordeliers, Bellecour, Ainay, Perrache and the Confluent .
- 3rd district: Prefecture, Share-God, the Villette, Montchat, Dauphine, Moncey.
- 4th district: The plate of Cross-Russet-red the, Canary - Saint-Charles.
- 5th district: Midsummer's Day - Saint-Paul - Saint-Georges (Old Lyon), Saint-Just, Fourvière, the Point-of-Day, Ménival, Champvert, Saint-Irenee.
- 6th district: Brotteaux, Bellecombe, the Head of Gold.
- 7th district: Guillotière - Southern, the Fly, Jean-Macé, Gerland.
- 8th district: Monplaisir, Bachut, Mermoz, the United States, the Large Hole, the Windmill, Laënnec, Transvaal.
- 9th district: Vaise, Industry, Champvert, Throat of Wolf, Duchère, Rochecardon, Saint-Rambert - Island-Bores.
Communes annexed to the city
- In 1852, three “suburbs of Lyon” and a village were attached to the city:
- the plate of Cross-Russet-red the, left southern the old commune Cook-The-Cross-Russet-red (current 4th district).
- Guillotière, extending on the current ones 3rd, 6th, and 7th districts.
- Vaise (left southern current the 9th district)
- the village of Monplaisir (Monplaisir and Monplaisir-The-Plain), left western and south-east current the 8th district.
- In 1963:
- Saint-Rambert-the Island-Bores (left northern the 9th district).
Transport and communications
See also: Transport and communications in Lyon
See also: List of the streets of Lyon
Lyon and Villeurbanne, the two common ones forming the intramural one of Lyon, are encircled by a ring road, called “boulevard of belt” by the buildings. It is unfinished in the west/south-western. It finishes in the North-West with the door of Valvert and the south with the door of Gerland. The city contains an expressway in its interior: the North-South Axis which reassembles the quays of the the Rhone (Right Bank), until Perrache. Highways make it possible to join Lyon since Chambéry and Grenoble in south-east (A43/A41), Geneva and Borough-in-Bresse in the North-East (A42/A40), Marseilles in the south (A7), Saint-Etienne in south-west (A47), and Paris in north (A6). In its circumference, the suburbs East are surrounded by the Rocade Is (N346), which skirts all the industrial park Semi-Plain. The N346 unit and Northern A46/Southern A46 form Skirting Is between Villefranche and Ternay. The project of Grand by-pass Lyon by the west is being studied, it would make it possible to downgrade the urban parts of the A6 and the A7.
See also: Public transport Lyons
Lyon has the first joint grid system except Île-de-France with 1,6 million travellers per day, including 704.000 for the only underground railway network. Managed by the company Keolis Lyon, which exploits the mark TCL, it includes/understands four lines of subway and two Funiculaire S, three lines of tram (fourth is in construction for 2009), seven of Trolleybus (of which a strong line Cristalis), and some 115 lines of Autobus and departmental Autocar S (accessible with a title TCL inside the Grand Lyon). In the same way, TCL have the load of a hundred school lines.
Since May 2005, the Grand Lyon set up a system of Bicyclette S in hiring, named Vélo' v, in the intramurally (Lyon and Villeurbanne).
Railway service roadIntramural Lyon is served by five stations the SNCF. Lyon-Perrache, inaugurated in June 1857 and located in full heart of the Peninsula is the first Lyons station of PLM. Lyon-Share-God was built between 1978 and 1981 and replaced Lyon-Brotteaux for the arrival of TGV Paris-Lyon. A third station TGV, Lyon-Saint-Exupéry TGV, is within the Lyon-Saint-Exupéry airport. FOR THE THIRD TIME also serve Lyon-Vaise, Lyon-Saint-Paul and Lyon-Throat-of-Wolf. Other stations (Lyon-Saint-Clearly and Lyon-Saint-Rambert-The Island-Bore) were discharged from any traffic, with the profit of Share-God and of Perrache. The new Lyon-Jean-Macé halt should be born beside the deposit of Lyon-Guillotière in 2009.
External communicationsLocated at the confluence of the the Rhone and the the Saone, Lyon east since Antiquity an important point in all the grid systems which were constituted successively.
Lyon is equipped with two air platforms managed by the Chamber of commerce and with industry of Lyon. The Aéroport of Lyon-Bron was inaugurated since 1924 and saw developing the Aéropostale and the passenger traffic for the period of the Entre-deux-guerres. Become too exiguous, the first airport is seen discharged into 1975 from the airport activities in favor of the International airport Lyon Saint-Exupéry, located at 25 km more in the east.
Today, Saint-Exupéry connects Lyon to almost all the capitals and the large European metropolises; more than one hundred of cities are connected one or more time per week, some up to five times per day, like London. Lyon-Bron is dedicated to the private aviation and of businesses.
See also: Lyons economy
The GDP of Lyon and its agglomeration is of 52 billion euros, which classifies it with the 2nd French rank in front of Toulouse and Marseilles. The city constitutes a Development pole of European level. Its position of crossroads of communication supports its attraction and its radiation. The Region of Lion has an economic long tradition of initiatives S and technological: Bank and Printing works with the Rebirth, then mechanical Engineering and Scientific research in Physical Medicine, , Virology… All the industrial sectors are represented, but one can put forward several fields in which Lyon enjoys an international reputation: the Mechanical , the Textile , the Chemistry and the Pharmacy, the Health. The town of Lyon works in partnership with the local public actors to facilitate the creation and the installation of the companies on its territory, ADERLY, the Chamber of commerce and of industry, and the Grand Lyon. The city has also a tradition of social innovation. Many instigators of social action engaged by the means monk (Père Chevrier) or by initiating the movement Humanitaire (many ONG) and while seeking to reconcile economic dynamism and Social progress. Lyon is the seat of the Regional court of trade and industry of the Rhone-Alps. It is the seat also of the Chamber of commerce and industry of Lyon which manages, in addition to the airports of Lyon ( to see external Communications higher ), of the zones of activities.
Places and monuments
The historic site of Lyon, world heritage of UNESCO
427 hectares of Lyon are classified inheritance of humanity by UNESCO since 1998: it is one of the vastest spaces registered with Bordeaux. The city is member of the Organization of the cities of the world heritage. In classified spaces, one will note the hill of ancient Fourvière and his sites, the Vieux Lyon, the hill of Cross-Russet-red the, urban inheritance associated with the Canuts, and the Peninsula which testifies in particular to the industrial evolutions of the city. The city is a high place of French tourism with nearly 5.500.000 visitors each year (figures of the tourist bureau of Lyon and of A).
Civil buildings and remarkable placesThey are numerous (classified by districts):
- Fourvière, Old man-Lyon:
- the ancient Theater of Fourvière and the Odéon Gallo-Roman S, where concerts and spectacles in summer proceed regularly, the Roman thermal baths, the ex- Sanctuaire of Cybèle, mausolés Roman of Lyon,…
- the metal Tour of Fourvière, relay of radio-television and culminating point of the city
- the district rebirth of the Vieux Lyon made up of buildings and private mansions rebirth (Rose Tower, house of lawyers, house of the chamarier, Thomassin house, house Claude Debourg, hotel of the government, Paterin hotel, hotel of Gadagne, the Hôtel of Bullioud…) and of medieval lanes (of which the principal arteries are the Midsummer's Day streets and street of ox).
- the Traboule S, passages open to all inside the small islands (one counts some nearly 320 in all the historic site).
- rise of Gourguillon which leads to Saint-Just.
- the college Saint-Just (old seminar).
- the school veterinary surgeon (oldest of the world).
- law courts on the quays of the Saone with its 24 columns.
- the manecantery (palate Midsummer's Day Treasure of the Cathedral).
- Strong Saint-Irenee.
- TheRusset-red one, Peninsula:
- the " district-village" Cross-Russet-red with its slopes, its buildings silk workers, his large-stone and his popular market.
- rise of the Large-Coast.
- the Amphitheater of the Three Gaules in the middle of the Slopes of the Cross-Russet-red . In the center of this ancient amphitheater, a post evokes the torments of Sainte Blandine, Saint Pothin and of the Martyrs of Lyon
- the forts Midsummer's Day and Saint Nicolas's Day.
- the town hall trônant on the Place of the Composts with the fountain of Bartholdi.
- the national Opera, on the place of the comedy, restored by Jean Nouvel
- Some remarkable streets and places by their concentration of stores of luxury: street of the Republic, street Emile Zola, street of Brest, street Edouard Herriot, Place of the Jacobins, Course Vitton
- Of many private mansions: hotel of Villeroy, from Lacroix-Laval, of the Crown,…
- the Place Bellecour, fourth larger places France and larger first places pedestrian of Europe, with in its medium the equestrian Statue of Louis XIV
- the places of the Republic, Carnot, of the Jacobins, of the Comedy, Louis-Pradel with their fountains.
- the Palate of the Stock Exchange in the middle of the Peninsula.
- the theater of Célestins, room and frontage with Italian.
- the Hospital, hospital which extends on nearly 400 meters at the edge of the the Rhone.
- the the Rhone and the the Saone crossed by many bridges and footbridges.
- Left bank of the Rhone.
Faculties, quay Claude Bernard (Universities Light-Lyon 2 and Jean Mill-Lyon 3)
- the place of the Lyautey Marshal and his fountain.
- the station of Brotteaux.
- the largest park of the city: the famous Park of the Gold Head.
- the palate of the Prefecture.
- the municipal stage of Gerland, of which the principal tenant is the Olympique Lyonese, the team of Football elite of Lyon, built by Tony Garnier
- the Halle Tony Garnier, old slaughter-houses of the district of the Fly transformed into versatile room
- the Manufacture of the tobaccos, building to the polychrome colors of the district of Monplaisir, lodging today part of the components of the Université Jean-Mill - Lyon-III
- the mural frescos, enter others the fresco of the Lyonese representing some of the famous Lyonnais, on the edges of the Saone, the wall of the Silk workers, the fresco Light and frescos dedicated to Tony Garnier
- Share-God and his turns, second District of businesses of France
- the International Quoted and the Amphitheater inaugurated in 2006.
- banks of the Rhone.
- CIFA Saint-Denis
- CIFACE Bellecombe
- the Cinéma Operated
- CNP Bellecour
- CNP Odéon
- CNP Terreaux
- the Comoedia
- the Fourmi Lafayette
- the Institut Light
- the Cinéma
- the 8 Nave
- the Pathé - Bellecour
Structure of the XXe century
The urban extension to the 20th century was done primarily in the east of the the Rhone, thanks to the many land reserves available.
- the Market Tony-Garnier, old crossing point of the animals intended for the Slaughter-houses of the Fly, reconverted as a theater.
- the Manufacture of the tobaccos, located in the district of Monplaisir and occupied since 1990 by the University Jean-Mill - Lyon-III.
- the Turn of the Crédit Lyonnais, called “the pencil” and/or the tower of Share-God by the Lyoneses, as well as the district business of the district of Share-God, in the years 1970.
- the international Quoted, built between the the Rhone and the Park of the Gold Head, was completed in 2006 after more than twenty years of work.
Contemporary town planning
- the House of the book, the image and the sound, by Mario Botta with Villeurbanne.
- the International Quoted (1983 - 2007), which is next to the Parc of the Gold Head, old seat of the Fair of Lyon. Tertiary, cultural and tourist pole gathering offices, conference rooms, hotels, casino, the Museum of Contemporary art, cinemas and an auditorium. This unit is the work of Renzo Piano, town-planner génois, and of Michel Corrajoud, landscape designer.
- the national Opera, renovated by Jean Nouvel in 1988.
- the National university (ENS) Letters and Social sciences, by Henri Gaudin.
- the Station TGV of the international airport Saint-Exupéry, (1997), by Calatrava.
- the urban great project Lyon Junction between the Rhone and the Saone, in the south of the vaults of the station of Perrache on the peninsula (District Charlemagne, to see below).
Urban projects of Large LyonLyon has a policy of strong restoration: the city is in constant refitting. Some recent projects:
- Installation of the banks of the the Rhone
- Requalification of Square-of-Silk
- Rehabilitation of the district of Duchère
- Urban project Lyon Junction
- Zone of activities and commercial of Lyon - Door of the Alps
- Renouveau of the district of Vaise
- future the Tour Oxygenates in the 3rd district.
- the future stage of the Olympic Lyonese of a capacity of 60.000 places to Décines-Charpieu.
Education and cultureThe city aspires to the title of European Capitale of the culture for the year 2013.
The public library of Lyon is organized in network, and gathers 15 establishments.
Approximately 124.000 students attend the four Universités and other higher establishments of the Lyons agglomeration (more than 73.000 in establishments located on the town of Lyon, differences of manpower justifying itself by the presence of campus outside the city on the communes of Villeurbanne and Bron), which makes of Lyon the second coed city of France.
See also: Higher learning in Lyon
- Cinema: the Street of the first film where the Frères Light invented the cinema in 1895.
- Theater: the characters of Puppet and its accomplice Gnafron were invented in Lyon by Laurent Mourguet.
- the House of the dance and the Biennial of the dance.
- the Subsistence: old military warehouses accommodating a laboratory of artistic creation devoted to the new languages of the live performance and the National school of the fine arts.
- many exposures in the various museums of the city.
- the Waste land: old warehouses of the factory of RVI reconverted in a place of free space for the artists.
- Rock'n'roll in Lyon: the Lyons groups were often influential in France.
- the December 8th is marked by the Fête of the lights (or the illuminations), at the origin celebration of the Virgin Mary, also become tourist festival nowadays, during which the Lyoneses put lampions called candle ends at their windows. This tradition goes back to the 19th century, although the annual celebration of the Virgin Mary date of the epidemic of Peste of 1643.
- Lyon is a high place of the practice of the set of balls (famous the swell Lyons ), in particular on the quays of the the Rhone and the the Saone, on the Place Bellecour, as in closed dedicated to this sport, as in Closed Jouve of Cross-Russet-red the.
- is to refresh the players that the pot (bottle of 46 Cl at thickened bottom) would have been created, thus making it possible to contain the local wines without fear that the bottle is not reversed.
Lyons language and accentThe town of Lyon (in francoprovençal Lyons Liyon ) belonged to the surface Francoprovençal E. The French gently replaced the local variation which was maintained until the 19th century, especially in rural area (the Patois). However, the Parler Lyons preserves certain particularisms of vocabulary and famous accent trailing and singing: the sound " eu" would be added at each end of word and is in addition pronounced in a way more closed than in the remainder of France. The inopportune use of the " there " to replace the " le" inanimate direct object is also characteristic, example: " make " there; instead of " make it " but " the voir" goes; do not change. Moreover, the language kept certain particularisms of vocabulary.
- See also: the article detailed on the To speak Lyons and the Lyons language .
GastronomyThe city enorgueillit since several centuries of the titles of capital of the gastronomy. In 1935, Curnonsky, in the principle of the gastronomes, devoted Lyon " world capital of the gastronomie" ; Many a " bouchons" certified authentic serve as the traditional dishes of the Lyons kitchen. Paul Bocuse (1926) is the Lyons cook most known and the creation of the “gold Bocuse” given every two years to an international big boss at the time of the living room of the trades of mouth is a festival and a dedication. In 2006, the Halle of Lyon added the name of Paul Bocuse to his denomination. One should not forget for as much Eugenie Brazier, Jean-Paul Lacombe, Pierre Orsi, Philippe Chavant, Georges Blanc… and others, which honor this town of their talents and their creativity.
- the most known dishes: the rivet washer and the darling, the saveloy, the Apron of sapper, the Quenelle S, the Cushion of Lyon and the Vine shoot of the Beaujolais wine (Lyons confectioneries), the Bugnes, the Curlpaper S…
- See also: the article detailed on the Lyons Kitchen .
Festivities and events
- the December 8th: illuminations (or Festival of the lights).
- Nights of Fourvière.
- the festival of the sound Nights.
- the Biennial of Contemporary art of Lyon.
- the Biennial of the dance.
- there Salsa festival, at the end of June
MediaThe town of Lyon has a television channel: TLM. This chain, so called the 7 by the Lyoneses, offers reports (" Life of quartier") and current events of the Lyons life. Progress is one of the famous daily newspapers. Created in 1859, the newspaper stopped its publication only at the time of the second world war, the journalists having preferred to scuttle the newspaper rather than to collaborate.
- Tribune de Lyon
- Lyon Poche Guides exits: schedules cinema, directory of restaurants, concerts, theater, clubbing, expos…
- Lyon Capital
- Lyon Mag
- Lyon Morning
Lyon is a city flowered with 3 flowers with the Contest of the Cities and the flowered Villages.
Urban parks and gardens
See also: Parks of the Lyons agglomeration
the Park of the Gold Head, the largest city park of France.
- the Park of Parilly, in the outskirts of the city.
- the Banks of the Rhone.
- the Garden Rosa Mir.
- the Gardens of Fourvière.
- the Park the heights.
- the Park of Gerland.
See also: Lyons
Lyon is surrounded by various areas with less than 30 km of the downtown area.
- the historical area of the Lyonnais is located at the west with the Monts of the Lyonese.
- the Drill and the natural park of the Pilat is located at south-west.
- the Monts of Gold are tops in edge of the Val of the Saone in north.
- the Dombes is in the North-East.
- the Coastal as well as the Dauphine and Crémieu are in the east of the city.
- Beaujolais wine: it starts to 20 km in north, around Villefranche.
- Slopes of the Lyonese: in the south-western periphery of the agglomeration.
- Coasts of the Rhone: the vineyard of the Vallée of the Rhone starts between Lyon and Vienna.
Protected river zones
- the Lône S of the the Rhone, in order to preserve fauna and the flora (zone sheltering of many beavers).
- Olympic Lyonese, football club evolving/moving in elite (League 1), 6 times Champion of France of 2002 to 2007.
- Adecco ASVEL Lyon-Villeurbanne, team of basketball evolving/moving in elite (Pro A).
- LOU, team of Rugby.
- Lyon Hockey Club, team of Hockey evolving/moving in division 2.
- LOU, football team American evolving/moving in IIIe Division.
- Lyon Villeurbanne XIII, Rugby with XIII.
- ACE Lyon-Duchère, football club.
- Olympic Lyonese (female), team female of football, champion of France 2007, half finalist Leagues Champions 2007/2008
- Stage of Gerland, principal municipal stage, used generally by the OL.
- Stage Vuillermet, stage used generally by the LOU (Rugby)
Olympic GamesLyon was candidate with the Olympic Games of 1920, 1968 and 2004.
- the Seat of Interpol.
- the Office for the preparation and the response of the countries to the epidemics of the the World Health Organization.
- the international Center of research on cancer, depend on WHO.
- the international college of Gerland: Internationale school residence (CSI), in which more than 30 nationalities are represented.
Media with international radiation
- EuroNews .
Twin towns and partnersTo date, 36 foreign cities signed an partnership agreement with the Town of Lyon.
- Charter of Alliance Barcelona-Genoa-Lyon Marseilles
Pact of Friendship
Charter of Friendship
Charter of Co-operation Barcelona-Lyon-Turin
Charter of Partnership
Protocol of Exchange and Co-operation
- (Project of Protocol)
Protocol of Co-operation
Charter of Promotion of the Exchanges
Declaration of Intent
common Will of bringing together
Pact of friendship and co-operation
Other networks of cities
- Eurocities: Lyon was founding member in 1986 of the Eurocities network which gathers 121 towns of 32 European countries
- Cités and Local governments Plain: Lyon east member of the executive office, and chairs the commission " Décentralisée" co-operation;
- Citynet : Lyon is the single European member of Citynet, and has a seat at its executive committee
Personalities related to the city
See also: Lyons famous, List of the archbishops of Lyon
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