It is the capital of the district of Lunebourg. Population: 70.614 hab. (2003). With the the Middle Ages, the city was remarkably rich, thanks to the trade of the salt. There were several salt factories in the surroundings. Salt was exported in the close strongholds. Along the Old Road of Salt, it was transported via Lauenburg until Lübeck and from there, embarked towards all the coasts of the the Baltic. Lunebourg and its salt belonged to the independent sources of being able and richness of the Hanseatic League.
Lunebourg is mentioned for the first time in 956.
During the Napoleonean occupation, the city was initially included/understood in the kingdom of Westphalia, of 1807 with 1810, before being attached to the France until in 1814, date of its return in the bosom of the kingdom of Hanover during the collapse of the First Empire.
The single landscape of the Landes of Lunebourg ( Lüneburg Heide , term without any connection with the German word Land , Länder in the plural) was mainly created by the spreading out of sands during the withdrawal of the glacier vistulien, when the last glacial period was completed. The deforestation of the surrounding area for the production of salt supplemented the natural action by completing the impoverishment of a poor natural landscape.
The May 4th 1945 was signed there the Convention of Lunebourg, by which the German troops stationed in Westphalia, to the Denmark and the Netherlands gave their fate between the hands of Field Marshall Montgomery, thus being a prelude to with the capitulation of May 8th, 1945. It is here that, on May 23rd of the same year, Heinrich Himmler commits suicide before being captured by the Allies.
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