Lund is, with Sigtuna, the oldest city of Sweden, even if Lund were initially a Danish city which became Swedish in 1658.
The city was founded in the neighborhoods of 990, probably following an initiative of the King. Archaeological discoveries with Uppåkra, with 5 kilometers in the south of Lund, show there the existence of a village devastated by a fire at the end of the 10th century. It is extremely probable that the village with Uppåkra - possibly at the time called Lund - was the urban center of the Scanie as from the 5th century. This role would have been taken again by Lund. The geographical location of the city was advantageous several manners. Lund is located on Romelåsen, whose marshes and peat bogs close to Höje å offered a later protection. The new geographical location of Lund lets suppose that the city aspired to control most of Scanie, like Kristiandstadslätten. The crátion of Lund is regarded as the creation of the United Kingdom of Denmark.
The church and a place of burial was dated from the beginning of the year 990, at the time supposed foundation of the city. Lund had close relationships with the Archevêque of Canterbury until in 1066. In 1060, Lund obtained the statute of Archevêque when the Denmark was organized in ten Diocèse S. In 1066, Lund was placed under the archbishop of Hamburg and Bremen with borders corresponding to the current borders of the diocese of Lund and Bornholm. 1085 saw the foundation of Katedralsskolan, which became thus the oldest school of the Scandinavian countries. The Cathédrale of Lund was built during first half of the 12th century, as well as a cloister and several small churches. Lund was then the most important city of the Denmark and counted between 3000 and 4000 inhabitants. At the beginning of the 14th century, Lund lost however in importance with the profit of Malmö, city Hanséatique in rise. Lund kept however its statute of ecclesiastical, cultural and educational center.
The Réformation in 1536 weakens considerably the position of Lund following the secularization of the goods of the Church. In 1658, Lund became Swedish, and the year 1666 saw the foundation of the Université of Lund in order to facilitate the suedification. The incorporation of Lund to the Sweden in 1721 did not involve major modifications for Lund which did not play of important role in the Sweden of the time.
At the beginning of the 18th century, Sweden was devastated by wars, fires (in 1703 and 1711) and epidemics, the such Black Death in 1712-1713. Swedish and Danish troops were placed in turn at Lund, which, for a time, became the place of residence of the king, when Charles XII lived in the house of Professor Hegardts in Södergatan.
Many churches and abbeys were built when Lund was the seat of the archevêchée , with 12th and 13th centuries. There be to twenty-seven churches, but much of them were destroyed when the Réforme arrived to Sweden in 1536.
The medieval character of Lund is easily locatable through the streets and the lanes of the city, remained identical during the centuries. Certain medieval buildings still exist, the such Cathédrale of Lund, Liberiet, the Cloître of Saint Pierre, Krognoshuset, the profane house of Stäket, Kungshuset with Lundagård and the house of Charles XII. The half-timbered houses were current until the end of the 19th century, whose Wickmanska gården, devastated by a fire in 2002, was one of most known.
Many houses were supplanted by houses on floors at the end of the 19th century. It is during this time that Kathedralskolan was built, the Grand Hotel of Lund, the College library of Lund and much of other university buildings. The majority of the buildings of Lund date from the end from the 19th century or 20th century.
The streets of Lund have, for much of them, a few hundred years. Some modifications however were made there, and during the Années 1960, one had even plans to build a highway through the downtown area. In 1958, one made the decision to demolish houses of the downtown area in order to build a highway there. The opinion took however another turn later a few years, and in 1968, a law was voted against this project, and Lund escaped the destiny from Klarakvarteren with Stockholm. There is always nothing besides builds in the place of some houses which were destroyed before the cancellation of the project.
The town of Lund is also marked by its university and its technical school, its hospital like some dwellings with character more or less of suburbs. There are also some older buildings with Värpinge and in some districts of Östra Torn.
Many people working with Lund make the shuttle due to shortage of residences after years of schisms relating to the future of the city. The city thus knows a rise of the rate of circulation in, and in the neighborhood, of the city. The most important entries are Fjelievägen, Malmövägen and Dalbyvägen, like E22, Sandbyvägen, Svenshögsvägen, Norra Ringen and Järnvägen (Södra Stambanan and Västkustbanan).
Architects of LundSome architects having worked with Lund:
- Klas Anshelm
- C.G. Brunius
- Bengt Edman
- Alfred Hellerström
- Flemming Lassen
- Sten Samuelson
- Theodor Wåhlin
- Hans Westman
- Folke Zettervall
- Helgo Zettervall
- Bernt Nyberg
Known buildings of LundSome known buildings of Lund:
Some of the most important companies of the city are Tetra Pak, Ericsson Mobile Platforms, Sony Ericsson, Alfa Laval, Gambro, AstraZeneca and Bibliotekstjänst. Lund is a university town where the Université of Lund and its hospital mark the daily newspaper of the city.
Some known industries:
- Annetorps tegelbruk
- Berlingsta boktryckeri
- Hugo Nordströms handskfabrik
- Håkan Ohlssons boktryckeri
- J.P. Möllers handskfabrik
- Nordiska armaturfabrikerna
- Pålsjö tegelbruk
- Salanders fabriksaktiebolag
- Åkerlund & Rausing
Parts of the city and places known
- Norra Fäladen
- Norra Nöbbelöv
- Väster, Lund
- Östra torn-Mårtens fälad
- Mårtens fälad
- Sankt Lars
- Östra Torn
Personalities related to the city
- Magnus Gustafsson, former tennis player born in Lund on January 3rd, 1967
- Mikael Håfström, realizer born in Lund on July 1st, 1960
- Joachim Johansson, professional player of tennis born in Lund on July 1st, 1982
- The Radio operator Dept, group of pop music
- Henrik Sundström, former tennis player born in Lund on February 29th, 1964
- max von Sydow, large actor.
- Common of Lund
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