Lower East Side
The Lower East Side is a district of the Borough of Manhattan to New York, located along East River, between the Pont of Manhattan and the 14th street. Its western limit is around Broadway. One calls sometimes the district " Loisaida" , phonetic deformation of the Latin pronunciation.
Lower East Side, a long time occupied by a working and disadvantaged population, had formerly bad reputation. Several still adolescent gangster chiefs made there their weapons in the Five Points Gang, in particular Frankie Yale, Johnny Torrio and Al Capone: their history is told with the screen in It was once in America with Robert De Niro.
The district was and remains still at certain places a center of the judaïque culture resulting from the Europe of the East. More recently, it was occupied by other immigrants, in particular of Latin and Asian origin. It is particularly visible for its northern part, also called East village. To the population of origin Ukrainian Polonaise and was added an surge of immigrants Japanese. During fifteen last years, the restaurants with Sushi and the markets of Japanese food developed there. One also finds a number significant of immigrants coming from the Bangladesh and the Moslem countries, which attend the Mosquée Madina Masjid with the angle of the first Avenue and the 11th street. The diversity of the religious worships is characteristic of the district, which also comprises several Synagog S, of the church S, an important temple Hare Krishna and places of prayer Bouddhistes.
The limits of Lower East Side evolve/move in time, with the image of its population. The part in the south of Delancey Street and the west of Allen Street forms now part of Chinatown, just like Grand Street. The East Village, already mentioned, is often regarded as a distinct district since an easier population settled there. In the south of Houston street, one also observes this evolution of the social classes. Restaurants and shops of standing appeared along Clinton Street. In Orchard Street, one finds many clothes shops, especially specialized in leather. Bowery, formerly disaster victim and occupied by the gangs, became a very alive retail park. However, the Bowery Mission , founded in 1879 to come to assistance of the homeless persons, always remains in activity.
HistoryAt the XIXe century, Lower East Side shelters initially an important community of German origin. Historically, the district lodged several representatives of against judaïque culture, gauchist and sometimes revolutionist. Emma Goldman, Leon Trotsky, Allen Ginsberg and Abbie Hoffman remained all in Lower East Side. the anarchists Emma Goldman and Alexandre Berkman published there the Mother Earth magazine starting from 1906. Trotsky lived with St Marks Places in 1917, just like Abbie Hoffman in 1967. Hoffman, with the members of the anarchistic party International Youth Party (The Yippies, to see), held a free store ( Free Store ), collecting the gifts of clothing in order to offer them to poorest. In the Years 1980, a movement of squatters was organized to protest against the destruction of the old buildings. Riots burst during expulsions and the curfew was founded with Tompkins Square Park.
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