The Low-Canada was a Province of the British Empire, created in 1791 by the Acte constitutional and formed by the geographical and political separation of the territory of the Province of Quebec . Low-Canada existed on the legal and political level of 1791 with the implementation in February 1841 of the Acte of union, adopted the July 23rd 1840: the territory then becomes the Eastern area of the Province of Canada, the Canada-Is with great French-speaking majority.
The territory of Low-Canada included/understood the grounds of the south and the east of current Quebec and the whole of the Labrador.
Under the terms of the constitutional Act of 1791, Low-Canada was placed under the authority of the General governor of British North America or its representative. Contrary to the High-Canada, the New Brunswick and the Nova Scotia, there was no appointed Lieutenant-Governor. A Legislative council composed of fifteen named members assisted the Governor, and an Executive council drawn from this one was used as Cabinet.
However the greatest innovation was the creation of the Chambre from assembly of Low-Canada, made up of representative elected by the population. It is about the first assembly elected to the male Suffrage censitaire in what was going later to be called Quebec.
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