In July 1978 was born by Cesarean at the hospital from Oldham, in Great Britain, Louise Brown , the first " baby éprouvette" , i.e. conceived by In vitro fertilization (FIV). His/her parents Lesley and John also had a second girl, Natalie also designed by FIV.
Louise was employed stations before working in a company of freight with Bristol (south-western of England). She married in September 2004 with an old agent of safety, Wesley Mullinder, 36 years. She was confined of a baby who was designed naturally and who was born on January 13rd, 2007.
The birth of Louise opened a new chapter with regard to the treatment of the sterility.
Today, more than one quarter century after the birth of Louise Brown, the researchers have a whole battery of substances and advanced techniques which entirely transformed the treatment of sterility. Such projections allowed an considerable increase of the number of the births by assisted procreation. In 1999 for example, only with the the United States, more than 30.000 babies were born thanks to AMP.
In certain Scandinavian countries, 2 to 3% of the births are those of babies designed by assisted procreation. Each year, in the whole world, approximately 100.000 test-tube baby are born.
One estimates at more than three million the full number of these babies since 1978.
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