Louis Jouvet born the December 24th 1887 with Crozon, Finistere and deceased the August 16th 1951 with Paris, was Acteur, Director, professor with the Conservatoire higher national of dramatic art and director of Théâtre.
BiographyJules Eugene Louis Jouvet, was born in Brittany on December 24th, 1887. Orphan of father at 14 years, it leaves food with his mother in his uncle who is Apothicaire with Rethel in the the Ardennes. Studious and flexible pupil, his family obliges it to undertake studies to become Pharmacien. From 1904, he studies with the faculty of Paris, but spends all his spare time in the theaters amateurs of the time. In parallel, it is presented to the entrance examination to the Academy of Dramatic art of Paris, it will be readjusted three times (like Bernard Blier).
In 1912, its diploma for the occupation of pharmacist out of pocket, Louis Jouvet Marie with Else Collin, with which it will have 3 children. At that time it runs the seals and will thus make a short appearance in a film at the sides of Harry Baur.
In 1913, it is engaged with his/her friend Charles Dullin by Jacques Copeau directing of the Théâtre of the Old man-Dovecote. It is a true turning in its career, it is there manager, decorator, assistant and finally actor. It masks then its Bégaiement by a syncopated diction which will return it celebrates thereafter.
In 1922, it will be the rupture with Jacques Copeau, begins its career of director then, it installs his own troop with the Théâtre of the Fields-Élysées where it gains the following year its first great success with Knock or the triumph of medicine of Jules Romains, that it will play 1500 times. In 1927, it meets Jean Giraudoux of which it presents several parts. Starting from 1935, it directs the Athénée.
Gaston Baty, Charles Dullin and Georges Pitoëff and founds on July 6th, 1927 to him, an association of mutual aid, “Trust of the Four”, which will last until 1940. The objective: to make so that the theater creates a poetry which is clean for him, and to make play contemporary authors.
One proposes to him the direction of the Comédie-Française, but he refuses because he is occupied too much by his own theater of the Athenaeum. He triumphs there with works over Molière, those written by his friend Jean Giraudoux, and various other exits of the traditional repertory. He assumes June 1940 at June 1941 the control of the large national theaters, then share in round with his troop in Latin America, accompanied during a time by Charlotte Delbo. He will return to France only at the end of 1944 and will take again the direction of the theater of the Athenaeum which added since its name. July 30th, 1950, it receives the Legion of Honor. It also helps the new figures of the theaters, Jean-Louis Barrault and Jean Vilar in particular, and puts in scene the Devil and the Good god, part written by Jean-Paul Sartre in 1951.
Jouvet and the cinemaThe cinema, he plays in thirty-two films, whose some large chief-of works passed to the posterity. Quay of the Goldsmiths of Henri-Georges Clouzot, for much its best role, Hotel of North at the sides of Arletty and its famous “atmosphere, Funny atmosphere” and of drama , both carried out by Flesh-colored Marcel with also Michel Simon, famous for the counterpart: “odd, I have known as odd, as it is odd”. Knock or the triumph of medicine will be carried to the screen by the actor in 1933, then he will play in the version of Guy Lefranc in 1951, little before his death. In certified Copy , it holds the role of a chief of a band of robbers, and engages his double to be made clear. At the sides of Suzy Delair, Jouvet holds a double role. In 1948, he plays the Carrel inspector who inquires into the death of the gangster Vidauban, his double, in Between eleven hours and midnight of Henri Decoin. His/her friend and favorite dialogist, Henri Jeanson, puts in scene Lady Paname and reforms the duet Jouvet-Delair. Under the direction of Pierre Channel, it carries out a splendid face-to-face discussion with Erich Von Stroheim in the alibi . He plays in two films carried out by Jean Renoir: the hollows , with Jean Gabin, and the Marseillaise .
Louis Jouvet liked the theater more than the cinema. On the difference between the two, he answered: “theater one plays, cinema one played”. That will not prevent it from playing, with the cinema, of excellent theatrical adaptations: Volpone with Harry Baur and Charles Dullin, and Knock , by twice but at 17 years of interval. Faithful friend, it spontaneously agreed to play in a film whose Henri Jeanson had signed the dialogs, or required that there be place for his friends in films where it appeared (example with Charles Dullin in Volpone , and Quai of the Goldsmiths ). Its passion of the theater pushed it to play in Entrée of the artists of Marc Allégret, film where he plays his own part of professor of theater of the Academy, almost a report on the art of Jouvet, End of the day of Julien Duvivier where he is an actor of theater completely inhabited by his characters and who, confusing reality and fiction, dark in the madness, and Miquette and his/her mother of Clouzot, in which he is the director of a travelling theater company.
Catalog of films
- 1933: Knock of Louis Jouvet and Roger Goupillières - role of Doctor Knock
- 1935: the heroic Village fair of Jacques Feyder - role of the Chaplain
- 1936: Mister Flow of Robert Siodmak - role of Achilles Durin, servant of Lord Scarlett and Mister Flow, the gangster
- 1936: Salonique, nest of spies or Miss Doctor of Georg Wilhelm Pabst - role of Simonis, the German agent
- 1936: the Hollows of Jean Renoir - role of the baron Débile, ruined by the play
- 1937: Dance card of Julien Duvivier - role of Pierre Verdier, known as OJ , former lawyer become gang leader
- 1937: Forfaiture of Marcel the Herbarium - role of Valfar, the heart damnée of Tang-If
- 1937: Funny of drama of Flesh-colored Marcel - role of Archibald Soper, bishop of Bedford
- 1937: Ramuntcho of Rene Barberis - role of Itchoua, the chief of smuggling
- 1937: the Marseillaise of Jean Renoir - role of Roederer
- 1938: the House of the Maltese of Pierre Channel - role of Nightingale, arranges spinning mill
- 1938: the Alibi of Pierre Channel - role of the police chief Fixed
- 1938: Entered of the artists of Marc Allégret - role of Mr. Lambertin, professor of theater
- 1938: the Drama of Shanghai of Georg Wilhelm Pabst - role of Ivan, adventurer and lover of Kay Murphy
- 1938: End of the day of Julien Duvivier - role of Saint-Clearly, the ex-gift Juan
- 1938: Education of Prince of Alexandre Esway - role of Rene Cercleux
- 1938: Hotel of North of Flesh-colored Marcel - role of Mr. Edmond, the gangster mackerel
- 1939: Serenade of Jean Boyer - role of the baron Hartmann
- 1940: the School of the women Film stopped and unfinished of max Ophuls - role of Arnolphe
- 1940: the Cart phantom of Julien Duvivier - role of Georges, known as the student , friend of David
- 1940: Volpone of Maurice Turner - role of Mosca, the odd-job man of Volpone
- 1940: So-and-so Father and Wire of Julien Duvivier - roles of Pierre Wheat (the father) and of his son Felix
- 1946: a ghost of Christian-Jaque - role of Wild, directing Jean-Jacques of a troop of ballet
- 1947: in love ones are alone in the world of Henri Decoin - role of Gerard Favier, celebrates type-setter
- 1947: certified Copy of Jean Dréville - role of Mr. Dupon, quiet man and Ismora the burglar
- 1947: Quay of the Goldsmiths of Henri-Georges Clouzot - role of the inspector Antoine
- 1948: Between eleven hours and midnight of Henri Decoin - role of the Carrel inspector, double of Vidauban
- 1948: Lady Paname of Henri Jeanson - role of Mr. Gambier, known as Bagnolet
- 1949: Miquette and his/her mother of Henri-Georges Clouzot - role of directing Monchablon of a theater company
- 1949: Return to the life - Sketch “the return of Jean” of Henri-Georges Clouzot - role of Jean Girard, former deportee
- 1951: Knock of Guy Lefranc - role of Doctor Knock
- 1951: a history of love of Guy Lefranc - role of the inspector Ernest Plonche
- Jean Anouilh, the private secretary of Louis Jouvet of 1930 to 1932.
- Charlotte Delbo, secretary of Louis Jouvet of 1938 to 1941.
- Theater of the Athenaeum-Louis-Jouvet, last theater of Louis Jouvet
- Trust of the four, association founder of the revival of the theater
- Paris seen by Louis Jouvet.
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