Louis François Coutard
It was yet only 18 years old when the March 13rd 1787, it engaged like soldier in the Régiment of Bresse (26e). It bought its leave on September 1st 1791 and entered the following day the 1st battalion of the Sarthe. The January 13rd 1792, it passed in the constitutional Garde of the King, who replaced the old military household. The May 30th according to, this guard was laid off, and Coutard returned in the battalion of volunteers to which it belonged previously.
He was promoted with the rank of Major; adjudant-general the October 14th even year. The 23 fructidor year III, it returned with its rank in the battalion of the the Sarthe, since built-in the 73e of line.
The 14 ventôse year VII, with the attack of Ortonomare (Royaume of Naples), it penetrated the first in the city under fatal fire of the enemy, by a Embrasure armed with its part of gun charged with grapeshot. 11 ordered pomegranates of the right wing to the Bataille of Trébia 13 meadow year VII, supported for a long time, with a handle of men, the efforts of an enemy higher of number, and accepted in this action a rather serious wound which did not prevent it however from continuing to fight. With the Head office of Genoa, it climbs with 50 men the Montagne of the Two-Brothers, without drawing a rifle shot, jumped in the enemy cuttings off and seized some. Its brilliant led in a vigorous exit of the garrison, 13 meadow year VIII, made appoint it chief of brigade on the battle field. It made the countryside of year IX with the Armée with the Grisons, and those of years X and XI on the Côtes of the Ocean.
The 12 vendémiaire year XII, the First Consul entrusted the command of the 66e to him regiment of line, and the 19 frimaire according to it named it member of Legion-in Honneur. Colonel Coutard made, with the head of his regiment, the campaigns of year XIV and 1806 to the Armée with North; those of 1807 with 1809 with the large army. There remained blocked in Ratisbon in July 1809, and was made prisoner with the capitulation of this place. “After the battles of Abensberg and Landshut, known as the captain Welsh in a writing published in the 19th century, Napoleon i, changing direction went on Eckmühl, where it beat the Austrian army completely. It was presented then in front of Ratisbon the day that it had indicated. He believed this place occupied by the 65e strong regiment of four beautiful battalions; but colonel Coutard had capitulated the day before.” Returned to freedom, it was immediately given in activity, and made, with its regiment, the campaigns of 1810 and 1811 with the armies of Spain and Portugal. It became Brigadier general the August 6th 1811. Napoleon named it then Baron of the Empire and employed it with the Corps of observation of Elba, become, the January 18th 1812, 2nd of the large army.
During part of the Retirement of Russia, it ordered with much distinction the rear-guard of the 6th body. The December 9th, it was wounded in an engagement in front of Vilnius, in which it supported several successive attacks. Put of availability the January 29th 1812, it was then alternatively in charge of the command of the department of the the Gironde and the the Low-Pyrenees.
The March 16th 1814, Louis XVIII entrusted to him the higher command of the place of Rochefort. Named lieutenant-general the November 25th 1814, it was called the June 2nd 1813 with the command of the national guards of Lille.
In 1816, the Coutard general belonged to the council of war charged to judge the general Sheep-Duvernet. The king conferred the title of count to him and gave him successively the command of 3rd and the 13th military divisions. Disorders burst with Brest at the end of 1821 between the missionaries and the inhabitants; the opposition too easily showed the Coutard general to have put its sword at the service of the sacristy. The government récom thought its zeal: it called it, on January 1st 1822, with the command of the 1st military division. It still occupied this command at the time of the Révolution of 1830.
Included/understood, the August 4th, with the number of the generals available, and admitted the following year with the treatment of reform, it obtained its reform the June 26th 1831. For this time, the Coutard general has lived moved away from the public affairs.
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