Louis-Gaston de Ségur
He goes down from the marquis de Ségur (Marshal of France and minister of Louis XVI during the Guerre of American independence), of the count de Ségur (which accompanied Fayette in America) on the side of his father, and the Russian count Rostoptchine (which set fire to Moscow in 1812 with the approach of the armies of Napoleon) on the side of his mother. After its studies, it passed from a relative religious indifference to large a devotion. Entered the diplomatic corps, it is attached to the embassy from France to Rome in 1842, but resigns the following year to enter to the seminar of Saint-Sulpice and to prepare with priesthood; it is ordered priest in 1847. After a few years of ministry in Paris, it is named listener for France near the Rote Roman, and occupies this load during four years. It profits from a great regard at the pontifical court. It also carries out political negotiations for the account of Napoleon III, while being chaplain of the French garrison in Rome.
Become blind, it must resign in 1856, and goes back to Paris, with the honors and the privileges of the episcopate, that its handicap prevented it from receiving formally. It devoted consequently to various works, like the patronage of the young apprentices, the religious vocations and the military seminars, chaplaincies, and the evangelization of the Parisian suburbs. He works in particular in relation to association François saint the Dirty ones for the defense and the safeguarding of the faith, which he establishes in forty dioceses less than one year after his foundation in 1859.
In-outside its ministry, he writes many works. In 1851, it makes appear Réponses to the most widespread objections against the religion , of which more than 700.000 specimens are sold in France and Belgium with its death, without counting translations in Italian, German, English, Spanish and even Hindi. Other tests are intended to make known and to defend the catholic point of view on the problems of time ( the Freemasons , 1867, the School without God , 1873); it also publishes works of piety like alive Jesus in us (1869), whose Italian translation is put at the Index, the piety taught with the children (1864) or piety and the interior life (1864). Its complete works are published in 1876-1877 in Paris, in ten volumes. Thereafter A hundred and fifty two miracles of Notre Dame de Lourdes (1882) appear, Journal of a voyage in Italy (1882) and Lettres of Mgr of Ségur (1882).
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