The mythical character of the Loreleï became inseparable from the the romantic Rhine . The most famous version of beautiful with the fair loops is that of the poem of Heinrich Heine, “Ich weiß nicht, was ground are bedeuten” which became integral part of the popular culture since the musical adaptation of Friedrich Silcher.
The myth of Loreleï
In the beginning, Loreleï was conceived to symbolize the passion love in the literature: in a ballade ( Zu Bacharach amndt Rheine… , 1801) of the Rhenish poet Clemens Brentano, Lorelei initially seemed the name of a woman. “Laure Lay” was misled by his/her lover. On the way of the cloister, she wants to throw a last glance of the rock on her castle. Whereas she thinks of seeing a boat moving away, she falls into the river.
Brentano wrote several variations of the topic of Loreleï. The reason for a fair and unhappy woman who combs herself on a rock appears for the first time in its Rhenish tale as from 1810.
Later, it passed from a phantom to a femme fatale. At the end of and the beginning of the 20th century, it took the function for some poets of national symbol similar to the Valkyrie S. the literature of the 20th century was diverted this interpretation. It shows the character in many forms whose certain ironic and the myth of Lorelei perpetuates thus.
In France, it is especially known through the poem of Guillaume Apollinaire, Loreley , which one finds in the collection Alcools, or in Lorely of Gerard Labruni known as Gerard de Nerval at the time of the account of its voyage on the edges of the Rhine. Then, that for others, more interested by the music than by the literature, Lorelei, the fairy of the Rhine, will be evoked through songs like Lorelei Sebasto Cha of Hubert Felix Thiéfaine, Laura Lorelei of Jacques Higelin, Loreley of the German group Dschinghis Khan but also by artists such as The Pogues, Cocteau Twins, Theater Off Tragedy, Styx… In another register, the author of band-drawn Belgian, Roger Leloup, referred there many in the album No 2 of Yoko Tsuno: " Organ of the diable".
Loreleï and arts
Heinrich Heine, Loreleï
Original (1823) here
Do my Heart, why these blacks predict? I am sad to die. A history of the old ages Haunt my Memory.
The air is fresh, into the evening fall, The Rhine runs peacefully, At the top of the mountain flames, Reflections of the setting sun…
Beautiful between all is a girl, Sitted wonder all up there; The gold of its parrure scintillates, She combs her golden hair.
And its comb is a gold comb, While being painted it sings, And it is a song of a strange charm, Of a strange and powerful charm;
The nautonier in his nacelle, Is seized by poignant pain, He does not see the foaming rock, Has glances only towards the sky;
I believe that are vague submerge, With fine the boat and nautonier, And here well what it does, The lorelei when she sings…
Werner Bellmann, Brentanos Lore Lay-Ballade und DER antike Echo-Mythos . In: Clemens Brentano. Beiträge of Kolloquiums im Freien Deutschen Hochstift 1978 , hrsg. von Detlev Lüders, Tübingen 1980, S. 1-9.
Jürgen Kolbe: " Ich weiß nicht was ground be bedeuten". Heinrich Heines Loreley. Bilder und Gedichte. München 1976.
Guillaume Apollinaire: Loreley , Alcohols
Gerard de Nerval: Lorely , account of its voyage on the edges of the Rhine.
- Hubert Felix Thiéfaine: Lorelei Sebasto Cha , album Sun seeks future.
- Jacques Higelin: Laura Lorelei
- Dschinghis Khan: Loreley
- The Pogues
- Theater off Tragedy: Lorelei
- Cocteau Twins
- Claire Pelletier " What you donnes" /Marc Chub: Song of the sirens
- Charles Trénet " Loreleï" , 1956
- Comeback Kid: " Lorelei" , 2003
- Mercury Rev: " Black Forest (Lorelei) " , 2005
- Robert: " Song of Lorelei" , Six feet under ground, 2005
- Renan Luce: " The lettre" , 2007
- Roger Leloup: Yoko Tsuno, Organ of the devil , many references.
- Shinji Higuchi : Lorelei: The Witch off the Pacific Ocean (2005).
- Odile de Schwilgué (painter of Strasbourg born in 1952) " LORELEI"
- Loreley Information information all around Lorelei
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