See also: Laibach
Ljubljana (API, “the city which one likes”, French Laybach , German Laibach (), Italian Lubiana (), Capitale of the Slovenia, is located between the rivers Ljubljanica and Sava. Its population is of 280 000 inhabitants.
Although the Romains had named their colony Emona ( Colonia Emona (Æmona) Iulia tribe Claudia ) and that it had been undoubtedly founded to the XV E, one mentions the name of Ljubljana for the first time in 1144 (in German under the name of Laibach ) and in 1146 (with the name of Luwigana ).
After recognizebeing recognized as a city in 1220, Ljubljana integrates the empire of the Habsbourg in 1335. It becomes the center of the diocese in 1461 and develops a Slovenien culture during the Moyen-âge. Habsbourg of Austria control the area, with an interruption due to the Napoleonean wars. Between 1809 and 1813 Ljubljana is the capital of the Provinces illyriennes pertaining to the First Empire French. In 1821 the city accommodates the Congrès of Laybach.
With the coalition of Croats and Serb in 1918, Ljubljana becomes the center of the Dravska banovina (the banat of the Drave) and, after the Second world war, the capital of the republic Yougoslave of Slovenia. Ljubljana remains the Slovenien capital, when this one becomes independent in 1991.
Ljubljana was several times devastated by earthquakes. After the earthquake of 1511, Ljubljana was rebuilt on the model of a city of the Renaissance and after that of 1895, which severely damaged the city, it was rebuilt once again in the neo-classic style.
The architecture of the city is thus a mixture of styles. The great sectors of the city having been built after the Second world war comprise the work of the Slovenien architect Jože Plečnik.
In 1693, a scientific company, called Academia operosorum labacensis, is established in Ljubljana, then in 1701 a company Philharmonique ( Academia philharmonicorum ). Lastly, in 1919 Ljubljana obtains with a university and in 1937, a National Academy of Sciences and Arts.
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