First Lixheim (today Old man-Lixheim) had its creation with the foundation of a priory Benedictine in XIIe S.
The new city was rested by the Count Palatine Georges Gustave (wire of the Count Palatine Georges-Jean) in 1608, to replace Phalsbourg that his/her father had had to yield. It made of Lixheim a place of refuge for reformed, as had been this first city, independent of the Duché of Lorraine.
It nevertheless was sold in its turn with the duke of Lorraine in 1623; in spite of its engagements in favor of the freedom of the protesting worship, Henri II " Bon" was hardly opposed to the pressures which pushed many inhabitants reformed with the exodus.
Lixheim constituted in 1629-1660 with Phalsbourg transitory the ''' principality of Phalsbourg and Lixheim ''' with the profit of Henriette of Lorraine and her three successive husbands of which Louis de Guise. The princess made strike currency with Lixheim.
With died of the princess, the territories of the principality made return to the duchy of Lorraine. The duke Léopold observed with his manner the tolerance promised by Henri II: reformed had permission to go to the worship in the county close to Nassau-Sarrewerden (Alsace uneven), modest but creditable concession on behalf of a sovereign whose House had always savagely defended Catholicism.
Places and monumentsThe city was built according to a regular plan in checkerwork, following the example Charleville at the same time, or Vitry-le-François, " neuves" cities; protected by ramparts and profiting from the first reflections on town planning. It has three places of worship, memory perhaps of its vocation first of asylum for Réformés.
The main street is bordered of secular alignments of chestnut trees, and is decorated of a fountain of XVIIIe S.
The houses have a characteristic style, which is not without pointing out the houses of city in Central Europe (Germany, Poland,…): massive, windows in segmentary arc (" hat of gendarme"), and capped high roofs with two sides with cover of tiles. Beautiful oriels of XVIIe S., " flat " or projecting angular on the frontage, saved without doubts of the destruction of the Thirty year old War, decorate many houses rebuilt with XVIIIe; they are decorated with pilasters and " cuirs" (interlaced geometrical reasons). Some carved doors dating from XVIIe and XVIIIe S. preserve interest.
Is the frontage of the church composite, and comprises elements of XVIIe S. (rosette, niches?); the nave is XVIIIe S. The temple was installed in sober but vast building of style XVIIIe S., that a turn-bell-tower of XIXe strips.
To also see: the synagog; ramparts and ditches; usoirs; the mint.
Personalities related to the commune
- Lixheim on the site of the national geographical Institute
- Lixheim on the site of INSEE
- Lixheim on the site of Quid
- Localization of Lixheim on a chart of France and communes bordering
- Plane on Lixheim on Mapquest
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