List lords of Blain
List of the lords of Blain
Origin and general informationIn the year 1108, Alain Fergent, Duke of Brittany, had Blain, and behaved there as a Master; he made there build a castle of real military importance. When the Breton S had seized the country, they took possession of this fortification and established one there their captains. This chief, lord of the place in 1090, named Guégon. It was this fortification which Alain Fergent converts into true strong Château. For this work, it called upon all vassal field “ not being distant of more than six miles ”. The Granit was brought of Vigneux and the Temple-of-Brittany; the shelly limestone of Campbon; the quartzose liking, which provides the linings and external of the turns and the curtains, came from a layer in the vicinity. This construction did not cease being altered: the Clisson and the Rohan which became the owners about it, true builders, brought qualities of their race there.
Family of BlainGuégon appears several times in acts where it signs: Guégo de Blanio . Apart from its Châtellenie of Blain, it had some grounds in Pontchâteau.
One of its successors, his grandson probably, named Herve Ier, married, in the year 1225, Constance, the heiress of the lord of Pontchâteau. Constancy was widowed of Guillaume de Clisson of which it had in a son known in the History under the name of Olivier Old the.
His/her father, Eudon de Pontchâteau, was a valorous soldier and also a burning Christian who had taken the Cross in 1218 to go itself from there to fight the infidels in Holy Land. All those of its race were however not saints. One of them had been announced by its violent temperament and its plunderings. Seized tardily by the repentance, he had humiliated himself of his faults, and, to obtain from God his forgiveness, had given to the monks Redon his ground of Ballac in Pierric.
Herve, him also for the safety of his heart, made a pious foundation with the establishment of Dominican of Nantes, and two years after gave great incomes to be taken on its grounds of Blain for construction and embellishment of the same convent. Of its marriage with Constancy of Pontchâteau, it had three wire: Eudon of the Bridge, Guillaume de Fresnay and Herve de Blain, which died young person.
Eudon and Guillaume had to very a long time support the power and the animosity of their brother Olivier Old the born from the first marriage of their mother with Clisson. This one had received in heritage the castle of Blain and some grounds in the châtellenie of Fresnay; but he bitterly complained not to be put in possession “ certain uses” in the Forêt of the Bridge. He looked at his brothers like enemies and created all kinds of troubles to them. This different ceased only when Olivier the Old one lost the government of his house to pass it to the hands of his son Olivier the Young person. This one made an arrangement with his/her uncles, relative with the forest of the Bridge, causes litigation, arrangement ratified with Nantes in the year 1265.
After Eudon and Guillaume, the chief of the house of Blain was Herve. He was distinguished in the various wars which did not cease a ensanglanter the country. He had linked himself with Olive de Chabot, and had had four children of it: Eon of the Bridge, lord de Fresnay; marchioness of the Bridge, married later with Jean V, lord of Moor and Quéhillac; Anthaise, married to Herve de Volvire; and Simon who married Aliénor de Montfort.
Eon, oldest son, link themselves in Marie of Rochefort. Their children, Eon of the Bridge and Herve of the Bridge, were highly skilled soldiers. Eon was killed with the Bataille of Poitiers where was overcome Jean the Good (1356) and Herve perishes with the Bataille of Auray in 1364. One and the other did not leave any posterity.
Their uncle Simon, married to Aliénor de Montfort, in the same way did not have a child. With him the elder branchee of Blain finishes. The succession returned to the Famille of Volvire, then all the field passed to the hands Clisson by the marriage of Guillaume, who had married, to the heiress of the lord of Pontchâteau. From this union, a son had been born: Olivier II of Clisson.
- before 1225 - 1262: Olivier Ier de Clisson, known as '' Old the '' (towards 1205 + 1262), lord of Clisson, it became, according to the use of time, by the second marriage of his/her mother in 1225, with the lord Herve Ier de Blain (born towards 1195 and died in 1236), heir to the castle of Blain,
- before 1262 - towards 1307: Olivier Olivier II of Clisson, known as '' the Young person '' (towards 1236 +vers 1307), lord of Clisson, lord of Blain, wire of the precedents,
- : married to Jeanne Bertrand, girl of Guillaume Bertrand, lord of Thury,
- : married in 1299 with Isabeau de Craon (1278 - July 30th 1350), girl of Maurice VI of Craon, of which:
- :: Amaury Ier, lord of Blandinaye, killed in 1347,
- ::: married to Isabeau, rams of Remefort and of Mortar-Collapses, of which:
- :::: Amaury II, lord of Remefort,
- ::: Isabeau,
- :::: married to Renaud d' Ancenis, lord of Soubs;
- :: Mahaud,
- :: married to GUI of Bauçay, lord of Chenecé, then,
- :: married to Savary III of Vivonne, lord of Thors.
1343 - 1343: Olivier IV of Clisson (towards 1300 + 1343), lord of Clisson, lord of Blain, wire of the precedents. He is decapitated the August 9th 1343 on order of the king de France Philippe VI of Valois which had invited it to Paris under pretext of a tournament and to the contempt of a trève signed little time before (Trève de Malestroit). Under the pretext of a tournament, he is convened in Paris with about fifteen other lords by the king Philippe VI of France, which, seizes its person and the fact of decapitating with the Markets the August 2nd 1343. Its field of Blain is confiscated. The king indeed showed it to have betrayed the cause of Charles of Blois, and to have intrigued with Edouard III, which would have more or less promised to him to name it viceroy of Brittany, and to have betrayed the cause of Charles of Blois.
- : married in 1320 with White of Bouville of which:
- :: Jean (who will have to support misfortunes of his father and will die without posterity), then,
- : married in 1328 with Jeanne of Belleville which gives him five children:
- :: Maurice,
- :: Guillaume,
- :: Olivier the Constable,
- :: Isabeau (dead in 1343), wife of Jean Ier de Rieux, mother of Jean II of Rieux,
- :: Jeanne, who will marry Jean Harpedane, lord of Montendre;
1343 - 1407: Olivier V, known as the Constable , the Butcher or Disbudded of Auray (April 23rd 1336 with the Castle of Clisson + April 22nd 1407 with the castle of Josselin) lord of Clisson, Viscount of Porhoët (by Prerogative received of King de France), lord of Blain, lord of Josselin, Belleville, Montagu, Garnache, Yerrick and Beauvoir, named a time Constable of France (1380). It is high at the court of Edouard III with Jean de Montfort, future applicant with the ducal throne of Brittany.
- : married in 1361 with Catherine of Laval, which gives him two girls:
- :: Béatrix (+ 1448), viscountess de Porhoët and lady of Blain,
- ::: married in 1407 with Alain VIII of Rohan, Viscount of Rohan of 1396 to its death in 1429, and by its marriage, Viscount of Porhoët and lord of Blain,
- :: Marguerite (1366 + 1441),
- : married in second weddings with Marguerite de Rohan, sister of the Viscount Jean Ier de Rohan.
- :: married to Clisson, the January 20th 1387 with Jean Ier de Châtillon, wire of Jeanne de Penthièvre, Duchess of Brittany,
- Alain VIII of Rohan
- Alain IX of Rohan
- Jean II of Rohan
- Pierre II of Rohan
- Rene Ier de Rohan
- Henri II of Rohan
- Henri de Chabot
- Louis of Rohan-Chub
- Louis-Marie-Brittany of Rohan-Chub
- Louis II of Rohan-Chub
- Louis-Antoine of Rohan-Chub
EpilogLouis-Antoine of Rohan-Chub which, the revolutionary upheaval passed, in 1802, sold the field of his fathers to a banking rich person of Paris, the Vicomte of Janzé. This one made considerable expenditure to repair certain parts of the castle. His/her son, his finances being obérées, sold the chàteau and the forest in 1882 to Mr. Hardy who, ten years later, yielded them to the Baron de Lareinty, marquis of Tholozan. The storm of 1914 occurred, the American S intended to acquire the field: at this point in time the Prince de Grèce, brother of the king and his wife Marie Bonaparte, bought it, preserving it of the destruction. Marie Bonaparte is a pionnière of the Psychanalyse in France.
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