Lieutenant-governor is a title which indicates official functions in territories in the past controlled by the British Couronne.
At the beginning of British colonization, the News-Wales-of-South, was supervised by a governor and the other colonies like the Tasmanie (" Van Diemen' S Land" at the time) or the New Zealand (" Bay off Islands" at the time) by a lieutenant-governor.
Today, there is no lieutenant-governor at the federal level but there is still, on the level of the states, the lieutenant-governors, the Administrators (" Administrators") and of the Presidents (" Chief Justices") Supreme court of the state which has distinct roles normally; however, in much of states, in particular News-Wales-of-South, Victoria and southernmost Australia, the role of lieutenant-governor is played by the president of the Supreme court. In 2001, the Constitution of the Queensland was modified to recreate the post of lieutenant-governor. When a governor dies, resigns or goes away, a " Administrateur" or a " lieutenant-gouverneur" must replace it. That Ci does not have any role as long as the governor is in activity but it is ready to take his place where necessary.
In CanadaIn the Canadian provinces , the lieutenant-governor represents at the same time the monarchy and the federal principle near the provincial government.
DescriptionAlthough it is named by the general governor on the councils of the Prime Minister of Canada, the lieutenant-governor, according to the terms of a decision returned in 1892 by the legal Comité of the private Council, “is as much the representative of His Majesty, for the needs for the provincial government, that is the general governor for the needs for the government of the Dominion”.
The lieutenant-governor is invested of all the statutory and discrétionnaires authorities and of all the prerogatives of the monarch or the general governor. Thus, it is him which must open, extend and dissolve the provincial legislative assembly, sanction (or refuse to sanction) the provincial legislative measures and the decrees, and to grant the approval prior to the finance bills. The lieutenant-governor is also charged to swear in provincial the Prime Minister and, probably as a last resort, to relieve a government. Though obsolescent, these discrétionnaires capacities are not obsolete.
The lieutenant-governor is also an official representative of the federal government. It is of him that it receives its nomination, its remuneration and its directives. He can also be the subject of a justified reference. Its five years usual mandate is often prolonged. Under the terms of the constitutional Loi of 1867 (in the past the Acte of British North America (AANB), the lieutenant-governor has the capacity to defer the royal sanction of the provincial bills, and it is by him which the proclamation of the provincial laws takes place that Ottawa repudiated. A preliminary version of the AANB employs the expression “superintendent”, but with the Conference of Quebec, in 1864, one proposes that the subordination of the provincial governments is done in particular by leaving the capacity to name and to return the lieutenant-governors between the hands of the central government.
List Lieutenant governors in Canada
- Lieutenant-governor of Ontario
- Lieutenant-governor of Quebec
- Lieutenant-governor of Nova Scotia
- Lieutenant-governor of New Brunswick
- Lieutenant-governor of Manitoba
- Lieutenant-governor of the Colombia-British
- Lieutenant-governor of the Island-of-Prince-Edouard
- Lieutenant-governor of Saskatchewan
- Lieutenant-governor of Alberta
- Lieutenant-governor of Ground-New-and-Labrador
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