Libuše in Czech (to pronounce " Libouché"), Libussa or German Libuscha in , is the mythical ancestor of the dynasty of the Přemyslides and the Czech people in general. According to the Legend, it founded Prague at the 8th century.
LegendsLibuše would be the girl of the Czech chief Krok, and the youngest sister of the healer Kazi and the magician Teta. She was endowed with the gift of Prophétie, and his/her father chooses it like successor. It is said that it returned justice under a lime. Although it proved to be a warned chief, the male part of the tribe did not support to be under the orders of a Femme. They asked Libuše to choose a prince for the people, and it indicated Přemysl, a plowman of the village of Stadice. One removed Přemysl with his plow and one brought it to the palate. Přemysl then became duke, Libuše married it and gave rise to Nezamysl, inaugurating the dynasty of Přemyslides.
Libuše was wisest of the three sisters and prophesied the foundation of Prague since its castle of Libušín (according to late legends, with Vyšehrad).
According to another legend, she died shortly after her marriage. One of its warlike, Vlasta or Valasque, would have then left the court and would have formed an army of Amazones, that Přemysl could have overcome only by trick, and not by force.
The history of Libuše and Přemysl is told in detail by Cosmas of Prague in its Chronica Boëmorum (12th century).
LiteratureThe mythical figure of Libuše inspired several plays, including one Tragédie of Franz Grillparzer, Libussa (1848) and a opera of Bedřich Smetana, Libuše (1869-1872, created in 1881).
- a sculpture of Josef Václav Myslbek (1881), is in Vyšehrad, Prague.
- a table of Vítězslav Karel Mašek representing it, painted about 1893, is with the Musée of Orsay in Paris.
- List of the sovereigns of Bohemia
- Legends on Libuše
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