The lemon-yellow is a Agrume. It is the fruit of the Citronnier, a Arbre of the family of the Rutacées.
The lemon tree ( Citrus limonum ) is a shrub from 5 to 10 m in height, with persistent sheets green-dark, ovals, luisantes on the top.
The white flower gives a lengthened dark green small fruit which becomes green increasingly pale to finish yellow sharp growth progressively.
The fruit has a bark smoothes yellow bright. Its flesh is juicy and very acid and rich in Vitamine C. Yellow bark one extracts an essential oil which contains inter alia substances of the Limonène or citral.
The soft lemons are the fruits of a particular cultivar and is consumed like oranges: Citrus silt (L.) Burm. F. (Classification of Tanaka).
HistoryFormerly called silt , which comes from the Italian limone , of the Spanish filed , of the Arab laymûn , of the Persan limún , of the Sanskrit nimbú . The word files was kept to name green lemon And one continues to call popularly this plant the shaft horse of India .
Its origin is dubious, it could be the result of natural hybridization between the Cédrat, the file and the Pamplemousse.
Originating in China and India, on the buttresses of the the Himalayas, it was used at the beginning of the Moyen-âge on the Arab boats then in Europe towards the end of XIIe century. It crossed the Atlantic in 1493 on the boat of Christophe Colomb. It was with the Oignon the only remedy known against the Scorbut.
It is said sometimes that its wood was already known Greeks and Romans of the Antiquité who made pieces of furniture of great value of them, but it is probable that they used in fact of the wood of Cédrat.
the small lemon
It is mainly cultivated in Italy with the the United States and in Argentine. In France, it is produced in the area of Menton, of which there remained the fruit symbolic system (a request for recognition of this production as a Protected Geographical ascription is in hand).
It should be noted that the lemon-yellow green is not a variety of lemon but that of a very close citrus fruits: the file.
For the food
It has multiple uses in kitchen:
- the fresh juice is used in seasonings on fish.
- It replaces the vinegar in salads.
- Added with water and sugar, it composes the lemonade : a soft drink.
- It is also an essential ingredient of the Limonade.
Easy way: once peeled, the fruits and the vegetables blacken in contact with the air by oxidation. To safeguard the vitamins, it is enough to rub the flesh of the fruits (apple, pear, lawyers) with a half of lemon. For the crudenesses grated like celery turnip, it should be sprinkled juice of a lemon.
The addition of some vinegar or lemon drops makes the pie crust pastry more tender and less rubber band, because the acid disaggregates the gluten (protein of the flour).
If you take time to cool the shortening a few hours with the refrigerator before cutting it in your flour, you will obtain a paste of higher quality.
For healthConsidered to have properties Disinfectant S, it is used in many treatments against the evil of throat and also makes it possible to make cures for the hands. It moreover is used in Cosmétologie to clear up and unify the dye.
Its juice is effective to avoid the mucosities: lemon juice diluted in warm water avoids having the enrouée voice.
In other applications
- the juice of lemon can prove very useful for the cleaning of objects out of aluminum, and enters the composition of the mixture to clean the copper ustensils.
- It would also seem that the lemon juice has virtues Spermicide S, because of its strong acidity (pH weaker than in the Vagin). Studies are in hand to check if the lemon juice affects the virus of the Sida.
- the lemon juice can also be useful like invisible ink. It is enough to write with its juice like ink and, then, to make heat the sheet above a candle (not too near) to see appearing the writings.
Gallery of images
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