The Drapeau of Israel was adopted by the movement Zionist at the 19th century and taken again during the creation of the State of Israel in 1948. It comprises in its center the star of David, or “Maguen David” (of Hebrew literally “Shield of David”). One does not know the origin of this star, which is not a religious symbol. Its proportions, colors (White and Blue) and the two bands horizontal evoke the Talith, shawl of prayer Juif.
The shape of the flag
The law of the State of Israel describes the flag of the State as being equipped with a white zone on which are two bands of color tekhélèth (in Hebrew, " azur") sunk, which extends over all its length, but which is raised a little according to the width. In the center of the flag, between the two bands, a maguene David is traced of the color of the bands. The colors of the flag have like origin the colors of the Talith , though the colors of the bands on the Talith S vary tekhélèth with black. It is possible that it is because of that one with the ambiguous definition of “ tekhélèth dark”. In fact, the blue color varies from a flag with another and is not fixed, sometimes blue dark, sometimes blue clear.
The shape and the proportions of the flag were fixed then were published in an official declaration of the provisional assembly of the State, and were approved thereafter by a law of the Knesset in 1949:
“The flag is of 220cm length, 160cm of width. The bottom is white on which are two bands tekhélèth dark , broad each one of 25cm, extended over the entire length of the flag, of one edge at the other edge. The higher band is at a distance from 15cm since the broad side. In the middle of the white zone, between the two bands tekhélèth and in an equidistant way to those is a maguene David made of six bands tekhélèth , broad each one of 5,5cm, which is purified in two equal triangles, whose bases are parallel to the two bands of tekhélèth which are along the flag. ”
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