The legislative power is one of the three capacities constituting a State with:
In parliamentary Mode of the British type
The legislative power minimalement is composed of a Parliament monocaméral, i.e. composed of only one confined elected. At the origin and still today in several places, the legislative power is rather composed in bicameral system , i.e. of a Lower House and a Upper House.
This capacity is, in French constitutional law, traditionally held by one or more parliamentary Rooms. Thus, under Ve République, the legislative power is held by the Sénat and the National Assembly. The legislative power is the capacity which votes and enacts the Loi in the broad sense. It has a capacity of censure and control on the Executive power (the government) thanks to the Notion of censure. Only the president of the Republic, which however made party of the Executive power, is not responsible in front of the National Assembly and cannot thus be reversed. He exerts, on the contrary, a means of pressure on the legislative power while being able to dissolve the National Assembly: most of the time to control with a presidential majority of its edge and thus to avoid a Cohabitation.
- Power to control on the Executive power (only on the government in France because the President of the Republic is not responsible in front of anybody) using a motion of censure. A motion of censure makes it possible to reverse the government. It must be deposited by a tenth of the deputies, then voted in the majority absolute with the National Assembly.
- Can take over temporarily the duties of the Head of the State (only in France and by the President of the Senate) in the event of vacancy of the capacity until next the presidential elections.
- National Assembly
- French National Assembly
- French Senate
- Congress of the United States of America
Be-X-old: Заканадаўчаяўлада Simple: Legislature
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