A lawyer is a professional who studies, develops, and applies the Loi. He exerts this Profession at the end of several years of studies in faculty or school of right. In Europe, he will exert at least while being titular of a license but more often of a master even of a doctorate (diagram LMD).
Profiles of lawyers
Written and oral ease, direction of psychology, analytical spirit and of synthesis, often having an excellent memory, the lawyer exerts his knowledge of the right by a thorough knowledge of the Branches of right which it practices and which it updates by an continuing education and a legal Veille permanent. He can embrace the career of law professor, of lawyer, magistrate, notary, or lawyer in company, collectivté territorial, or in the associative medium
A regulated profession
The lawyer has by his university degree capacity to follow a regulated occupation where a minimum of formation is required by the national law as well as deontologic requirements known as for morality.
In France, article 54 of the law n°90-1259 of December 31st, 1990 posed the principle that: " No one can, directly or by nobody interposed, on a purely usual and remunerated basis, to give legal consultations or to write informal agreements for others… " if it does not meet certain conditions of morality and diplôme". In France, this condition of diploma is a control in right.
The internationalization of the quality of lawyer
The term is largely used in the United States, but has in the United Kingdom and in the other Commonwealth Countries a particular use. In the majority of the countries of Europe, any graduate person in right is described as lawyer, generic term of the professionals of the right independently of their functions.
The term is sometimes compared to that of legal adviser whose experiment can vary. He is Junior with an experiment of expert of less than five years. Senior beyond
Sectors of predilection
In France, unlike the auxiliaries of justices as the lawyer S which have the responsibility of plead for their customer or the Notaire S, Huissier S, without forgetting the agents of the public service of justice (Magistrat), the lawyer as a private adviser is not always subjected to an ordinal organization of which it forms obligatorily part (order of lawyers, etc).
He exerts most of the time as an employee in organizations with a fine knowledge of the sector in which he exerts: lawyer of company, administration (specialists in the public law), trade-union (specialists in the law the labor, of the social right). In Anglo-Saxon terms, it is often compared to a " in-house lawyer " with the difference of the " external counsel " who are often designated by lawyers.
- List of French lawyers
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