The Latin Union, not to confuse with the Latin Monetary Union created at the 19th century, is a founded intergovernmental organization in 1954 by the Convention of Madrid to emphasize and to diffuse the cultural heritage and the identities of the people of Romance Langues.
The Latin Union shaped only in 1983. During seventeen years of functional existence, the number of States become members by ratification of the Convention of Madrid or by posterior adhesion passed from 12 to 37, gathering today the near total of the States which are likely to integrate the Latin Union. It is, according to the interpretative recommendations established in 1992, the countries which answer one or more of the following criteria: linguistic criteria (official language néolatine - language of teaching néolatine - language néolatine used as means of communication in the daily life and the media); linguistico-cultural criteria (existence of a significant literature in Language néolatine - written press mainly in language néolatine, as well in terms of pulling, as of many titles - television with strong proportion in language néolatine, radio largely in language néolatine); cultural criteria (heritage direct or indirect of a inheritance of the old Rome to which the States express their fidelity and which perpetuates it, in particular by the teaching of the Latin and the foreign languages néolatines, by cultural exchanges with other Latin countries, - organization of the company, in particular on the legal level, - respect of fundamental freedoms and the general principles of the rights of the Homme and the Démocratie, the tolerance and the Liberté of worships).
Centered in the beginning on the Iberian countries, the Latin America and other old Spanish colonies (like the Filipino ) or Portugueses, it is present today in the whole world, and it gathers 37 Member States and granted the statute of observer to 3 other governments (Argentine, Ordre of Malta, the Vatican). Its seat is in Paris.
It develops multilateral projects concerning all the Member States and has a network of representations in a score of country.
It acts in the following fields:
Valorization, diffusion and defense of the shared inheritance, support for creation and the cultural exchanges, promotion and deepening of the idea of Latinity.
Valorization of the teaching and the training of the Romance languages (Catalan, Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese and Rumanian) by their presence in the offer of languages of the education systems and by the development of innovating teaching resources.
Enrichment of the scientific and technical terminologies of the Romance languages, development of the co-operation as regards industries of the language in the Member States, contributes with the rise and the use of the networks telematics within the framework of the Latinity.
The official languages of this union are the Spanish , the French, the Italian , the Portuguese, the Rumanian and the Catalan. It uses the four first as working languages. All the texts with general diffusion are translated in these four languages and some also into Rumanian. Thus the Organization saw and shows constantly its cultural ideal side-Latin.
The Latin Union is present in four continents, currently its Member States are:
- Cape Verde
- Costa Rica
- Filipino Panama
- San Marino
- El Salvador
- Eastern Timor
- Order of Malta
- the Holy See
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