The Latin America can indicate:
- according to a linguistic criterion, the worldwide of the American continent where one speaks about the Latin languages (Romance Langues), primarily the Spanish or the Portuguese (thus forming part of the Hispanophonie and the Lusophonie), and in less measurement the French (Haiti, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique). The Latin America thus includes/understands the major part of the South America, the Central America and the North America (the Mexico, even the New Mexico). In a direction much broader (and very minority), one would add to it the Quebec, the Acadie, the Louisiana (News-France) and Saint-Pierre-and-Miquelon.
- according to a geographical criterion and cultural and according to a usually allowed division, the space included/understood Mexamerica in North, the Ground of Fire in the south and including/understanding, Mexico, the Central America and Caribbean, Andean countries, the southern Cone and the Brazil. This vast whole of 22 million km ² and more than 540 million inhabitants knows deep disparities but finds its identity in colonial histories and similar conquests of independences, modes of occupation of space and social reports/ratios comparable.
- according to a Geopolitical criterion, a “representation which goes against the traditional and geological division of the continent in three parts”, a unit which one can oppose to Anglo-Saxon North America.
Etymology and appearance of the idea of Latin America" America latine" equivalent to that of Latin Europe for the American continent is a term.
The expression appears the first time under the feathers of the Socialist Chile in Francisco Bilbao and of the Colombian Jose María Torres Caicedo, both close relations of Lamennais.
It reappears, towards 1862 in the context of the American Civil War, at the time of the preparations of the French forwarding in Mexico in a context of panlatinism. It thus was used with Napoleon III and its entourage with designer part of the American continent in order to symbolically highlight French legitimacy to enjoy this territory.
Idea, “related to the great intention helping the Latin nations of Americas, to dam up the expansion of the United States”. This kind of “interference” is always fought, in the name of the rights of the motherland, by Madrid where the concept of Latin America still does not have established among, but where on the contrary the concept of Hispanité prevails.
See also: History of the Latin America
- History of Mexico
- History of South America
See also: Geography of the Latin America
See also: List of the urban surfaces of Latin America
See also: Economy of the Latin America
See also: Population of the Latin America, Amerindian in the Latin-American company at the XXe century
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