Larsa , which is today the city Senkerah in Iraq, was a city of Mésopotamie, capital of a kingdom amorrite.
According to a late dynastic list, the List of the kings de Larsa , the kingdom of Larsa would have been founded by called Naplânum, eight years before the proclamation of independence of the kingdom of Isin by Ishbi-Wandered, that is to say towards 2025 av. J. - C. Under the reign of Gungunum (1932 - 1906 av. J. - C.), fifth king de Larsa, the kingdom takes scale: Gungunum guerroie in Élam and, the eighth year of its reign, conquers Ur then DER, Suse, Lagash and perhaps Uruk. The policy of conquest continues under its successor Abi-sarê and the son of this last, Sumu-El.
In 1834 av. J. - C, Kudur-Mabuk, chief of a wandering tribe amorrite, benefit from the fight between Isin and Larsa to take by to storm the latter, which he entrusts to his son Warad-Sîn. It is then a period of peace and economic prosperity which opens for the kingdom. It is marked by an intense policy of construction of temples and channels and by an important cultural development.
In 1809 av. J. - C., Rîm-Sîn, brother and successor of Warad-Sîn, is confronted with a coalition carried out by Sîn-Muballit of Babylon, which he manages to contain. In 1793 av. J. - C., it conquers the kingdom of Isin, enemy of always of Larsa. It is then the apogee of the kingdom, which lasts only little of time: in 1764, Hammurabi penetrates in the kingdom by north, and puts the seat in front of the secondary capital, Mashkan-shapir, which it takes, then the principal capital, Larsa. The seat lasts six months and mobilizes 40000 soldiers. The city falls finally and its walls are destroyed. After an escape bid, Rîm-Sîn and its sons are imprisoned with Babylon.
List kings de Larsa
- Naplânum (2025-2005 av. J. - C.)
- Emisum (2004-1977 av. J. - C.)
- Samium (1976-1942 av. J. - C.)
- Zabaia (1941-1933 av. J. - C.)
- Gungunum (1932-1906 av. J. - C.)
- Abi-sarê (1905-1895 av. J. - C.)
- Sumu-El (1894-1866 av. J. - C.)
- Nûr-Adad (1865-1850 av. J. - C.)
- Sîn-iddinam (1849-1843 av. J. - C.)
- Sîn-eribam (1842-1840 av. J. - C.)
- Sîn-iqîsham (1840-1835 av. J. - C.)
- Silli-Adad (1835-1834 av. J. - C.)
- Warad-Sîn (1834-1823 av. J. - C.)
- Rîm-Sîn (1822-1763 av. J. - C.)
- Rîm-Sîn II (1741-1736 av. J. - C.)
Identified in 1854, the site of Larsa was excavated by André Parrot in 1933. The countryside made it possible to put at the day the Ebabbar, a temple built by the king Sîn-iddinam and devoted to the god Sun, Shamash. The royal palace of Nûr-Adad also released. Thereafter, several excavation campaigns were organized, initially directed by Jean Margueron then by Jean-Louis Huot.
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