The company was founded by George Eastman in 1881 under the name of Eastman Dry Plate Company (Company of the Dry Plates Eastman). Eastman replaces the photographic ones out of glass by flexible film.
The name Kodak appears for the first time in 1888 with the launching of the first cameras with photographic film. It would be the name of a village in Africa which Eastman had visited and of which it liked the pronunciation and the " K" in periphery; but it had denatured the name of the village… Kadok. In the popular speech, the word " Kodak" was used a long time to indicate any camera intended for the amateur. George Eastman sought a term which decided in an identical way in all the languages and which started with the first letter of the name of his/her mother born Kilbourn. About 1895, Charles Pathé had the revelation of its destiny after having seen projections of the Frères Light in Paris. In 1897 it founds the " General Co of the Cinematographs, Gramophones and Pellicules". Charles Pathé undertook in 1907 the construction of a factory, street of the Vine growers, with Vincennes. Endowed with a great commercial direction, George Eastman and Charles Pathé extended their influence on several continents. In 1927, their companies in France amalgamated: Kodak-Pathé had been born.
In the middle of the years 1960, Kodak employed nearly 80.000 people in the world. Principal factories at that time:
- Rochester, State of New York (22 000 people)
- Kingsport, Tennessee
- Longview, Texas
- Peabody, Massachusetts
- New York
- England: factories with Harrow, Hemel Hempstead, Stevenage
- Canada, factory with Toronto
- Germany: factories with Abbotsford and Coburg
- France: factories with Vincennes, Sevran, Chalon-sur-Saône
In Vincennes, 3.500 people worked with the manufacture of the support and the emulsions. In Sevran worked 1.300 people in workshops for the treatment of photo films and cinema colors for amateurs. The factory of Trawl-net is a result of decentralization, and it manufactured chemicals there; one carried out there also part of conditioning and completion of the reels and papers. The head office of Kodak-Pathé in France in the middle of years 1960 was located at the 39 Avenue Montaigne with Paris.
Since 2004, Kodak forsakes little by little its historical activity (production related to the silver Photographie) to concentrate on the Numeric photography and the adapted professional effects (numerical printers).
- official Web site of Kodak
- Ilford Photo
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