Kyïv (Київ - Ukrainian Kyïv in , Киев - Russian Kiev in , Kijów in Polish) is the Capitale and more the big city of the Ukraine, it is also the chief town of the area and one of the oldest towns of Ruthénie (in the broad sense).
The old city is built on hills overhanging the river Dniepr ( Dnipro in Ukrainian).
The current city extends on two banks from the river, close to its confluence with the Desna. It counts 2,6 million inhabitants.
From the administrative point of view, Kyïv is a municipality independent of the Oblast of the same name and managed at the national level. However, the government of the oblast is located in the city. Kyïv is a center industrial, scientific, cultural and of education important of Eastern Europe. It is the seat many companies of high technology, university institutions, museums universally known and artistic institutions.
The city has a wide and very developed infrastructure which includes/understands inter alia the network of the subway of Kyïv.
The city indeed has a system of three lines of Métro an overall length of 54,8 kilomètres.
In May, the visitors of Kyïv can discover the festival of the Printemps.
The weekends, the streets of the downtown area ( Khreshchatyk ) are closed with the traffic of the vehicles to the profit of the pedestrians.
HistoryThe big city of Kyïv, was founded by the khazars; Kyïv is a Turkish name (KIYI=rive and EV=emplacement or house).
During its history, Kyïv, one of the more old cities of Eastern Europe, passed by several stages, of the size until a relative darkness. The city was probably founded at the 5th century and functioned like commercial pole between Constantinople and the Scandinavia.
In 882, Kyïv was taken by Oleg (in Ukrainian Oleh ), a Varègue, the successor of Riourik, prince ( kniaz ) of Novgorod and it became the capital of the first State ruthene (the Rus' de Kyïv, also at the origin later of the Russia).
Greek Christianity was introduced there little time afterwards by Olga (or Olha ), the regent of Kyïv (945 - 964); then it was imposed by Vladimir Ier (980 - 1015), considered as the true founder of the empire of Kyïv.
In 1169, the city was plundered by André Ier Bogolioubski and was ransacked by the Coumans in 1203.
In 1240, Kyïv was taken then destroyed by the Mongolian of Batu Khan.
In 1361, it was conquered by Olgierd, a Lithuanian prince, and was attached to the Lithuania which, from the Union of Lublin in 1569, itself was attached to the Poland.
In 1648, with the assistance of the Tatars, the Cosaques were raised against Poland and formed an Ukrainian State of which Kyïv formed part but in 1654, after the withdrawal of the tatare assistance, the Cossacks sought an alliance with Moscovie and lent allégeance.
to him The fastening of Kyïv to Moscovie was made in 1667 by the Traité of Andrusovo.
At the 19th century, Kyïv took a certain rise thanks to the development of the Railroad. In 1834 was founded the Université of State de Kyïv which was going to become the Tarass-Chevtchenko.
University In 1917, after terrible combat between Bolshevik S and nationalists, Kyïv became the capital of the new Ukrainian Republic formed by Petlioura. In 1919, the city falls to the hands from bolcheviks.
In 1934, it became the capital of the Socialist Soviet republic of Ukraine.
During the Second world war, Kyiv was occupied by the German September 19th 1941 with the November 6th 1943, date of the resumption of the city by the Red Army . The city was seriously damaged by this occupation.
The September 29th and 30th 1941, in a ravine located at Babyn Yar (Babi Yar in Russian) close to Kyïv, the S massacred the Juif S remained in Ukraine; the others had been moved beyond the the Ural by the Soviet troops during the year 1941. The number of victims of this massacre is known little about, but the figures vary from 3.000 to 300.000 (see Massacre of Babi Yar).
At the end of the war, Kyïv accepted the title of Ville Hero, as well as Odessa and Sébastopol, other Ukrainian cities to have received this title to commemorate wild resistance opposite to the German troops.
After 57 years as a capital of the Ukrainian Soviet socialist Republic of the Soviet Union, in 1991, Kyïv became the capital of the Ukraine independent.
MonumentsThe Cathedral Holy-Sophie de Kyïv, started in 1017 and completed in 1037, was conceived to emulate the splendor of the Byzantine churches. Although it is devoted to “holy wisdom”, like large the Cathédrale of Constantinople, the building has a form very différente.
Rather than a simple hemispherical dome rising above the body of the building, Holy-Sophie has 13 domes in the onion shape. The central dome is a little larger than the others and it is gilded since recent restorations.
- Turn of television of Kyïv
- Polytechnic Institute of Kyїv
- National university of Kyïv of construction and architecture (KNUCA)
- National university of Kyïv-Mohyla-Academy
- University of State Tarass-Chevtchenko
Kyïv is in partnership with
Personalities born in Kiev
Albert Adamkiewicz Doctor and pathologist polono-Austrian
Ahad Ha' amndt Thinker and Hebrew writer, born with Skvira, area of Kiev, established in Palestine
- Alexander Archipenko American sculptor
Anne of Kiev queen of France, marries of the king Henri Ier
- Mikhail Boulgakov Writer Russian
Cholem Aleikhem Writer yiddich, born with Pereiaslav, area of Kiev
Irina Dvorovenko American Ballet dancer of Ukrainian origin
Ilya Ehrenbourg Writer and Russian journalist
Levi Eshkol Politicking Israeli, Prime Minister of Israel, born with Oratov, area of Kiev
George Fiala Canadian Type-setter
- Jaroslaw Iwaszkiewicz Polish Writer
- Mikhail Koltzov Writer and Russian journalist
Serge Lifar Ballet dancer and French choreographer of Ukrainian origin
Golda Meir Woman political, Prime Minister of Israel
Aleksander Mossolov Type-setter Russian
Reinhold Glière Type-setter Russian
Jascha Horenstein American Leader
Ephraim Katzir Israeli Biophysicist, president d' Israel
Mila Yovovich American Actress of cinema
- Mark Grigorievich Krein Ukrainian mathematician
Igor Markevitch Leader, Italian citizen
Nakhum Nardi Israeli Type-setter
- Irene Nemirovsky French Woman of letters
Olga Arsenyevna Oleynik Mathematician Russian
Alexander Ostrowsky Mathematician Swiss
Mikhail Rostovtseff Historian Russian-American
Oleksandr Mikolaiovich Sharkovski Ukrainian Mathematician
Igor Sikorsky American Engineer, manufacturer of helicopters and planes
Valentine Silvestrov Ukrainian Type-setter
Mikhailo Stelmakh Ukrainian Writer
Alexander Vertinski Singer and Russian type-setter of lovesongs and music of cabaret
Vladimir Ier Large Prince of Russia of Kiev
Yevghenya Vlassova Pop singer
Boris Yefimov Russian Caricaturist
- Nathan Yonathan Israeli Hebraic Poet
Mordekhay Zeira Israeli Type-setter of songs
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