Kiel , town of Germany, is the capital of the Federal state (Land) of the Schleswig-Holstein. Kiel is large a port on the the Baltic, emerged western of the Canal of Kiel. Three lines of car-ferries ensure of the daily connections with Gothenburg (Sweden), Oslo (Norway) and six times per week with Klaipeda (Lithuania).
The city was founded at the 13th century. In second half of the XIXe century, Kiel becomes the large military port of the Prussia on the Baltique. The city and the port are at the bottom of a deep bay of 15 km locked by a throttling of 800 Mr. the funds of this bay allow moreover the evolution of ships of great tonnage. The majority of the great maritime services of the Prussian empire will be installed there: admiralty, staff of marine artillery, Academy of navy, direction of naval constructions. That involves a formidable demographic rise of the city.
It was largely destroyed by allied aviation during the Second world war. Indeed, it was an strategic objective because of the installation on the spot of one of the principal bases of drive and repair of the fleet of submarines (U-Boot) ordered by the admiral Dönitz.
The Parliament of the town of Kiel (Stadtrat) is in the following way made up (elections of 2003):
- Union Christian Democrat of Germany, 24 seats.
- Left social democrat Germany, 18 seats.
- Alliance 90/Les Green, 7 seats.
Since 2003, the Christian-Democrats control with the Greens.
- Veil: Created by the Kaiser Guillaume II (itself set on Yachting and owner of the Voilier Meteor) to compete with the week of Cowes, which sponsored his/her grandmother the queen Victoria, the Semaine of Kiel (Kieler Woche) gathers each year since 1882 several hundreds of pleasure boats of all types.
It is a test headlight for the light sail, in particular the Olympic series, contrary to the Week of Cowes, more turned towards the livable sailing ships.
In addition, the water level of Kiel accommodated the tests of veil at the time of the Olympic Games disputed in Germany (OJ " hitlériens" from Berlin of 1936 and those of Munich of 1972). The marina Olympia Hafen and the lodgings built in 1972 were regarded as a model of the genre.
This expertise is at the origin of the co-operation between Kiel and Quing CAD (or Tsing CAT) in China, for the organization of the tests of veil of the 2008 Olympics (principal tests with Beijing).
Kiel is also illustrated with the Handball. Its team evolves/moves with the more high level in Bundesliga. Since the reunification, Kiel gained 8 championships of Germany (1994, 1995,1998 to 2000,2002,2005 and 2006). The handball became the sport headlight of this city (the team first of football, the Holstein Kiel, being in the third division).
TwinningKiel is twinned with
- (1986 - at that time in Soviet Union)
- (1987 - at that time in GDR)
- Official site
Nds-nl: Kiel (Duutslaand) Simple: Kiel
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