According to the legend, Khiva was founded at the place where Sem (the son of Noah) dug the Keivah well. Khiva was until the beginning of the century the capital of the Khorezm (which was a vassal kingdom of the Perse). The particularly arid area developed a complex system of irrigation starting from thousand-year-old IIe front J. - C. and was visited by various conquerors: Persian, Greek, Arab, Mongolian, Uzbek.
Itchan Kala is the interior city of Khiva, cut off behind from the high brick walls of ten meters, belonging to the old oasis, which was the ultimate stage of the caravaneers before crossing the desert in direction of the Iran. Although having preserved few very old monuments, it constitutes a coherent example and preserved well from Moslem architecture of the Central Asia with remarkable constructions like the Djouma mosque, the mausoleums and the medersa and the two splendid palates built at the beginning of the XIXe century by the khan Went-Kouli.
Since 1990, the district of Itchan Kala de Khiva belongs to the World heritage of UNESCO.
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