GeographyThe channel connected Amsterdam to the Lek with Vreeswijk, while passing by the town of Utrecht. In its continuation, the Canal of Zederik made it possible to connect the Lek to the Merwede higher than Gorinchem.
HistoryThe construction of Keulse Vaart (literal translation in French: channel of Cologne ) aimed to improve the connection by water of Amsterdam to the the Rhine and from there with the Germany, in particular at the town of Cologne.
The law of the construction of Keulse Vaart was adopted in 1821, at the time of the reign of the king Guillaume Ier. Work was completed in 1825. For the construction of the channel, such as for example for the Channel of Holland-Septentrional the, one employed primarily rivers and channels already existing, which one arranged to obtain better a River navigation. Thus, Keulse Vaart borrowed successively the Amstel, the Weespertrekvaart, the Gaasp, the Smal Weesp, the Vecht and the Vaartse Rijn.
These rivers were deepened and widened. The existing lock S were given to the new standards and several fixed bridges became mobile. All these installations represented a strong improvement compared to the former situation, but a few decades later, the gauge proposed by this channel did not meet the advanced needs any more. Other projects to connect Amsterdam to the Rhine and the Waal transfer the day; finally, the channel was replaced in 1892 by the Canal of Merwede.
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