See also: Gandhi
Kastürbā Gāndhi (April 11th, 1869 - February 22nd, 1944), affectionately called Ba (mother) by the Indians, is the woman of Mohandas Gandhi.
BiographyGirl of a rich person businessman, Gokuladas Makharji de Porbandar, Kasturba is married with Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi whereas they are both 13 years old. The Mariage arranged proves to be happy and Gandhi will underline all its life the importance of the support of Kasturba and the beneficial role which it has in its personal evolution. It is illiterate and Gandhi learns how to him to read and write, an action out of the commun run within sight of the situation of the women in India at that time.
In 1906, Mohandas Gandhi decides to practice the Brahmacharya, and couples it does not have more sexual relationships. Although it always supported her husband, Kasturba always easily does not accept its ideas and Gandhi must spend much time to persuade it.
Kasturba is very nun, but as her husband it gives up any distinction of Caste and saw in a Ashram S. Kasturba joint often with Gandhi in his actions of civil Désobéissance and non-violent Activisme. Of 1904 with 1914, in South Africa, it is active in the Settlement Phoenix beside Durban. In 1913, it is stopped at the time of the demonstrations against the work conditions of the Indians in the mode of the Apartheid and condemned to three months of forced labors. In India, it replaces sometimes her husband when he is stopped.
In 1915, when Gandhi support the farmers of indigo, Kasturba accompanies it and teaches the Hygiène, the discipline, the reading and the writing with the women and the children.
Kasturba suffers from chronic Bronchite. The stress of the many arrests of the movement “Quit India” and the hard living conditions in Ashram make it increasingly sick. In 1944, 74 years old, it contracts a Pneumonie whereas it is held with Gandhi by the English. She dies of a Infarctus after Gandhi refused that one manages Pénicilline to him on February 22nd.
- Dr. T.S. Soundram - cofounder of Gandhigram
- India' S 50 Most Illustrious Women () by Indra Gupta
- Daughter off Midnight: The Child Attaches off Gandhi (ISBN 1-85782-200-5) by Arun Gandhi
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