The other subdivision of the 2nd level is the Kota or municipality.
The word kabupaten is formed starting from bupati , a Javanese word of origin Sanskrit E ( bhåpati , " seigneur") that one can translate by " vice-roi". The bupati were noble members of families to which the kings of Java entrusted the administration of a territory, and thus had a role similar to that of the Count S of the Early middle ages. At the time of the the Indies Dutchwomen, the official term in Dutch for the bupati was regent . The territory managed by a regent was a regentschap . This is why kabupaten is usually translated into English by regency .
Indonesia currently counts (2007) 363 kabupaten and 93 kota .
The kabupaten are still subdivided in kecamatan .
regional AutonomyIn 1999, DPR (National Assembly) voted 2 laws:
- the law No 22/1999 bearing " government of the régions" ( Pemerintahan Daerah ),
- the law No 25/1999 bearing " balancing of finances between the central government and the régions" ( Perimbangan Keuangan will antara Pemerintah Pusat daN Daerah ).
- the law No 18/2001 bearing " special autonomy for the province of the special territory of Aceh like province of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam" ,
- the law No 21/2001 bearing " special autonomy for the province of Papua" ,
- the law No 32/2004 bearing " government of the régions".
- Subdivisions of Indonesia
- Provinces of Indonesia
- Kingdoms and principalities of Indonesia
- regional Autonomy in Indonesia
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