The judicial power is one of the three capacities constituting the State. It has as a role to control the application of the Loi and to sanction its nonrespect. This capacity is entrusted to the Juge S and the Magistrat S, which are based on the legal texts (which are written by the Legislative power) to return decisions.
According to Marc Uyttendaele, the judicial expression power can take on two different directions: judicial power with the organic direction and the functional direction. In the first case, judicial power indicates the courses and courts and in the second the ability to be able to slice the Litige S.
The judicial power with the organic direction generally indicates the district court, the courses and courts
- 225 courts of peace;
- 37 police courts;
- 27 county courts. The 27 legal districts count each one a civil court for the civil cases and magistrates' court for the penal matters;
- 27 courts of work (one by legal district);
- 27 bankruptcy courts (one by legal district);
- 10 cours d' sitted (one by province)
- 8 courts d application of the sorrows (one by spring and 2 for Brussels);
- 5 cours du work (Brussels, Ghent, Liege, Mons and Antwerp);
- 1 court of appeal.
Other jurisdictions play a part in the field: the Council of State, Court of arbitration, the Superior council of justice.
See also: jurisdictional Organization (France)
It should be noted that in the Constitution of 1958 to Title VIII, it is by no means mentioned “judicial Power”, but of a “Legal authority” (just like it is by no means made mention of “Executive power” and “Legislative power”). But in the facts, this difference in terminology does not change anything.
In LebanonIn first authority, there are fifty six courses of first authority to single judge and eleven in call.
In cassation, there are four civil matter courses qualified, commercial and criminal and a Council of State which counts five contentious rooms, an administrative chamber and a plenary assembly.
There exists a administrative jurisdiction.
There are also military tribunals permanent, which are chaired by an officer and of which only one of its members is a civilian. The military court of cassation is chaired by a civilian and four of its members are soldiers.
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