Joseph de Villèle
Villèle , or Jean Baptist Guillaume Marie Anne Séraphin Joseph , count de Villèle , (1773 - 1854), French politician during the Restoration, 1773 - 1854. Married the April 13rd 1799 with Barb Melanie Ombeline Panon Desbassayns, 1781 - 1855, girl of the second Providence, Mrs Desbassayns, of which it had 5 children.
Born the April 13rd 1773 with Toulouse, it engages in the marine in 1788 for which it is used for the Indies then with the the Antilles. It leaves then the trade and is withdrawn on the island Bourbon. It is stopped at the time of the Terreur, then wife a girl of creole landowners, in 1799. It bases its fortune on its personal fields. In 1807, it returns to France, and begins its political career by accepting First Empire the post of mayor of Merville. It is despite everything convinced royalist.
In 1814, it rejoins the Bourbons on their return with enthusiasm. He writes the Observations on the constitution project, which criticizes the Charte of 1814, that he considers too liberal. After the Hundred Days, it is named mayor of Toulouse, and sits at the Untraceable Chambre Ultra-royaliste as a deputy of the Haute-Garonne. He will be rapporteur at that time there of a fallen through project of an electoral law suggested by the Minister of Interior Department of the time Vincent-Marie Viénot de Vaublanc. He affirms himself and becomes the chief of the extremists, reveals great capacities in finances. He becomes member of the Congrégation, re-elected in 1816, he carries out the right-wing opposition against Decazes. He enters the cabinet of the duke of Richelieu after the assassination of the duke of Berry in February 1820.
He resigns in dissension with the liberal policy of the duke in July 1821, then returns to the favor of the electoral success of the extremists in October 1821. He becomes Minister for Finance in December 1821, then President of the Council in September 1822. More careful and moderate that its party, it opposes the forwarding of Spain then lets make in 1823. She concludes herself favorably by the Siège from Cadiz. In order to consolidate its majority, it makes dissolve the Room in December 1823, then elected for 7 years. Under the pressure of the extremists, it makes vote the Loi of the billion to the emigrants, and the Loi on the sacrilege in 1825. It cannot however obtain the re-establishment of the Droit of seniority in April 1826.
The public opinion is increasingly hostile for him. The bill restricting freedom of the press is refused in April 1827. Vis-a-vis the opposition of the pars which ruin its reforms, Villèle causes new elections, too sure of its success. In November 1827, it loses the majority, then is constrained to resign on January 5th 1828. It yields the place to the liberal Martignac. Named Even of France by Charles X, Villèle withdraws political life and in particular refuses to give following the proposal, made by Humann and Marhallac' H in the name of deputies of the center eager to avoid any revolutionary disorder, to replace Polignac with the head of a government of appeasing (March 31st 1830). It harnesses with the drafting of its Mémoires , published by its family between 1887 and 1890. He dies in Toulouse the March 13rd 1854, in his hotel of the street Vélane.
- Biographical note of Joseph de Villèle, extract of the work Ministers for Finance of the French revolution to the Second Empire , Committee for the economic and financial history of France, 2007,624 p, (ISBN 978-2-11-094807-6).
- Richemont Family.
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