Jorge Rafael Videla
See also: Videla
Jorge Rafael Videla , born with Mercedes, in the province of Buenos Aires, the August 2nd 1925 is a general and Argentinian Politician. He directed the Argentine and the Guerre salts, after the military coup d'etat of the March 24th 1976 which relieved Isabel Perón. In 1981, it yielded the presidency to the general Roberto Eduardo Viola. It was placed under house arrest with the return of the democracy in 1983.
Education and military career
Born from a father colonel, it obtains a diploma of the military national College in 1944 then starts its military career. After having worked with the ministry for the defense of 1950 to 1962, it takes the direction of the military academy in 1962. In 1971, Videla becomes general. Two years later, he becomes chief of staff before being named commander-in-chief of the Argentinian army, in 1975, under the presidency of Isabel Peron, which succeeded her husband.
The seizure of powerMarch 24th, 1976, Videla, with the head of a military junta, seizes the capacity. The junta will remain in place until December 10th, 1983. She is composed initially of Videla, of the commander of the navy, the admiral Emilio Eduardo Massera and of the commander of the air forces, the Sergeant-general Ramón Agosti. Videla yields the presidency of the Junta to the general Roberto Eduardo Viola in 1981.
The policy of the junta
The Argentinian soldiers lead a war without slackening against ideals of left and any opposition to, literally, Christian and Western civilization. During years which follow, the army assassinates or makes disappear from 10.000 to 30.000 people, mainly of the political opponents. In parallel, some 500.000 opponents with the mode see themselves constrained with the exile, to escape repression.
Those which defend this mode carry him their regard because it was anti Communiste (luminous Sentier, etc…).
End of the mode
During the year 1983, the military regime, weakened by its cuisante demolished vis-a-vis the British navy in the War of the Falklands, yields the place to a civil government democratically elected with for president the radical Raúl Alfonsín.
- Histoire of Argentina
- the vice-admiral Ruben Chamorro
- Emilio Eduardo Massera
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