The Jordan is a country of the the Middle East, bordered in the west by the Palestinian Territories of the West Bank and Israel, in the south by the Saudi Arabia, in the east by the Iraq and in north by the Syria, with moreover an access to the Dead Sea and the Red Sea
See also: History of Jordan
See also: Political of Jordan
to also see: reserved Seats (Jordan)
See also: Subdivisions of Jordan, Governorships of Jordan
Jordan is divided into twelve governorships ( muhafazat , sing. muhafaza ):
See also: Geography of Jordan
The Jordan is a country of the the Middle East, surrounded by the Syria with north, the Iraq in the North-East, the Saudi Arabia in the east and the south, and finally Israel and the the West Bank in the west. All these borders represent 1619 km. The Gulf of Aqaba and the Dead Sea delimit also the country. Jordan also has 26 km of littoral. The main cities of the country are Amman (1.181.000 inhabitants in 2001), Irbid and Zarqa, all three located in the North-West of the country.
Jordan is made up mainly of an arid desert plate in the east, and of one mountainous region in the west. The Valley of the great rift and the the Jordan separate Jordan from Israel. The culminating point of the country is “Jabal RAM” with 1754 meters, contrary the Dead Sea is the least low. The climate is dry and hot, consequence of the desert. However, the country has one rainy season in the west from November to April.
With 14 other countries, one regards Jordan as being " the Cradle of humanity ".
97,2% of the population are Moslem, mainly of rite sunnite and approximately 2,7% of orthodoxe Christians live in Jordan especially in Amman and Irbid.
See also: Economy of Jordan
Jordan continues the economic policy of modernization started by King Hussein as of the end of the year 1980 and amplified by the King Abdallah II after 1999. In a particularly difficult regional environment, the performances of the Jordanian economy were higher than waitings. Among the successes to be carried in the active of the authorities: improvement of the management of the public sector, the management of privatizations, the creation of the special economic zone of Aqaba and special industielles zones (QIZ).
These elements contributed to carry the economic growth of the country (7,5% in 2005), which is also supported by the position of refuge that Jordan for the Iraqi capital knows, Palestinian or Syrian, like by the outside assistance (mainly American). The Kingdom accommodated at the end of May 2005, for the third consecutive year, the meeting of “World Economic Forum” on banks of the Dead Sea.
Several negative aspects obscure the table however: foreign debt and an important budget deficit, sensitivity of the tourist sector to the regional crises as well as the poverty of a considerable part of the population. Jordan also had to undergo the consequences of the increase in the oil prices since the beginning of the year 1.
See also: Demography of Jordan
Arabs 98% 40-60% are of Palestinian origin - which was exiled of Palestine during the wars of 1948 and 1967 -, Tcherkesses 1%, Armenians 1%. The other minority ethnicities are Tchétchènes, Turkmènes, the Kurds, Bosniens. Islam is the dominant religion 92%, the Christians account for 6% of the population and they have 9 seats at the Parliament, 2% other minorities like the Druzes.
See also: Culture of Jordan
- New year (or Close-cropped Al-Am, the 1st muharram): February 10th, 2005. - Ramadan: October 5th, 2005. - Id Al-Fitr: mark the end of the Ramadan, on November 4th, 2005. - Id Al-Kabir: it is the festival of the Sacrifices, on January 21st, 2005. - Al-Mawlid Al-nabawi: celebrate the birth of the prophet, on April 21st, 2005.
Beats-smg: Juordanėjė Be-X-old: Ярданія Fiu-vro: Jordaania Simple: Jordan Zh-min-nan: Iok-tàn
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