See also: Mitchell
He is the son of a merchant of Tabac, Robert Mitchell and of Mary Chilton born Sharpe. His/her mother dies when Mitchell is still young. One is unaware of the beginning of schooling followed by John Mitchell. It probably enters to the Université of Edinburgh towards 1722 and obtains its Master off Arts in 1729. He studies then the Médecine and obtains his title of doctor of a European university in 1731 or 1732. It Marie with certain Helen, but one is unaware of the date of his marriage and if he has children.
He practices medicine with Lancaster County of 1732 with 1734 then with Urbanna of 1734 with 1746 where he also opens a Pharmacie in 1735. It also created a Botanical garden there. Suffering from Paludism, it remains with Philadelphia where it meets John Bartram (1699-1777), Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) and other scientists. It leaves Virginia for health reasons in 1746 and returns to settle in London where it seems to work for the Office commercial and plantations of 1750 with 1768. He becomes member of the Royal Society in 1748. In spite of its reputation, it does not obtain the post of librarian of the British Museum in 1756.
Mitchell meets John Clayton (1686-1773) and collaborates in Flora Virginica . It forwards of the seeds and the seedlings to Johann Jacob Dillenius (1684-1747) to Oxford. Discouraged from being able to classify the S which it meets, it tries to develop its own method of classification, by improving the system of John Ray (1627-1705). He is first American to be been interested in the questions of classification.
Mitchell is especially famous for its Map off the British and French Dominions in North America (1755) which asks for five years of work to him. Its work often will be copied and sometimes plagiarized. It also makes appear The Contest in America between Great Britain and France with Its Consequences and Importance, by Impartial year Hand (1757) and The Present State off Great Britain and North America with Regard to Agriculture, Population, Trade and Manufactures, Impartially Considered ((1767).
- Keir B. Sterling, Richard P. Harmond, George A. Cevasco & Lorne F. Hammond (to dir.) (1997). Biographical dictionary off American and Canadian naturalists and environmentalists . Greenwood Close (Westport): xix + 937 p.
December 15th 1748 -->
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