John Joseph Caldwell Abbott
See also: Abbott
honourable the to sir John Joseph Caldwell Abbott , C.P., C.R., K.C.M.G, B.C.L, D.C.L (born the March 12th 1821 and dead the October 30th 1893) was the 3rd Prime Minister of Canada of the June 16th 1891 with the November 24th 1892. It is also the back grandfather of the Canadian actor Christopher Plummer.
It obtained a baccalaureat in civil law of the Université McGill in 1854 and carried out a successful lawyer career. A pillar of the anglophone community of businesses of Montreal, he was later mayor of Montreal in 1887 and 1888.
It sat a long time at the House of Commons of Canada, after which it was named with the Canadian Sénat in 1887. This same year, it joint also with the cabinet of Sir John A. Macdonald as a minister without portfolio. He was also chief of the government to the senate of the May 12th 1887 with the October 20th 1893 (including its mandate as a Prime Minister). Snuffed for its knowledge in right and administration, it quickly became one of the members more in sight with the Senate.
At the time of the death of the Macdonald Prime Minister, the senator Abbott accepted with back-plate the requests for a divided Conservative party so that they take the direction of the government. During its eighteen months in station, it revitalized the government as well as the party. It tried later to transfer control from the government to John Thompson, but this was politically impossible due to a generalized feeling of Anti-Catholicism (Thompson was catholic). The health of Abbott started to worsen, and it withdrew from the policy in 1892, on what Thompson became finally Prime Minister. Abbott died less than one year later.
See also : List of the mayors of Montreal
Biography on the '' biographical Dictionnaire of Canada in line ''
federal political Experiment on the site of the Library of the Parliament
- John Abbott At The Internet Name Database
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