Johann Baptist von Spix
Johann Baptist Spix (its particle von was added about 1820) is a zoologist and a German explorer , born the February 9th 1781 at Höchstadt-year-DER-Aisch in Bavaria and dead the May 15th 1826 with Munich.
It is directed first of all towards the Théologie and spends several years in the seminars of Bamberg and Würzburg. In 1804, it decides to be directed towards studies of Médecine to the Université of Würzburg. During its studies, he travels in Italy and France where he meets Georges Cuvier and Etienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire. He obtains two years later a title of doctor and exerts medicine initially with Würzburg, then in Bamberg.
Its correspondence with Alexander von Humboldt gives him the desire for assembling a forwarding. It is the invasion of the Portugal by the troops of Napoleon, in 1807, which will give the opportunity to him to put its projects has execution. In 1817, the Portuguese crown prince, refugee with the Brazil, decides to marry with the sister of the emperor of Austria. Among the people who accompanies it in America find many Naturaliste S of which Spix.
Spix will undertake with the Botaniste Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius of 1817 with 1820 the exploration of the interior of Brazil. They will bring back a collection of 6  of it; 500 Plant S, 2 700 Insect S, 85 Reptile S, 350 Bird X, 150 Amphibian S and 116 Poisson S. This one is preserved today at the Natural history museum of Natural history of Munich.
Spix will die, in 1826, of a disease contracted in America. Before its death, it publishes eight books on its voyage, describing the Vertébré S which it observed but also the Mollusque S and the Arthropode S.
In 1824, Spix publishes Testudinum and Ranarum and, in 1825, Lacertarum . Johann Georg Wagler (1800-1832) made appear, in 1824, starting from the notes of Spix Serpentum Brasiliensium species novae or natural history of the species .
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